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104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
additive color
Process of mixing colored light. The primary colors of red, green, and blue light make white light when mixed together.
shade
A color created by adding black to a hue.
tint
A color created by adding white to a hue.
primary colors
The primary colors of pigments and dyes are red, yellow, and blue. All other colors are derived from these three.
temperature
warm or cool colors
hue
hue is the name of a color
subtractive color
the process of mixing pigments, inks, or dyes. The primary subtractive colors are red, yellow, and blue from which all other colors are derived.
artist spectrum
another name for a color wheel
primary colors
red, yellow, and blue
value
The relative lightness or darkness of a color
secondary colors
colors between red, yhellow, and blue ont he color wheel
partitive color
color which is created by mixing many small dots of color which then appear to the eye as a single new color
tone
a color created by adding gray to a hue
tertiary color
colors on the color wheel between orange, green, purple
chroma
the strength or weakness of a color
T or F
Albert Munsell understood the importance of being able to communicate clearly about color
True
T or False
Hue and chroma are synonyms
False - hue and color are synonyms
T or False
In the Munsell system, there are 4 basic hue families
False - in the Munsell system, there are 10 basic hue families: 5 major and 5 minor. Red, yellow, green, blue & purple are the major families.
T or False
Hue, value, and chroma are attributes or qualities of a color
True
T or False
A single word can describe a color
False
T or False
According to Munsell a tint is a dark color
False
question: People are more sensitive to the value difference of light value or dark values
dark values
T or False
A shade may indicate any dark color, or any color mixed with black
True
Purple appears in the rainbow
False
What is the 3rd dimension of a color: hue, value or chroma?
chroma
T or False
People are usually referring to chroma when they speak of the purity, strength, intensity or brightness of a color
True
Hue carries the ________ content of color and value carries most of the ____ content, and chroma has an ___________ quality
emotional content, informational content, attention getting quality
T or False
The weakest possible manifestation of a hue is saturation
false - exactly the opposite
Absorbs all wave lenths of light
black
Mark cool colors and warm colors
Orange __, Blue __, Red __, Green ___, Purple ___, Yellow ___
warm: orange, red, yellow
cool: blue, green, purple
Purple can be either warm or cool
When you mix additive colors all 3 primaries together will produce a ____
white
T or False
Two additive colors mixed will produce a lighter color
True
The importance of the value of a color cannot be stressed too much. What is the reason for this importance?
The value relationships among colors carry about ninety percent of the information in any picture.
Which of the following qualities of the Munsell system distinguishes one color family from another, and red from yellow, or green from blue? Hue, color, chroma, shade?
Hue
More individuals name blue as their favoritye color. What color do more individuals name as their least favorite?
Yellow
When adjacent to each other, one color can appear closer in distance to the viewer than another. If a strong pale yellow is placed a djacent to a dark blue which will appear closer?
yellow
Low value yellow is often called __________. High value, low chroma yellow-red is often called ______
olive; beige
T or False
It has been scientifically proven that color can affect emotion or behavior.
False
The human visual system has the ability to make color difference appear relatively stable even when the lighting color has changed. What term is used to describe this ability?
color constancy
A color touching, or especially surrounded by, another color will be adjusted by the visual system to contrast more clearly the surrounding color. What term is used to describe the result of this visual adjustment?
Simultaneous contrast
successive contrast
A color's complement can be seen by staring fixedly at the color then shifting the eyes to another white surface. This iss the term used to describe the afterimage.
Value
Interactions between colors occur to a greater or lesser degree whenever colors are placed next to each other. In which of the following dimensions is therre the largest perceptual change? Hue value chroma color - value
Whever colors do not touch each other or are separated from each other which of the following are emphasized by the visual system?
similarity
The visual affect called color assimilation, the spreading effect and the Van Be'zold effect occurs when colors placed side by side in small dots or very thin stripes look more
alike
T or False
The transparency effect requries the use of transaprent inks, transparent dyes, or theater gels
False
T or False
Architectural elements in Interior Design consist of manipulation of elements of space from strucutre, light texture and color. Color is usually considered first.
