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42 Cards in this Set

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Propositional Theory
Intervention: Build relationships to aid in memory

In formation is stored in memory according to a propositional structure
Associative Network Model
Intervention: Teach client to organize information in clear hierachichal structure to build or rebuild functional networks
Example from class: The OT students are coming. What happens on Thurs. Show pictures who is this and what happens when they come visit.
Schema Theory
Intervention: person must focus on thematic content and try to integrate novel experiences into existing schema-challenge is to determine which schema processes are deficient
4 Data Structures
Paralled Distributed Processing Model
(Would help Annalisa but was not done in therapy)
Knowledge is the connection among units not the units themselves.
"Opposite of schema theory"
Intervention: Teach clients to inhibit responding and to process more before settling on a response ex. rehearse statements before saying them
Schema is....
a body of organized information that summarizes a persons experience and attitudens about any aspect of life
Stimulus-Response Model
GRADUALLY realize solution to problem

Techniques that most consistently solve problems are the ones that the person is most likely to try first in a new problem solving strategy

Intervention: Organize existing strategies into a workable hierarchy and provide new strategies that will be useful in a variety of situations
Gestalt Theory
SUDDENLY realize solution to problem

Good problem solving skill is the ability to reorganize or negotiate either the context or the goal to achieve a solution
Information Processing Model
Humans create mental recipes that will produce solutions to problems
What are the 3 ACTIVE modes for training organizational skills
Category Recall: Force person to recall categories not specifc objects
Self Questioning: What is this the same as?
Adequate Response Time: count to three
What are the 5 passive modes for external organization?
Consistency
Accessibility
Grouping
Seperation:
Proximity
consistency
place for everything
Accessibiity
keeping things most often used physicaly close
Grouping
items commonly used grouped together
Separation
Things kept in distant locations categories or time frames
Proximity
Keep items together near place where used
What are the theories of mental organization
Propositional Theory
Associative Network Model
Schema Theory
Parallel Distributing Model
What are the Theorie of problem solving
Stimulus Response
Gestalt Model
Information Processing Model
What is a FORMULA for problem solving
Set procedure that will ALWAYS work but not necessarily efficient.

It works well in situations where the problem has potentially few solutions or where the same problem recurs
What are STRATEGIES for problem solving?
Rules that may produce a quick result but may not solve the problem
What are the 6 types of strategies?
Trial and error
Action goal
Backward stratgey
Contradiction strategy
Explanation and concensus
Give the problem a rest strategy
Trial and error strategy
Generate and test solutions randomly until one works
Action Goal strategy
two step strategy that requires breaking complex problems into various parts or subgoals
Backward strategy
Reverse of action goal.

First assume goalhas been met then determine what would have been necessary to solve the problem
Contradiction Strategy
Do opposite of what one would normally do to solve the problem "what could i do to make this problem worse"
Explanation and concensus
Explain problem to another person
Give the problem a rest strategy
reduce fatigue and allow solution to surface
What are the 3 barriers to problem solving
Set fixation
Element Fixation
Rigid creativity
S
O
L
V
E
specify the problem
Organize your solution
Listen to Others advice
Vary your solution
Evaluate your solution
What are the therories of concept Learning
Attribute theory
Prototype theory
Exemplar theory
Attribute theory
Assumes that humans define concepts and categories by creating mental list of features

Intervention: Teach client to recognize and mentally list attributes
Prototype Theory
Assumes that people learn and remember the gist or core features of a concept

Intervention: Show concrete examples
Exemplar theory
Reverse of prototype theory

Examples of concepts are stored in memory. Person contiuosly updates these concepts with new instances
Rule learning
Rules are concepts with consequences

Intervention: Teach clients specific behaviors relevant to different social situations, provide simulations
Motor Development
The change in motor behavior experienced over the life span
Motor Control
Ability to organize and control functional movement
Motor Learning
Processes of acquiring motor skills defined as voluntary body or limb movements used accomplish action or task goals, allows motor development to occur
What are the theories under Motor development?
Maturation Theories
Gesells reciprocal weaving
Mcgraws longitudinal perspective
Perceptual Cognitive
Dynamic Systems Theory
What are the theories under Motor Control?
Hierarchical Theories
Feedback and programming
open and closed loop
Program models
Brookes Model
What are the theories under motor learning?
Adams Closed Loop
Schmidts Schema
Systems Models
Dynamic Systems Theory
Which theory is representative of both motor learning and motor development?
Dynamic Systems Theory
What are the 4 major concepts of motor development?
1. Developmental sequence
2. Directional Concepts
3. Mobility and Stability
4. Sensation
Which motor theory is most current and widely accepted
Dynamic Systems theory