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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the normal blood pressure ranges for a healthy adult?
100 to 119 systolic
60 to 79 diastolic
what is the normal pulse rate of a healthy adult?
60-90 beats per minute
what is considered to be a high blood pressure?
140/90 and above
what is the normal breaths taken per minute of an adult?
12-20 breaths/minute
what are the first two things you always do if the skill involves interaction with a client?
1. you adress the client by name and introduce your self - maintaining eye contact and facing the client when ever possible.

2. close the privacy curtain
what is the last two steps of every skill?
1. give the client the call light, or place it within easy reach.

2. say, "and at this time I would wash my hands."
During what skills do you have to make sure that the client is in an upright (fowler's) possition?
1. feeding

2. bed pan

3. assisting with ambulation

4. helping client into a wheel chair.
what is the normal - oral - temperature range?
97.6 to 99.6 degrees fahrenheit


36.5 to 37.5 degrees celsius
what is the normal - rectal - temperature range?
98.6 to 100.6 degrees fahrenheit


37.0 to 38.1 degrees celsius
what is the normal - axillary - temperature range?
96.6 to 98.6 degrees farhrenheit


36.0 to 37.0 degrees celsius
what does LTC stand for?
long - term care
what does terminal mean?
it means that the person is expected to die fromthe illness.
what does chronic mean?
it means that the condition is expected to last a long period of time, even a lifetime.
describe acute care.
this is care performed in hospitals for temporary, but serious, illnesses or injuries.
describe assisted living.
this is care provided for persons who need some help with dialy care and possibly medicaitons, but do not need skilled care.
what is home health care?
care provided in a person's home.
what is a hospice for?
it provides care for persons who have six months or less to live.
what is outpatient care?
it is short-term care usually provided for less than 24 hours for persons who have had treatments or surgery.
describe rehabilitation.
This kind of care - is performed by a specially-trained therapist to restore or improve function after an illness or injury.
describe subacute care.
this kind of care is provided by a hospital or nursing home for persons who need more observaton and care than some long-term care facilities can offer.
do LTC facilities have dementia units?
List three tasks that NA's are usually NOT allowed to do.
1. give medications
2. insert/remove tubes
3. change sterile dressings
Medicare is a health insurance program for people ___ years old and older. It also covers people who are __________________________________________________.

; younger - but disabled or ill and cannot work.
medicaid is a medical assistance program for _______ people.
what is the difference between assault and batter?
assult is where you threaten and make a preson feel fearful that he/she will be touched without permission.

battery is when you actually touch a person without his permission.
what should a nursing assistant ALWAYS do Before and After wearing gloves?
Wash your hands!
name 6 tasks that require you to use gloves?
1. handling body fluids

2. anytime you may touch blood.

3. assisting with perineal care

4. giving a massage to a resident with broken skin on his back.

5. preforming mouth care

6. shaving a resident
describe a fracture pan, and when it may be used.
this is a bedpan that is flatter than the regular bedpan.

it is generally used for people who can not move.
what is a suppository?
it is a medication that is given rectally to cause a bowel movement.
when taking a resident down a ramp ina wheelchair, you should:
go backwards, so the resident is facing the top of the ramp.
what do the following signs indicate could be a problem?

- coughing during/after meals
- choking during meals
- dribbling saliva,food, or fluid from the mouth
- food residue inside the mouth/cheeks during and after meals.
- gurgling sound in voice during or after meals or loss of voice.
- slow eating
- avoidance of eating
- spitting out pieces of food
- several swallows needed per mouthful
- frequent throat clearing during and after meals.
these signs and symptoms are indications that the person may have swallowing problems.

It must be reported.