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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the properties of Language?
Multilicity of Rule Systems
Language is an identity tool kit
Language is intimately linked to culture
Approx. when do complex sentences emerge?
Around 2-3yrs,

Embedding-RC, subordinate
Does telegraphic speech aid childrens comprehension of language?
No, studies show children do poorly when responding to commands than those who recieve input where fuctor words remain
What evidence is there that syntax aids children's comprehension?
Provide children w/clues to comprehend grammar & distinguish btwn common and proper nouns
What is the relationship between comprehension and production?
Comprehension- Children understand more than they can say
Production- Children can produce utterances which are more sophisticated than they comprehend.
What are two critical transitions in the aquisition of syntax?
1. The transition f/single words to multiple word combo.
2. The transition to complex sentences
What changes signal the childs transition to syntax?
1. The child uses the same word w/different intonation
2.Vertical constructions
3.Phonological regressions
4.1st 50 words are different
Define Language
Code of ideas about the world are represented through a conventional system of arbitrary signals of communication.
How does Moskowitz suggest that children acquire the syntactic rules of language?
Children break down lang. in its simplest parts, then develope rules they need to put it back together. They formulate rules first and apply them across the board.
Languages vary with respect to number of rules they have governing syntax & morphology-explain
Syntax-thru word order to describe things
Isolating-More word order
scrambling-bound morphemes
Why did L. Bloom suggest that a semantically based grammar would be better way to descr. children's early word combo.?
Be better captured by agent-action, possessor-object depending on context
---Like N+V miss distinctions
L. Bloom
Followed child around recording that they said
R. Brown
14 Morphemes
N. Chomsky
Introduced Transformational Generative Grammar (TGG)- way of accounting for linguistic creativity
M. Brain
Developed Pivot Grammar
Before 1950's
Diary Studies- to study contect on child's mind
Cross-Sectional Studies
Late 1950's
Chomsky with TGG-Addition, Deletion, Transposition, Substitution
Derivational Theory of Complexity-Actives were acquired earlier than passives
Early 1960's
Martin Brain developed Pivot Grammar
search for cognitive correlates of language meaning
substantive words
words that represent actual objects
Relational Words
Describe relations between objects-there, up, more, down
Nominal Strategy
Some children being using Nouns in relation to verbs
Pronominal strategy
Use of pronouns w/other verbs or nouns
Rich Interpretation
context which an utterance is produced provides a key for the analyst
Sentential Coordination
2 or more complete sentence are conjoined
phrasal coordination
phrases with in the sentence are conjoined
vertical constructions
multiple single words that are thematically related yet each word is under a seperate intonation contour
Complex sentence
a sentence composed of at least 1 main clause and 1 subordinate clause
Transitive verb
expects a direct object
Intransitive verb
does not expect a direct object