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513 Cards in this Set

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NAME
this is the first degree biological relations
genetics
Genetics is the first (1)
degree biolgical relations
What is the first degree biolgical relations mean?
refers to the mother-father-son-daughter passage of genes
NAME
this refers to the mother-father-son-daughter passsage of genes
first degree biological relations
NAME
this holds significant predispostions toward inherting psychopthology
genetics
Genetics holds significant (1)
predispostions toward inherting psychopthology
Explain w a example what first degree biological relations mean?
if a mother or a father has a certain type of psychopathology ex depression or biopolar disorder the likeihood that his or her child will inhert the predispostion toward the specfic psychopatholgy and other psychopatholgies increases greatly
NAME
a example of this is if if a mother or a father has a certain type of psychopathology ex depression or biopolar disorder the likeihood that his or her child will inhert the predispostion toward the specfic psychopatholgy and other psychopatholgies increases greatly
first degree biological relations
If a mother or father has a certain type of psychopathology such as depression or bipolar disorder then the specfic psychopathology and other psychopatholgies (1)
increases greatly
If a mother or father has a (1) then the specfic psychopathology and other psychopatholgies increases greatly
certain type of psychopathology such as depression or bipolar disorder
T or F
predisposition towards psychopatholgy is the inherticance of the specfic psychopathology
FAlse
is the predispostion towards a psychopathology the interheternicne of the specfic pscyhopathology such as depression?
no
What is the predispostion toward psychopathology such as depression?
is not the inheritance of the actual depression but the actual genetic possibility for the experession of depression
NAME
this is not the inhertiance of the actual depression but the actual genetic possibility for the expression of the depression
predispostion toward psychopathology
the predispostion toward psychopathologyis not the inhertiance of the actual depression but (1)
the actual genetic possibility for the expression of the depression
the genetic predispostion data helps to (1)
when diagonosing children of impaired parents
NAME
this helps to diagnosing children of impaired parents
genetic predispostion data
What does genetic predispostion data help with?
diagnosing children of impaired parents
What helps to make a more accurate diagnoeses?
if you look for more genetic predispostions and the most common disorder w/in the presented symptoms
if you look for more genetic predispostions and the most common disorder w/in the presented symptoms then this helps to (1)
make a more accurate diagnoses
NAME
this is a big money market in mordern day America
psychotropic medications
Psychotropic medications are a big (1)in mordern day America
big money market
Our society wants a (1)
fast cure and want everything now
give a example of how society wants a fast cure and everything NOW (2)
(1)the number of children that are prescirbed amphetamines for ADHD (2)the number of prescribed antidepressants
T or F
there are a great number of children who are prescribed amphetamines for ADHD and people antidepressants
true
NAME
these are a hudge business
psychotropic medications
T or F
psychotrpic medications are more effective than cognitve and other therapies such as counseling
False
Which is more effective psychotrpic medications or cognitve therapies and other therpaies such as counseling?
cognitive therapy and other therapies such as counsling
What are the pros of psycohtropic medications?
provide a "quick recovery" from symptoms
NAME
a pro of this is that they provide a "quick recovery" from symptoms
psycohtropic medications
What are some cons of psycohtropic medications?
they have many extraparmental side effects
NAME
one con of these are that they have many extraparmental side effects
psychotrpic medications
What are extraparamental side effects?
refers to non intended side effects from drugs
NAME
this refers to the non inteneded side effects from drugs
extraparamental side effects
What are some examples of extraparamental side effects? (7)
(1)errectile dysfunction (2)female arousal disorder (3)weight gain (4)dry mouth (5)insomina (6)decreased appetite (7)mania
NAME
examples of this are erectile dysfunction, female arousal disorder, weight gain, dry mouth, insomina, decreased appetite, mania, and several other
extraparamental side effects
What does erectile dysfunction refer to?
impotence
What is female arousal disorder?
refer to the inabililty to produce vaginal lubrication
NAME
this refers to the inabililty to produce vaginal lubrication
female arousal disorder
extraparamental side effects can make (1)
the cliincal picture worse
(1)can make the clinical picture worse
extraparamental side effects
Give a example of how extraparamental side effects can make the clinical picture worse? (3)
lets say a man had low self esteem and he geets diagnosed with depression. (2)he takes Paxii and within seven days of the treatment he is imptent (3)now he has another reason to have low self esteem
T or F
psychosurgery and ECT are used all the time
false
When are psychusurgery and ECT used?
only as a last resort
What does CT stand for?
cognitive therapy
What does CBT stand for?
cognitive behavioral therapy
CBT can also be called (1)
CT
(1)can also be called CT
CBT
NAME
this is based on the premise of the event
CT
CT is based on the (1)
premise of the event
What are the basic compoenents of cognitive therapy? (3)
(1)the event (2)interpretation of an event (3)emotional response
A person's emotional response to a event is often called the (1)
cognitive affective link
NAME
this is also called the cognitive affective link
a persons emotional response to an event
What we think affects (1)
what we feel
What we (1)affects what we feel
think
Our emotional response leads to (1)
action response that is either adaptive or maladaptive
NAME
this leads toan action response that is either adapative or maladaptive
emotional response
What does adaptive refer to?
a healthy action response
What does maladaptive refer to?
an unhealthy action response
NAME
this refers to an unhealthy action response
maladaptive response
NAME
this refers to a health action response
adaptive response
Give a example of a adaptive response?
