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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Perception
an active process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting people, objects, events, situations, and activities
constructivism
theory that states that we organze and interpret exerience by applying cognitive structures called schemata
cognitive schemata
mental structures people use to organzie and interpret experience (4 types)
prototypes
knowledge structures that define the clearest or most representative examples of some category
personal constructs
bipolar mental yardsticks that allow us to measure people and situations along specific dimesions of judgement
stereotypes
predictive generalizations about people and situations
scripts
expected or appropriate sequences of action in particular settings
interpretation
the subjective process of organzing and making sense of perception
attribution
account that explains why things happen and why people act as they do...not always correct interpretations of others and their motives
self-serving bias
tendency to attribute our positive actions and successes to stable, global, internal influences that we control and to attribute negative actions and failures to unstable, specific, external influences beyond our control
positive visualization
a technique for reducing speaking anxiety in which people visualize themselves communicating effectively in progressively challenging speaking situations
cognitive complexity
determined by the # of contructs used, how abstract they are, and how elaborately they interact to create perceptions
person centeredness
the ability to perceive another as a unique and distinct individual apart from social roles and generalizations
emathy
ability to feel with another person-to feel what he/she feels in a situation
culture
beliefs, understandings, practices, and ways of interpreting experiences that are shared by a # of people
individualism
pronounced western value that holds that each person is unique and important and should be recognized for his/her individual activities
mind reading
assuming that we understand what another person thinks or how another person perceives something
inference
an interpretation that goes beyond the facts known
monitoring
the capacity to observe and regulate your communication