False
T or False
Color is an integral part of a design
True
The same color against 2 different color backgrounds appears to change hues
T or False
True
T or False
Changing one color in a scheme does not affecdt the overall scheme
False
T or False
Adjacent colors have little or no effect on each other
False
T or False
To insure colors stay clear and sharp they can be seaprated by a line of black or white
True
T or False
Dark colors seem to make a room smaller
True
T or False
The darker a color the larger a space will appear
False
T or False
Color can simplify and unify a space
True
T or False
Emotional response to color is scientifically proven
False
Architectural details can be _______________ with a different tone.
highlighted
______________ and ____________ are a good place to accent color
Projections and recesses
monotone
A neutral color scheme consists of various tints and shades of a neutral color.
_____________ colors draw attention
accent
color on a ceiling will appear ________ than on a wall.
darker
The larger the area the ________ the color will appear.
darker?
Light value hues advance and _______ while darker values recede
dominate
Mutued or gray colors _________
recede
Cool colors are thought of as ______________ ________.
receding colors
The ___________ size of an area can be altered by color.
perceived
The amount of color used in relation to other colors or elements is ________________
proportion
T or False
A darker floor, medium sofa, lighter walls provide the greatest level of comfort for the largest number of people.
True
T or False
A small color sample accurately shows the color
False - need a larger color sample.
T or False
Squiting the eyes help to gauge color brightness
True
T or False
Holding colors close to you give the best perspective of color viewing
False
T or False
Increasing contrast between elements in a space can give a sense of spaciousness
False - can be either true or false
T or False
Uniformity throughout an entire house can make it seem smaller
True
T or False
Color changes the way objects look
True
T or False
Interior designers work with ______ dimensions and color can enhance this.
three dimensions
T or False
Color is unaffected by light
False
T or False
Monotone and monochromatic are the same
false
Monotone Schemes
Can be very boring
One color, one tone, and one level of saturation throughout.
Red
Is a physical color
Is considered an aggressive, sensual, athletic color
Full Intensity colors
Are powerful and used for startling drama
Equilibrium
When the 3 primary colors are present in the field of vvision, the eye is in a state of equilibrium
Brilliant hue is disturbing to the ______________
equilibrium
Black
considered worldly, dignified, and mysterious.
Symbolizes self-discipline.
Achromatic
When complementary colors are mixed to the visual midpoint between them, the result is an achromatic mixture.
Use the neutrals black, white, grey, and brown.
Analogous scheme
Similar 2 or 3 colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel
Tetrad Schemes
Most challenging scheme to master in color design
Any 2 pairs of complements.
Complementary Colors
Those colors found on opposite sides of the color wheel or contrasting.
A pair can be jarring and fatiguing tot he eye.
red-green, violet-yellow, orange-blue
yellow
Stimulates appetite and increases hostility.
An Intellectual color.
Blue
Is a peaceful color.
Indicate authority and loyalty.
triads
3 equidistant colors on the color wheel.
When muted or lightened can create a very rich, satisfying scheme.
Is considered juvenile and playful when used as a primary color scheme.
Disordant Colors
Give a special effect.
T or False
Muted or lightened colors can create very rich, satisfying schemes
True
T or False
Muted, neutral colors with subtle accents are very popular and comforable
True
T or False
Full intensity colors are sober and dull
False
T or False
Split complimentary are always vibrant and very disturbing
False
T or False
Working with color is always predictable, and always follows a set of rules
False
T or False
Some colors have a complement opposite on the color wheel
False - all colors have a complement on the color wheel
T or False
Colors do not have to be pure hues to be complimentary
True
T or False
Three basic complimentary colors do not share a hue in common
True
T or False
Two complimentary colors placed in juxtaposition will heighten the intensity of both
True
T or False
Monotone schemes are often the simplest to do
True
T or False
Green indicates insecurity
False
T or False
Monochromatic schemes are often the simplest to do
True
T or False
Complimentary color schemes are often the simplest to do
False
T or False
Achromatic colors are genuinely physically restufl
True