in response to anger the person decides to go the gym and work off his anger
NAME
a example of this is when in response to anger the person decides to go the gym and work off his anger
adaptive response
Give a example of a maladaptive response?
in response to anger, a person starts yelling at other people and acting agressivly
NAME
a example of this is when in response to anger a person starts yelling at other people and acting agressivly
maladaptive response
Coginitve therapy often targets the (1)
thoughts that precede negative emotions such as anger
NAME
this targets the thoughts that precede negative emotions such as anger
CT
How does CT target the thoughts that precede negative emotions such as anger?
by it helps people to anayalze congnitive content of the thinking behind the emotion for errors or distortions
NAME
this helps people to anazyle the congnitive content of the thinking behind the emotion for errors or distortions
CT
NAME
a example of this is
you believe that "all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me" (2)
a very common belief system of someone with anger management issues and a irrational belief
Give a example of a very common belief system of someone w anger management issues?
you believe that "all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me"
How can the believe that "all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me" lead to emotion for errors or distortions?
the person might assume or misinterpet his or her action disresepect full even if they where not being dispresepctful
Give a example of a irrational belief?
"all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me"
What is a problem with irrational beliefs?
is that they are eventually going to be a danger to myself or someone else
NAME
one problem w this is that they are eventually going to be a danger to myself or someone else
irrational beliefs
Give a example of another distored thinking? (NOTE not the anger one) (2)
a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes that the noise is a burglar or rapist. Her thought immediately leads to the emotion fear (2)in that same scenario w the noise, the women thinks it is a glass she left on the table and it fell which leads to the emotion of feeling silly
NAME
a example of this is a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes that the noise is a burglar or rapist. Her thought immediately leads to the emotion fear
disorted thinking
NAME
a example of this is a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes it is a glass she left on the table and it fell which leads to the emotion of feeling silly
distorted thinking
a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes that the noise is a burglar or rapist. Her thought immediately leads to the emotion fear

(1)What was the event?
(2)what are the emotional response?
(3)What actually happened in the above scenario?
(4)What is the order of emotion?
(1)unexlpained noise
(2)danger-fear
(3)she made an aribitary inference. she made an assumption that an acutally event occured w no facts. The truth is she experienced the emotion as if the event actually occured and there was no evidence to ensure the thought was accurate
(4)situation-unexplained noise then the women veiwed the noised based on her past experience of being raped or robbsed
a example of this is a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes it is a glass she left on the table and it fell which leads to the emotion of feeling silly
(1)What was the event?
(2)what are the emotional response?
(3)what happened in the above scenario?
(4)what is the order of emotion?
(1)unexplained noise
(2)forgetfulness
(3)she made an aribitary inference. she made an assumption that an acutally event occured w no facts. The truth is she experienced the emotion as if the event actually occured and there was no evidence to ensure the thought was accurate
(4)situation-unexaplained noise then the women viewd the noise based on her past experience being clumsy
What is order of emotion?
(1)situation (2)the person views the situation based on a past learning history
T or F
thoughts, emotions, behaviors, social cultural, and physiolgocial processes are all going on at once
true
(1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) are all going on at once
(1)thoughts
(2)emotions
(3)behaviors
(4)social cultural
(5)physiological processes
T or F
thoughts, emotions, behaviors, social cultural, and physiolgocial processes are all going on at once and occur in a linear format
false
Do thoughts, emotions, behaviors, social cultural, and physiolgocial processes occur in a linear format?
no
SCENERIO-
I ask a girl out to dinner and she says no. I immediately think i am loser because people made fun of me, i was riduculed at home, and my first sexual experience was a diseaster. i also think that she would never go out w me anyway, i am geek, that's what I get for trying to get a girl that pretty... This leads me to become sad and embrassed that i even bothered. I then become more introverted, avoid girls, and put myself down

(1)what is the order of emotion?
(2)what is the thought?
(3)what is the emotion?
(4)what is the response?
(1)situation- i ask a girl to dinner and she says no
view of situation based on past expereince - how people made fun of me, i got riducled at home, and my first sexual experience was a disester
(2)thought- i am a loser, she would never go out w me anyway, i am geek thats what i get for trying to a girl that pretty..
(3)emotion-sadness and embrassement
(4)avoidence, self ridcule, and introversion
Why are assesment and diagnosis so important?
bc you must define it in order to treat it
What is assesment?
is the process we use to determine what is wrong w a patient
NAME
this is the process we use to determine what is wrong w a patient
assesment
what is diagnosis?
is the specfic category a patient falls under defining his or her psychotopathology
NAME
this is the specfic category a patient falls under defining his or her psychotpathololgy
diagnosis
What is a mental status exam?
is when the patient is interviewed
NAME
in this test the patient is interviewed
mental status exam
What is the neuropsychological assesment?
is a test used to determine functioning of the brain faculities
NAME
this is a test used to determine the functioning of the brain faculities
neuropsychological assesment
What does malingering mean?
refers to lying
NAME
this refers to lyining
malingering
What is malingering?
lying
NAME
this is lying
malingering
What is the MMPI-2 test?
is a true and false test with a measure of malingering
NAME
this is a true and false test w a measure of malingering
MMPI-2 test
What is the TAT stand for?
