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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Key figures of Cognitive behavior therapies
Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, Donald Meichenbaum
Key figures of Reality therapy
William Glasser and Robert Wubbolding
REBT Cognitive Behavior Therapy (main emphasis)
stresses role of action and practice against irrational, self-indoctrinated ideas; sees thinking and belief systems as root of problem
Beck's Cogitive Therapy (main emphasis)
insight focused, emphasizes recognizing and changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs
REBT Basic Philosophy
assumes individuals are born with the potential for rational thinking but tend to fall victim to uncritical acceptance of irrational beliefs
REBT- emotions
teaches that our emotions stem mainly from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations
Core of mental/emotional disturbances according to REBT
blame
Main function of REBT therapy
process of reeducation; reorganization of one's self-statements will result in a corresponding reorganization of one's behavior
Know REBT's view of anxiety
stems from internal repetition of irrational sentences
Role of therapist
warm relationships is not essential,
client needs to feel unconditional positive regard,
therapist does not blame
teacher/student relationship
actively practice self-defeating behavior and converting it into rational behavior
Wubbolding's WDEP model
W= wants
D= direction and doing
E= evaluation
P= planning and commitment
WDEP- W (wants)
exploring wants, needs and perceptions
WDEP- D (doing)
focusing on what clients are doing and the direction that this is taking them
WDEP- E (evaluation)
challenging clients to make an evaluation of total behavior
WDEP- P (planning)
assisting clients in formulating realistic plans and making a commitment to carry them out
Reality perspective, five needs that drive us
belonging, power, fun, freedom, survival (psychological needs)
CBM ( Cognitive Behavior Modification)
client's self-verbalizations or self-statements; distressing emotions are typically the result of maladaptive thoughts
Three phases of Meichenbaum's stress inoculation program
conceptual, rehearsal, application
The ABC framework
central to REBT theory and practice;
A- activating event
B- belief
C- emotional and behavioral consequences
D- disputing intervention
E- effect
F- new feeling
arbitrary inferences
making conclusions without supporting and relevant evidence
selective abstraction
consists of forming conclusions based on an isolated detail of an event
overgeneralization
process of holding extreme beliefs on the basis of a single incident and applying them inappropriately to dissimilar events or settings
magnification and minimization
consist of perceiving a case or situation in a greater or lesser light than it truly deserves
personalization
tendency for individuals to relate external events to themselves
labeling and mislabeling
involve portraying one's identity on the basis of imperfections and mistakes made in the past and allowing them to define one's true identity
dichotomous thinking
involves catergorizing experiences in either or extremes
Cognitive methods
disputing irrational beliefs, doing cognitive homework, changing one's language, psychoeducational methods
psychoeducational methods
REBT, therapists educate clients about the nature of their problems and how treatment is likely to proceed
automatic thoughts
personalized notions that are triggered by particular stimuli that lead to emotional responses
category of Beck's Cognitive therapy
insight focused
category of REBT therapy
insight focused