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12 Cards in this Set

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clause; 2 types
a group of words containing a subject and predicate, and used as a part of a sentence.
independent clauses
Can stand alone. Can make a simple sentence, but exists in a larger sentence with one or more additional clauses, either independent or dependent.
The patient was discharged.
Once her condition improved, the patient was discharged.
dependent or subordinate clauses: 4 types
Do not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone. Is always combined with an independent clause. Like a sentence, it has a verb and subject. The entire clause functions as the noun or modifier.
"Whoever knows the song" may join in.
"As she had guessed," her car was out of gas.
adjective clauses
a dependent clause that functions as an adjective by modifying a noun or pronoun.
The house "where he was born" was still in a very good condition.
relative pronoun
(who, whom, which, or that) often begin an adjective clause. These refer to or are related to a noun or pronoun that has come before, which is called an "antecedent".
relative adjective, pronoun, or adverb does 3 things:
1. Refers to a preceding noun or pronoun.
relative adjective, pronoun, or adverb does 3 things:
2. it connects its clause with the rest of the sentence.
relative adjective, pronoun, or adverb does 3 things:
3. it performs a function within its own clause by serving as the subject, object, etc. of the dependent clause.
noun clauses
a dependent clause that is used as a noun
adverb clauses
a dependent clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb. Often begin with subordinating conjunctions.
common subordinating conjunctions answer how, when, where, why, to what extent, and under what conditions.
after, although, as, as if, as long as, as though, because, before, if, in order that, provided that, since, so that, than, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, whether, while
elliptical clauses
the omitted part of the adverb clause that we imply in our writing and speaking.
I am stronger than you (are).