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14 Cards in this Set

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Sedentary
Populations that rely on farming and agriculture as their main food source, they don't have to move around to survive. They usually have higher levels of organization and society.
semi-sedentary
Farm some things, but rely a lot on hunting and gathering. Tend to stay in certain areas some times of the year or for a few years until there are no more food sorces.
non-sedentary
relying entirly on hunting and gathering as a food source.
Calpulli
the Nahuatl term for a group of families (or a single large family) that usually had a particular function in the Pre-Columbian society (such as priests, warriors, etc.). A calpulli was, therefore, one of the main social organizations of the Aztec society. Capullis usually controlled land and also operated schools for young men.
Ayllu
were the basic political unit of pre-Inca and Inca life. These were essentially extended family groups but they could adopt non-related members, giving individual families more variation and security of the land that they farmed. They would often have their own huaca, or minor god, usually embodied in a physical object such as a mountain or rock. They were usually led by a chief but could have other political arrangements. Ayllu were self sustaining units and would educate their own offspring and farm or trade for all the food they ate, except in cases of disaster such as El Niño years when they relied on the Inca storehouse system.
Mita/rotary labor
was mandatory public service by society in ancient South America. It was effectively a form of tribute to the Inca government, in the form of labor. During the Inca Empire, public service was required in public works projects such as the building of roads, and military service, and all citizens who could perform this type of labor were required to do so for a number a days out of a year (the basic meaning of the word mit'a is a regular turn or a season). The Spanish also utilized the same form labor system in supplying the workforce they needed for the silver mines, the basis of their economy in the colonial period, abusing the concept of mit'a into what was effectively a form of slavery.
Tenochtitlan
Capitol of the Aztec empire, largly destroyed by the spanish in 1524.
Sedentary
Populations that rely on farming and agriculture as their main food source, they don't have to move around to survive. They usually have higher levels of organization and society.
semi-sedentary
Farm some things, but rely a lot on hunting and gathering. Tend to stay in certain areas some times of the year or for a few years until there are no more food sorces.
non-sedentary
relying entirly on hunting and gathering as a food source.
Calpulli
the Nahuatl term for a group of families (or a single large family) that usually had a particular function in the Pre-Columbian society (such as priests, warriors, etc.). A calpulli was, therefore, one of the main social organizations of the Aztec society. Capullis usually controlled land and also operated schools for young men.
Ayllu
were the basic political unit of pre-Inca and Inca life. These were essentially extended family groups but they could adopt non-related members, giving individual families more variation and security of the land that they farmed. They would often have their own huaca, or minor god, usually embodied in a physical object such as a mountain or rock. They were usually led by a chief but could have other political arrangements. Ayllu were self sustaining units and would educate their own offspring and farm or trade for all the food they ate, except in cases of disaster such as El Niño years when they relied on the Inca storehouse system.
Mita/rotary labor
was mandatory public service by society in ancient South America. It was effectively a form of tribute to the Inca government, in the form of labor. During the Inca Empire, public service was required in public works projects such as the building of roads, and military service, and all citizens who could perform this type of labor were required to do so for a number a days out of a year (the basic meaning of the word mit'a is a regular turn or a season). The Spanish also utilized the same form labor system in supplying the workforce they needed for the silver mines, the basis of their economy in the colonial period, abusing the concept of mit'a into what was effectively a form of slavery.
Tenochtitlan
Capitol of the Aztec empire, largly destroyed by the spanish in 1524.