thermatic apperception test
Give examples of some assesment tools? (5)
(1)intelligence assesments (2)structured interviews and mental status exams (3)neuropsychological assesments (4)objective tests such as MMPI-2 (5)projective tests such as the infamous Rorshach inkblot and the TAT
NAME
some examples of these include intelligence assesments, structured interviews and mental status exams, neuropsychological assesments, objective tests such as MMPI-2, and projective tests such as the infamous rorsach inkblot and the TAT
assement tools
Given an example of a objective test
MMPI-2
NAME
a example of this is the MMPI-2 test
objective tests
What are some examples of projective tests? (2)
(1)infamous rorchach inkblot test (2)the TAT
NAME
some examples of these include the infamous rorscach inkblot test and the TAT
projective tests
All of the assesment tools have (1)
scales to measure what they purpose to measure or vailidilty scales
NAME
all of these have scales to measure what they purpose to measure or vailidity scales
assesment tools
T or F
some assemnent test are more valid then others
true
In the state of FL, what is the only test that is adimissible in court?
Welscher Intelligence Scale
What is the Welscher Intelligence scale?
is the only test in the state of FL that is adimissible in court
T or F
some courts will allow the MMPI-2 or MMPI-A test in court bc is has an uncanny way of aiding diagnositics and scales to measure people lying and justifying treatment
true
NAME
this is allowed in some courts bc of it'suncanny way of aiding diagnositics and scales to measure people lying and justifying treatment
MMPI-2 or MMPI-A
The diagnostic system is made up of (1)
5 axes
NAME
this is made up of 5 axes
diagnostic system
What is Axis I? (12)
contains (1)mood disorders (2)Childhood disorders (3)psychotic disorders (4)affective disorders mixed with Schizophrenia (5)anxiety disorders (6)cogntivie disorders (7)impulse control disorders (8)kleptomania (9)substane abuse disorders (10)eating disorders (11)facitious disorders (12)disociative disorders
NAME
this contains some of the following disorders: mood disorders, childhood disorders, psychotic disorders, affective disorders mixed w schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, impuslse control disorders, kleptomania, substane abuse disorders ,eating disorders, facitious disorders, and disociative disorders
Axis I
Give some examples of mood disorders that are part of Axis I? (2)
(1)bipolar disorder (2)depression
NAME AXIS
this contains bipolar disorders, and depression
Axis I
NAME
examples of this include bipolar disorder and depression
mood disorder
What are some examples of childhood disorders? (5)
(1)ADHD (2)enruesis (3)pica (4)autism (5)pervaise developmental disorders
NAME
examples of some of these include ADHD, enruesis, pica, autism, pervaise, and developmental disorders
childhood disorders
NAME AXIS

ADHD
axis 1
NAME AXIS
enruesia
1
NAME AXIS
pica
axis 1
NAME AXIS
autism
1
NAME axis
autism
i
NAME AXIS
pervaisve developmental disorders
1
What is enuresis?
urinating on onse self
NAME
this urinating one one's self
enuresis
What is pica?
is the eating of non-nontritional objects such as hair, paste, and crayons etc
NAME
this is the eating of non-nontritional objects such as hair, paste, and crayons etc
pica
What are V codes?
are axis 1 codes that are said to be exacerabate or be etiologically related to the presenting problem such as parent childhood relational problems, malingering, and recent loss of loved one
NAME
this are axis 1 codes that are said to be exacerbate or etiologically related to the presnting problem such as parent childhood relational problems, malingering, and the recent loss of a loved on
V codes
NAME AXIS
mood disorders
1
NAME AXIS
childhood disorders
1
NAME AXIS
psychotic disorders
1
NAME AXIS
schizophrenia
1
NAME AXIS
affective disorders mixed w schizophrenia
1
NAME AXIS
schizoaffective disorder
1
NAME AXIS
congnitive disorders
1
NAME AXIS
dementia
1
NAME AXIS
derlirium
1
NAME AXIS
impulse control disorders
1
NAME AXIS
ADHD
1
NAME AXIS
intermiitent explosive disorder
1
NAME AXIS
kleptomania
1
WHat are some examples of congntive disorders? (2)
(1)demenita (2)delirium
NAME
some examples of these include dementia and delirum
congtintive disorders
What are some examples of impulsive control disorders? (2)
(1)ADHD (2)intermittent explosive disorder
NAME
some examples of these include ADHD, intermitten explosive disorder
impulsive control disorders
What is intermittent explosive disorder?
is the enragement quite disproprotionate to the situation
NAME
is the enragement quite disprprotionate to the situation
intermittent explosive disorder
What is kleptomania?
refers to compulsive stealing
NAME
this refers to compulsive stealing
kelptomania
NAME AXIS
substance abuse disorders
1
NAME AXIS
eating disorders
1
NAME AXIS
anorexia bulimina
1
NAME AXIS
bulimina
1
NAME AXIS
facitous disorders
1
NAME AXIS
dissocative identity disorders
1
NAME AXIS
personaility disorders
2
NAME AXIS
mental retardation
2
What is axis 2?
contains personaility disorders and mental retardation
NAME
this contains personialitly disorder and mental retartdation
axis 2
What does a welshcer IQ score below 70 indicate?
mental retardation
What score on the Welscher IQ test can indicate mental retardation?
70
NAME
a score below 70 on this test can indicate mental retardation
Welscher IQ test
What are personailtiy disorders?
are pervasive patterns of maladaptive behaviors resulting in social, educational, and or occupatioanl functioning
NAME
this are pervasive patterns of maladaptive behvarios resulting in social, educational, and or occuaptioanl functioning
personaility disorders
T or F
you can be 17 and diagnosed w Axis II personaility disorder
false
What is the limiting criteria for being diagnosed with Axis II?
you must be 18 yrs or older
How must you be to be diagnosed with axis II?
