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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
conscious recollections of events or facts experienced or learned in the past
declarative memory
occurs when a past experience influences behavior, but we arent aware of it
implicit memory (non-declarative memory)
specific events that have happened to the person
episodic memory
knowledge of the world; no specific memory
semantic memory
degeneration of the brain that eventually results in severe memory deficits
alzheimer's disease
when the initial presentation of a stimulus affects the persons response to the same stimulus when it is presented later
repetition priming
participants are more liekly to rate statements they may have read before as being true, simply because they had been exposed to them before
propaganda effect
our memory for how to carry out highly practiced skills, included under implicit memory
ex: riding a bike
procedural memory
aquiring information and transforming it into memory
the process of recovering previously encoded information
rehearsal that involves repetition w/o any consideration of meaning or making connections to other information
maintenance rehearsal
you think about the meaning of an item or make connections between the item and something you know
elaborative rehearsal
the idea that memory depends on how info is encoded, with better memory being achieved when processing is deep than when it's shallow.
levels of processing theory
distinguising between shallow and deep processing - memory depends on this
depth of processing
involves little attention to meaning
shallow processing
close attention, focusing on an item's meaning and relating it to something else
deep processing
memory is better if you are asked to relate a word to yourself
self reference effect
cues that help a person remember info stored in memory
retrieval cues
the increased firing that occurs in a postsynaptic neuron due to prior activity at the synapse
long-term potentiation (LTP)
the strengthening of neural info
memory consolidation
period of time needed for strengthening to occur
consolidation period
an area in the temporal lobe that consists of the hippocampus and a number of surrounding structures. damage to it causes problems in forming new long-term memories
medial temporal lobe (MTL)
memory persormance is enhanced if the type of encoding that occurs during aquisition matches the type of retrieval that occurs during the memory test
transfer-appropriate processing
we learn information together with it's context
encoding specificity
memory is best if a person is in the same state for encoding and retrieval
state-dependent learning