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122 Cards in this Set

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cerebral vascular accident
(CVA) stroke: A sudden rupture or blockage of a blood vessel within the brain causing serious bleeding or local obstruction to circulatory flow in the brain
biohazard bag
a bag in which you place any type of biological waste (soiled linens, etc…)
decubitus ulcer
A bed sore or discolored, open area of skin damaged by pressure
bladder training
A behavioral technique that teaches the patient to resist or inhibit the urge to urinate, and to urinate according to a schedule rather than urinating at the urge
cast
A cast is a shell, frequently made from plaster, encasing a limb to hold a broken bone
cataracts
A clouding of the eye that interferes with light entering the eye.
choking
a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
dehydration
A condition caused by the loss of too much water from the body. Severe diarrhea or vomiting can cause dehydration
diabetes
A condition caused when the body is unable to use insulin to process the glucose (sugar) in the blood properly and so the level of glucose in the blood is too high for good health
delusions
A condition in which the patient has lost touch with reality and experiences hallucinations and misperceptions
aseptic
A condition of being free from germs and infection.
assistive device
a device that offers assistance
clear liquid diet
a diet made up of clear liquids
anxiety
A feeling of apprehension, fear, nervousness, or dread accompanied by restlessness or tension.
diabetes mellitus
A group of disorders in which there is a defect in the transfer of glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into cells, leading to abnormally high levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
anemia
A lower than normal number of red blood cells
depression
a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
dying process
a natural slowing down of the body’s systems
contracture
A permanent shortening of the muscles and tendons adjacent to a joint, which can result from severe, untreated spasticity and interferes with normal movement around the affected joint
diet
a prescribed selection of foods
demanding resident
a resident that demands a lot from staff
disoriented resident
a resident that feels disoriented or confused
confused resident
a resident that is confused
bedpan
a shallow vessel used by a bedridden patient for defecation and urination
bed cradle
A simple metal frame, whose base slips between the mattress and the bed base and the top forms a support cradle for the bedclothes to keep them clear of the feet and legs.
anger
a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance
burnout
A term used to describe feeling worn out and unable to carry on with a stressful activity
communicable
able to communicate
AIDS (HIV)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
activity
action: the state of being active
ADL's
Activities of Daily Living: Activities that are considered an everyday part of normal life.
abdominal thrusts
An emergency technique used to eject an object, such as food, from the trachea of a choking person. The technique employs a firm upward thrust just below the rib cage to force air from the lungs.
clarification
an interpretation that removes obstacles to understanding; OR clearing: the act of removing solid particles from a liquid
body fluids
Any fluid in the human body, such as blood, urine, saliva, sputum (spit), tears, semen, mother's milk or vaginal secretions
cancer
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
disinfection
Any process that destroys or removes disease-causing organisms such as viruses, bacteria or protozoa
cyanotic
appearing blue, due to insufficient oxygen in the blood.
dialysis
artificial removal of waste products from the blood when the kidneys fail
chronic
being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to the body
cyanosis
Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in the bloo
constipation
Bowel movements are infrequent or incomplete
autism
brain disorder that begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood; affects three crucial areas of development: communication, social interaction, and creative or imaginative play
CVA
cerebral vascular accident: stroke
disinfectants
Chemical and other processes used for disinfection
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A progressive lung disease process characterized by difficulty breathing, wheezing, and a chronic cough
bedrest
confinement to bed continuously
converting measures
converting cc to mL or oz to cc
appropriate response
correct answer
coughing excessively
coughling a lot
dysuria
Difficult or painful urination.
dysphagia
Difficulty in swallowing.
discharging resident
discontinuing or allowing a resident to leave our care/facility
DNR
Do Not Resuscitate
constrict
Draw tight or compress at some point
dry skin
dry skin
antiembolic stockings
elastic stockings that help with a residents circulation on their extremities
edema
excessive accumulation of fluid.
dentures
false teeth
bleeding
flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
diarrhea
Frequent and watery bowel movements.
dressing resident
getting a resident dressed
admitting residents
give access or entrance to residents
congestive heart failure
Heart failure caused by loss of pumping power by the heart, resulting in fluids collecting in the body
body alignment
how the torso, limbs, spine,sholders are all in proper alignment
arthritis
Inflammation of a joint(s) causing pain, swelling and stiffness.
avoiding falls
keep away from falling down
aphasia
Loss of ability to speak or understand speech.
confidentiality
means the property that data or information is not made available or disclosed to unauthorized persons or processes
abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body.
adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body.
chest pain
Muscular pain at the point where the ribs meet the chest bone may occur.
Alzheimer's
neurodegenerative disease which results in a loss of mental functions (dementia) due to the deterioration of brain tissue
acute
Occurring suddenly or over a short period of time.
amputees
People/residents that have lost a limb
circulatory system
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels, and the circulation of blood.
dizziness
physical unsteadiness, imbalance, and lightheadedness associated with balance disorders.
care plan
Plan of professional clinical activities developed to implement the treatment plan.
confidential information
private information
Angina pectoris
recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens when some part of the heart does not receive enough blood.
ambulatory resident
resident able to walk
dyspnea
Shortness of breath, difficult or labored breathing.
apical
situated at the tip.
accidents
something going wrong unexpectedly
back strain
strain in the back
axillary temperature
temperature taken from under the arm
contamination
the act of contaminating or polluting
bowel movements
the act of eliminating solid or semisolid waste material from the digestive tract
catheter drainage bag
the bag in which the urine drains into when a patient/resident uses a catheter
basic human needs
the basic needs of humans:
breathing
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
diastolic
The bottom of the two blood pressure numbers. Measures the heart at rest.
call light
The button which the resident/patient will push when in need of something
aspiration
the entry of secretions or foreign material into the trachea and lungs
blood pressure
The force exerted in the arteries by blood as it circulates. It is divided into systolic (when the heart contracts) and diastolic (when the heart is filling) pressures
body language
The gestures, poses, movements, and expressions that a person uses to communicate.
elimination of wastes
the getting rid of wastes
bed height
the height of the bed
dementia
The loss of intellectual functions (such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning) of sufficient severity to interfere with a person’s daily functioning
body mechanics
the mechanics of the function of the various systems of the human body, especially the skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory and nervous systems
bargaining
the negotiation of the terms of a transaction or agreement
central nervous system
The part of the nervous system that includes the brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord.
bed position
the position in which the bed is
bed bath
the process of bathing while in bed
cleaning spills
the process of cleaning up spills
communication
the process of exchanging information and ideas
aging process
the process of systems' deterioration with time
atrophy
The progressive loss of muscle mass, or wasting, caused by reduction in the size or number of muscle cells
documentation
The recording in a permanent format of information derived from conservation activities
denial
The refusal to admit to one's self the truth or reality
affected side
The side of the body that has been/will be affected
blindness
the state of being blind or lacking sight
colostomy
the surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body: for getting rid of body waste (stool)
cardiovascular system
The system composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
bathing
to bathe
ambulation
to walk
abuse
Treating another person with physical or mental cruelty, usually on a regular basis and against their will
disrespectful treatment
treatment that is disrespectful
chemotherapy
Treatment with anticancer drugs.
BID
twice daily
bacteria
Very small, single-celled life-forms that can reproduce quickly
ambulate with assistance
walk with assistance