18 years or older
T or F
you can clearly see features of Axis II far before age 18
true
Usally people with (1)will have patterns of unstable realtionships, a criminal history, or several other traits
axis II
NAME
people with this axis, usally have patterns of unstable relationship, a criminal hisotry, or several other traits
axis II
What is one thing that most people who have axis II have in commmon?
most people usally have unstable relationhsip or criminal history
What is axis III?
contains medical conditions such as asthma, chronic headaches etc
NAME
this contains medical conditions such as asthema, and chronic headaches etc
axis III
NAME AXIS
medical conditions
III
NAME AXIS
asthma
III
NAME AXIS
chornic headaches
III
What is axis IV?
contains psychosocial stressors such as legal issues and family discord
NAME
this contains psychosocial stressors such as legal issues and family discord
axis IV
NAME AXIS
psychosical stressors such as legal issues and family discord
IV
What is axis V?
contains global assessements of functioning
NAME
this contains global assessments of functioning
axis V
In order for somone to be diagnosed with Axis I or II, they must (1)
clearly have dysfunction in social, educational, or occupational functioning
NAME
in order to be diagnosed with this, someone must clearly have a dysfunction in social, educational, or occupational functioning
axis I or II
Whta is social dysfunction?
is defined as arrests, failure in marriage etc
NAME
this is defined as arrests, failure in marriage etc
social dysfunction
What is educational dysfunction?
is failing grades and suspensions
NAME
this is failing grades and suspensions
educational dysfunctions
What is occupational dysfunction?
is the inabililty to remain employed etc and the inabililty to self sustain
NAME
this is the inabililty to remain employed etc and the inabililty to self sustain
occupational dysfunction
T or F
disorders occur in certain frequency
tru
What does it mean that diagnoses have a specfic prevalence?
it means that disorders occur in certain frequencies
Disordesr occurs in certain (1)
frequencies
Diagnoses have specfic (1)
prevalence
What is the best thing to do when a person has 2 different possibilites of diagnosis?
to go w the most common or more frequent diagnosis
What is the American Psychiartic assocation's def of psychopathology?
as the marked impairment of social, occupational, and or educational functioning, not just symptoms or symptopm clusters
NAME
this defined as " the marked impairment of social, occupational, and or educational functioning, not just symptpoms or symptoms clusters"
the def of psychopathology according to the American Psychiartic assoaction
T or F
every indivdual will have ceratin symptoms as well as indications of mental disorders at times in his or her life
true
T or F
current reserach indicates that more than 50% of Americans will have some sort of mental disorder in thier lifetime
true
current resreach indicates that more than (1)of Americans will have some sort of mental disorder in thier lifetime
50%
current research indicates that more than 50% of Americans will have some sort of (1)during thier lifetime
mental disorder
NAME
this is vary unfortunate and debilating illnesss that robs an invidual of a lot more than "realilty"
psychosis
What are (2) types of symptoms of psychosis?
(1)PS (2)NS
What does PS stand for?
postive symptoms
What does NS stand for?
negative symptoms
NAME
this consist of two symptoms:PS and NS
psychoses
What are PS?
are additive symtpoms added to thier psychotic person
NAME
this are additive symptoms added to thier psychotic person
PS
What are NS?
are things that are taken away from an individual as a result of thier ilnness
NAME
these are things that are taken away from an invidual as a result of thier illness
NS
What are some common bevhaviors and sign of psychosis? (3)
(1)people you see on the street talking to themselves (2)wearing odd clothes such as thermal down coat in Florida heat, and/or a helment (3)hording odd objects in a shopping cart
NAME
some common behavrios that are a sign of this are people you see on the street talking to themselves, wearing old clothes such as thermal down coat in the Florida heat, a helmet, and the hording of odd objects in a shopping cart
psychosis
Why do people wear incongruent clothing such as a heavy coat in the Florida heat?
bc due to the psychoses, thier body's NS has lost the abililty to regulate temperature
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOM
the hording of objects
NS
The hording of objects can be a big indicator of (1)
schizoid or schizotypal personailitly traits
The (1)can be a big indicator of schizoid or schizotypal personaililty traits
hording of objects
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
thought distortions or thought disturbances
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
hallucinations
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
disorganized speech
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
disorganized speech
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
delusions
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
catatonia
PS
What are the different types of hallucinations? (4)
(1)auditory (2)tactile (3)gustatory (4)olfactory
NAME
this has 4 different types: auditory, tactile, gustatory, and olfactory
halluciations
Give a example of a Tactile hallucination?
bugs crawling on the skin
NAME
a example of this is bugs crawling on their sking when there are no bugs
tactile hallucination
What is disorganized speech?
sounds like they are speaking in tongues
NAME
this refers to when they sound like they are speaking in tongues
disorganized speech
What are delusions?
are fixed false beliefs
NAME
these are fixed false beliefs
delusions
Give (2)examples of delusions?
(1)"the aliens are my grapefruit vendor" (2)the CIA is coming to get me
NAME
a example of this is "the aleins are my grapefruit vendor"
delusions
NAME
an example of this is the "CIA is coming to get me"
delusions
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
Catatonia
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
delusions
PS
What is catatonia?
is identified by waxy movements or empty stares and the inabililty to move
NAME
this is indentifed by waxy movements or empty stares and the inabililty to move
catatonia
What is dopamine?
is a very imporant neurotransmitter in pleasure or movement
NAME
this is a very important neurotransmitter in pleasure or movement
dopamine
What are (2)hypothesis was to why catatonia occurs?
