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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Equative Verbs
S + EV + N

tā shì xuéshēng
He/she is a student.

Lesson 1
Asking Someone's Name
1. qǐngwèn, nín guìxìng? (very polite)

2. xiānsheng, guìxìng?

3. nín jiào shénme míngzi
1. Excuse me (please may I ask) what is your honorable surname?

2. Sir, what is your surname?

3. What is your given name?
Introducing Yourself
wǒ xìng Lín, jiào Lín Guo-guang
My name is Lín (surname) Guo-guang (given name).
2 ways to ask questions
1. adding "ma" to the end of each sentence.

2. Questions can also be formed by using the positive+negative for the verb.
1. nǐ shì Měiguórén ma?

2. nǐ shì bù shì Měiguórén?
Action Verbs
S + neg. + V + O

wǒ bù yào shū
I do not want a book

Lesson 2
Indirect Object
S + neg + V + IO + O

lǎoshī gěi tā bǐ
The teacher gave him a pen.

Lesson 2
Question Words (WH-questions)
1. QW + V + O

2. S + V + QW
In Chinese the word order of the question is the same as the word order of the answer.

1. shéi (or shuí) yào shū - Who wants a book?

2. nǐ yào shénme - What do you want?
Measures (M)
NU + M + N
qī zhī bǐ
7 pens
Every noun has its own measure word. It is very important to know the appropriate measure word for each one.
Money and Prices
NU + M + N
jiǔ kuài qián
9 Yuan
Possession
(Pro)noun + de + Noun
wǒ de péngyou
My friend
Auxiliary Verbs (AV)
S + neg + AV + V + O
wǒ bù yào mǎi bǐ
I do not want to buy pen(s)