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14 Cards in this Set

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Goldfish broccoli experiment
even 18 months can give the food the other person showed preference for--shows understanding for other people having different opinions
Deception tasks
even 2.5 or 3 year olds can participate when asked to "trick" someone, and may be better at judging the person's false belief if they are involved with deception
some tasks, such as teaching a new game to someone who is blindfolded show children not having theory of mind until
12 years old
young children may think they have
more control over their thoughts than older children or adults
8 and 10 year olds do not
categorize mental activities in the same way as adults – do not distinguish between comprehension and attention, not as likely to discriminate between different types of memory
children may focus more on
inputs and outputs than on the nature of the mental activity.
general ideas of theory of mind/thinking
• Children’s thinking about mental states and thinking processes (both their own and those of others) is different than adult’s thinking.
• Developments in these areas happen gradually all throughout childhood and are affected by the nature of the individual task.
imposing categories allows us to
group instead of processing every individual thing separately
categorization provides insight to
children's conceptual thoughts
categorization
ability to treat a set of things as somehow equivalent, put in same pile, call by same name, respond in the same way
infants 3-4 months perceptual features
habituation, preferential looking (prefer to look at one that's not in same category of what already looked at)
superordinate, basic level, subordinate
animals, dogs, collies
superordinate contrasts
animals: horse, spider, chicken, fish
vehicles: airplane, motorcycle, truck, train
12-15 month olds, reliable sequence for basic level contrasts, not for superordinate though
20 months, reliable sequence for both
perceptual bases for of conceptual development
may guide (especially early) development of conceptual categories