(1)
What are (2) hypothesis as to why SCZ occurs?
(1)some feel that it is a reaction to pathological bonding relationship w the mother cuasing a perceptual split (2)is that the brain ventricles in the brain are much larger in schizophernic patients which causes other brain regions to be smaller including the prefrontal cortex. It is hypothezed that the dopamine causes erratic neuron firing cuasing PS hallicintions in possibly all of four senses
NAME
one hypothesis as to why this occurs is becauase is that the brain ventricles in the brain are much larger in schizophernic patients which causes other brain regions to be smaller including the prefrontal cortex. It is hypothezed that the dopamine causes erratic neuron firing cuasing PS hallicintions in possibly all of four senses
SCZ
NAME
one hypothesis as to why this occurs is becauseof a reaction to pathological bonding relationship w the mother cuasing a pereceptual split
SCZ
What does SCZ stand for?
schizophrenia
What are the brain ventricles?
are the butterfly looking pattern that holds cerebral spinal fluid in the brain
NAME
are the butterfly looking pattern that holds the cerebral spinal fluid in the brain
brain ventricles
What is prefrontal cortex?
is a hudge portion of the brain that is reaility and conscious based
NAME
this is hudge portion of the brain that is reality and conscious based
prefrontal cortex
Poisions and drugs are most likely assoicated w (1)
gustartory and tactile hallucinations
NAME
these are most likely associated w gustartory and tactile hallucinations
poisions and drugs
Inviduals with schizphrenia also tend to have an increase in (1)
dopamine
inviduals w (1)also tend to have an increase in dopamine
schizophrenia
What is blunted affect?
is the minimial range of emotional expression no facial expression, or monotone
NAME
this is the minimial range of emotional expression, no facial expression, or monotone
blunted effect
What is the inappropriate affect?
refers laughing when they speak of a death of a loved one
NAME
refers to laughing when they speak of a death of a loved one
inappropriate affect
What are some symptoms of psychosis? (7)
(1)hallucinations (2)disorganized speech (3)delusions (4)catatonia (5)blunted affect (6)inappropriate affect (7)loose associations
NAME
some symptoms of this are hallucinations, disprganized speech, delusions, catatonia, blunted affect, inappropriate affect, and loose assocations
psychosis
T or F
you do not need to has PS in order to have schizophrenia
False
you must have (1)in order to have schizophrenia
PS
You must have PS in order to have (1)
schizophrena
How long does schizophreniform last for?
at least 1 month but not more than 6
How long does schizophrenia last for?
occurs after 6 months of schizophreniform
NAME
this occurs after 6 months of schizophreniform
szhizophrenia
What is schizoaffective disorder?
is psychoses and a mood disorder
NAME
this is a psychoses and mood disorder
schizoaffective disorder
T or F
schizoaffective disorder can be major depression mixed w psychosis
true
schizoaffective disorder can be (1)mixed w (2)
(1)major depression mixed w psychosis
What is the difference btwn mood disorder with pscyhoctic features and schizoaffective disorder ? (2)
(1)mood disorder w psychotic feature patients only have psychosis during a distinct mood episode (2)schizoaffective disorder has the diagnostic for schizpohrenia and mood disorder while having psychotic features even w/out the mood symptoms but have distinct mood episodes during schizophrenia
What is the difference btwn mood disorder with pscyhoctic features and schizoaffective disorder ? (2)
(1)mood disorder w psychotic feature patients only have psychosis during a distinct mood episode (2)schizoaffective disorder has the diagnostic for schizpohrenia and mood disorder while having psychotic features even w/out the mood symptoms but have distinct mood episodes during schizophrenia
What is the difference btwn mood disorder with pscyhoctic features and schizoaffective disorder ? (2)
(1)mood disorder w psychotic feature patients only have psychosis during a distinct mood episode (2)schizoaffective disorder has the diagnostic for schizpohrenia and mood disorder while having psychotic features even w/out the mood symptoms but have distinct mood episodes during schizophrenia
NAME
people with this type of disorder only have psychosis during a distinct mood epsiode
mood disorder with pscyhoctic features
NAME
people with this have the diagnostic for schizpohrenia and mood disorder while having psychotic features even w/out the mood symptoms but have distinct mood episodes during schizophrenia
schizoaffective disorder
What kind of treatment do psychotics benfit the most from?
case management
Why do psychotics benfit more from case mangement treatment ?
bc the mangement provides them w aid for basic living skils the psychotic invidual is unable to provide autonomously especially during the active psychoses
are psychotics always actively psychotic?
no
T or F
psychotics are always actively psychotic
false
What can trigger psychosis? (4)
(1)stress (2)drugs (3)the wrong meds (4)not taking thier medications (5)
NAME
this can be triggered by stress, drugs, taking the wrong medications or not taking thier medications
pyschosis
How is psychoses treated?
w mediaction
Psychoses muct be treated (1)
with medications
What is transference?
is the process by which emotions and desires originally associated w one person such as parent or sibling are unconsicously shifted to another person especially the anaylst
NAME
this refers to process by which emotions and desires orginally associated w one person such as the parent or sibling are unconsicously shifted to another person espically the anyalst
transference
What is countertransference?
is the therapist's own feeling and or thoughts are placed on the patient interfering w the therapy
NAME
is the when the therapist's own feelings and or thoughts are placed on the patient interfering w the therapy
countertransference
NAME
a example of this is a female therapist is treating a male patient that is chaunvinstic and has no respect for women. He is mean, abusive, and rotten to all women in his life. The therapist makes statements and value judegements about the male patient and is unable to perform adequate therapy w/out bias bc of the contempt for the actions and rude nature of the patient. her actions of letting her feelings interfere w the therapy are a classic example of this (1)
countertransference
T or F
all of the defense mechanisms are in our lives
true
are all of the defense mechanism are in our lives?
yes
When do the defense mechanisms become pathogical?
when the uses of them cause social, educational, and or occupational functioning
NAME
this become pathogical when the uses of them cause social, educational, and or occupational functioning
defense mechanisms
T or F
all of the defense mechanisms are automatic or unconsisious
false
the defesne mechanisms can be (1), (2), or (3)
(1)automatic (2)unconscious (3)premediated
What is behvariorism?
is the basic stimulus, response, and reinforcement
NAME
this is a basic stimulus, response, and reinforcement
behaviorism
Many therpaists use the (1)method to treat psychopathology
behvaviorist
Many therapist use the behavorist method to treat (1)
psychopathology
for what patients is the behavorist method most used? (3)
(1)mentally handicapped patients (2)children (3)or criminals
NAME
this treatment method for psychopathology is most used espically for mentally handicaped patients, children, and/or criminals
the behaviorist
NAME
this is good for changing behavior
the behaviorism method
What is the behvarism method espically good for?
changing behavior
Behaviroism is good for (1)
changing bevhavior
What is a negative thing about behaviorism?
is that when reinforcement is not present or when the RF is no longer "effective" the bevhavior continoues
NAME
one bad thing about this is that when reiforcement is not present or when the RF is no longer effective the behvavior continoues
behaviorism
What happens with behaviorism when the person who gives the negative consquence of the behavior is not there?
the behavior continoues
Give a example of a negative reinforcement used in behaviorism in the penal system
jail, probation etc
Behvaroism models that the behvaior of (1)
animals
NAME
this models the bevhavior of animals
bevhaorism
What is the humanistic approach?
targets the complex and heiracherically superior functioning of the human being
NAME
this appraoch was developed to target the complex and hiehgacherically superior functioning of the human being
humanistic appraoch
Because of today's society, many therapist are forced to (1)
justifty treatment in order to pre approved for payment (2)treat certain disorders w/in a alloted amount of time
NAME
this is a tentative statement about the relationship btwn variables
hypothesis
What is a hypothesis?
a eduacted guess
NAME
this is a educated guess
hypothesis
in order to test your hypothesis you must compile a (1)
research design
What is the first step of a resreach design?
to make your hypothesis testable by making it subjective, objective, and measurable in numbers
NAME
the first step of this is to make the hypothesis testable by making it subjective, objective, and measureable in numbers
reserach design
Why is random sampling important?
bc it allows for an equal chance of confounding variables to be evenly distrubted
NAME
this is important because it allows for a equal chance of confounding variables to be evenly distrubed
random sampling
What is internal vailidity?
refers to does the design measure what it is suspoed to measure?
NAME
this refers does the design measures what is suposed to measure?
internal vailidity
What are (2) types of vailidity?
(1)internal (2)external
What is external valilidty?
refers to how can this stuff be used and applied to other settings
NAME
this refers to how this stuff can be used and applied to other settings
external vailidity
External vailidity is just another name for (1)
generalizability
NAME
another name for this is external vailidity
generalizability
WHat is the indepedent variable?
is a manipulated variable
NAME
this is the manipulated variable
indepedent variable
What is the depedent variable?
is the measured variable
NAME
your hypothesis is "i think women are smarter than men" and you are measuring this by collecting data on female and males GPAs
(1)what is the indpedent variable?
(2)what is the dependent variable?
(1)male or female (2)GPA
NAME
this is the measured variable
dependent variable
T or F
is correlation is caustion
false
Is correlation causation?
NO
What is a confouding variable?
are things that may effect the results of the study but have nothing to with the actual measurement
NAME
are things that may effect the results of the study but have nothing to do w the actual measurement
confounding variables
NAME
a example of this is for testing your hypothesis you discover that all of the women in the study were white and most of the men in another country smoked marijjuana.
confounding variable
In a research design, you want to eliminate all (1)variables such as (2)
(1)confoudning (2)drug use, race , and many others
What is major depressive disorder?
is defined as having one or more depressive espisodes
NAME
this is defined as having one or more depressive episodes
major depressive disorder
One depressive episode has a diagnostic code of (1)but is not considered (2)
(1)major depression (2)major depressive disorder
NAME
this is recurrent depressive episodes
major depressive disorder
What is the symptoms for major depressive disorder? (11)
(1)at least one of the following symptoms:depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure (2)5 or more of the following symptoms have been present during the same 2 week period and prepresent a change from previous functioning NOTE in children can be irrtiable mood (3)depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day as indicated by others(4)markeldy diminished interest or pleasure in all or almost all activites, activites most of the day, nearly every day (5)siginifcant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain (change of more than 5% body weight in a month) or decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day NOTE: in children consider faliure to make expected weight gains (6)insomnia or hypersomina nearly every day (7)psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day observed by others (8)fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day (9)feelings of worthlness or excessive or inappropriate guilt(which may be delusional) nearly every day (10)diminished ability to think or concentrate or indecsiveness, nearly every day (11)recurrent thoughts of death (not just fearing of dying), recurrent sucidal ideation w/out specfic plan or sucide attempt or specfic plan for commiting sucide
NAME DISORDER
Five or more of the following symptoms have been present during the same 2 week period and prepresnt a change from previous functioning: at least one of the symptoms is either depressed mood or loose of intereast in pleasure

Thos symptoms include (1)depressed mood most of the day as indiacted by either subjsective report or observation NOTE in children can be irrtiable mood (2)markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all or almost all activites most of the day, nearly every day (3)siginficant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain (change from more than 5% of the body weight in month) or decrease or increase in appetite or observeations made by others NOTE in children, consider failure to make expected weight gain (4)insomina or hypersomina nearly every day (5)psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day observed by others (6)fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day (7)feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt (which may be delusional) nearly every day (not merly self approach or guilt about being sick) (8)diminshed ability to think or concentrate or indecisveness, nearly every day (9)recurrent thoughts of death (not just fear of dying), recurrent sucidial ideation w/out a speacfic plan or sucide attempt or sucide plan
major depressive disorder
What are the limiting criteria for major depressive disorder or episode? (4)
(1)the symtpoms do not meet the criteria for a mixed episode (2)the symptoms cause clinically signitcant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning (3)the symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (4)the symptoms are not better accounted by Bereavement, the symptoms persist for longer than 2 months are or characterized by marked functional impairment, morbid preoccupation w worthlessness, sucidal ideation, psychotic symptoms, or psychomotor retartdation
If a person has major depressive disorder but als ohave a manic, hypomanic, or mixed episode then the diagnosis is (1)
bipolar disorder
T or F
If a person has more than one depresive episode and has manic, hypomanic, or mixed episode then the diagnosis is major depressive disorder
false
NAME
if a person pervasive pattern of hypomanic episodes w,out any epusodes of depression of a full manic epsidoe then diagnosis is (1)
cyclothymia
T or F
if a peron has a pervasive pattern of hypomanic epsisodes w episodes of depression of a full manic epsisode then diagnosis is cyclothymia
false
What is the major reason why bipolar disorder is different from major depression?
an invidual must not have manic episode if they are to be diagnosed w major depression
an invidual must not have a (1)if they are to be diagnosed w major depression
manic, hypomanic or mixed episode
Once a manic, hypomanic, or mixed episode occurs w depression and mania concurrently the diagnosis is no longer (1) but (2)
(1)major depression disorder (2)bipolar disorder
Once a (1)episode occurs w (2) concurrently the diagnosis is no longer major depression disorder but bipolar disorder unless there is schizophrenia
(1)manic, hypomanic or mixed episode (2)depression and mania
An invidual must not have a manic, hypomanic, or mixed episode to be diagnosed w (1) unless there is (2)
major depression (2)schizophrenia
What is the major differ btwn a hypomanic and manic episode?
the duriation of the time
What is the differ btwn a hypomanic and manic episode? (2)
(1)the mood disturbance lasts at least one week (2)the mood disturbance lasts for at least 4 days
What is the differ btwn a hypomanic and manic episode (2)
(1)the mood disturbance lasts at least one week (2)the mood disturbance lasts for at least 4 days
What is a manic episode?
is a distinct period of abnormally and perisistently elevated, expanisve or irritable mood lasting at least 1 week
NAME
this is a distinct period of abnormally, and perisistently elevated, expansive or irrtiable mood lasting at least 1 week
manic episode
What are the symptoms of a manic episode? (7)
during the period of the mood distubrance three or more the following symptoms have perisisted and have been present to a significant degree

(1)inflated self esteem or grandiostiy (2)decreased need for sleep (feels rested after only 3 hours) (3)more talkative than usaul or pressure to keep talking (4)flight of ideas or subjective expereince that thoughts are racing (5)distractibility (6)increase in goal directed activity (either socially, at work or school or sexually) or psychomotor agitation (7)excessive involvement in pleasurable activties that have a high potential for painful consequences such as engaging in unrestrained buying sprees, sexual indiscretions, or foolish business investments)
NAME
during the period of this epsidoe, 3 or more of the following symptoms have presisted and have been present to significant degree
(1)inflated self esteem
(2)decreased need for sleep
(3)more talkative than usual or pressure to keep talking
(4)flight or ideas or subjective experience that thoughts are racing
(5)distrabililty (6)increase in goal directed activity (either socially, at work or school, or sexually) or pscyhomotor agitation (7)excessive invovlement in pleasureable activites that have a high potential for painful consquences such as engaging in unrestrained buying sprees, sexual indiscretions, or foolish business investments
manic episode
What is the limiting criteria for a manic episode? (3)
(1)the symptoms do not meet the criteria for a mixed episdoe (2)the mood distrubance is sufficiently severe to cuase marked impairment in occupational functioning or in usual social activites or relationships w others, or to necessitate hosptialization to prevent harm to self or others or there are psychotic features (3)the symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance, or a general medical condition
What is grandiosity?
increased self esteem
NAME
this refers to increased self esteem
grandiosity
What is distractibility?
is attention too easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevenat external stimuli
NAME
this is when attention is too easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevenant external stimuli
distractibility
What can some manic disorder be caused by? (3)
(1)anitdepressents (2)electroconuslive therapy (3)light therpay (4)
What are the different types of manic epsiodes?
(1)X1 (2)X2 (3)X3 (4)X4 (5)x5 (6)X6 (7)X0
What is X1 manic episode?
refers to MILD with minium symptoms criteria are met for a manic epsidoe
NAME
this refers to a mild manic episode w a minimum symptom criteria are met for a manic episode
X1 manic episode
What is X2 manic episode ?
is a moderate manic episode-- with an exterme increase in a activity or impairment in judgement
NAME
this refers to moderate manic episode w an exterme increase in a activity or impairment in judgement
X2 manic episode
What is X3 manic episode?
refers to severe w/out psychotic features and almost continual supervision required to prevent physical harm to self
NAME
this is a severe manic episode w/out psychotic features--almost continual supervision required to prevent physical harm to self
X3 manic episode
What is X4 manic episodes?
refers to severe w psychotic features such as delusions or hallucinations
NAME
this refers to severe w psychotic features such as delusions or hallunications
X4 manic epsiodes
What are 2 types of X4 manic episode? (2)
(1)mood congruent psychotic features (2)mood-incongruent psychotic features
NAME
this has two divisions: mood congruent psychotic features and mood-incongruent psychotic features
X4 manic episodes
What is mood congruent psychotic features?
refers to delusions or halllucations whose content is entierly consistent w typical manic themes of inflated worth, power,knowledge, idenitity, or speacil relationship to a deity or famous person
NAME
this refers to delusions or hallucations whose content is entierly consistent w typical manic themes of inflated worth, power, knowledge, identiy, or speacil relationship to deity or famous person
mood congruent pscyhotic features
What is mood incongruent psychotic features?
refers to delusions or hallucinations whose content does not inolve typical manic themes of inflated worth, power, knowledge, identiy, or speacil relationship to a deity or famous person.
NAME
this refesr to delusions or hallucinations whose content does not involve typical manic themes of inflated worth, power, knowledge, idneity, or a speacil relaltionship w diety or famous person. Included as such symptoms as percutory delusions, thought inseration, and delusions of being controled
mood incongruent psychotic features
What is x5 manic episode?
refers to in partial remission of manic episode w symptoms a presense of symptoms but full criteria is not met or there is period w/out any signifcant symtpoms of a manic episode lasting less than 2 months following the end of a manic episode
NAME
this refers to in partial remission of manic episode w symptoms a presense of symptoms but full criteria is not met or there is period w/out any signifcant symtpoms of a manic episode lasting less than 2 months following the end of a manic episode
X5 manic episode
What is x6 manic episode
refers to full remission manic episode in which during the past 2 months no signficant signs or symptoms of the disturbance were present
NAME
this refers to full remission manic episode in which during the past 2 months no significant signs or symptoms of the disturbance were present
x6 manic episode
What is x0 manic episode>
refers to unspecfied manic episode
NAME
this refers to unspecfied manic epsidoe
x0 manic epsiode
What is hypomanic episode?
refers to the distinct period of persistently elevated, expanisve or irritable mood lasting throughout the 4 days that is clearly different from the usual non depresed mood
NAME
this refers to a distinct period of peristently elevated expansive or irrtiable mood lasting throughout the 4 days that is clearly different from the usual non depressed mood
hypomanic episode
What is the differ btwn hypomanic and manic epsidoes? (2)
(1)hypomanic episodes lasts at least 4 days (2)manic episdoes lasts at least a week
What is dysthymic disorder?
refers to a depressed mood for most of the day, for more days for at least 2 years NOTE in children mood can be irrtable and duration must be at least 1 year
NAME
this refers to a depressed mood for most of the days for more days but is not major depressive disorder
dysthymic disorder
What are the symptoms of dysthymic disorder? (6)
the presence, while depressed, of two or more of the following
(1)poor appetite or overeating
(2)insomnia or hypersomnia
(3)low energy or fatigue
(4)low self esteem
(5)poor concentration or diffucilty making decisions
(6)feelings of hopelessness
NAME
its symptoms include the presence, while depressed of two or more of the following symtpoms;
poor appetite of overeating
(2)insomnia or hypersomnia
(3)low energy or fatigue
(4)low self esteem
(5)poor concentration or diffucility making descions
(6)feelins of hopelessness
dysthymic disorder
What is the limiting criteria for dusthmymic disorder? (6)
(1)during the 2 yr period (1 yr for children) of the disbturbance, the person has never been w/out the symptoms for more than 2 months at a time (2)no major depressive epsidoe has been present during the first 2 years of the disturbance (1 year for children) or the disturbance is no accounted for by chornic major depressive disorder or major depressive disorder (3)there has never been a manic episode, a mixed episode, or hypomanic episode and criteria have not met cyclothymic disorder (4)the disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of the chronic psychotic disorder such as schizophrena or delusional disorder (5)the symptoms are not due to the direct effects of a substance or a general medical coniditon (6)the symptoms cause clincally sigficant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas
What is early onset dysthemic disorder?
if onset is before age 21 years
NAME
this is when dysthemic disorder is before age 21 years old
early onset dysthemic disorder
What is late onset dysthemic disorder?
this is when dysthemic disorder is at age 21 or older
NAME
this is when dysthemic disorder is at age 21 or older
late onset dysthemic disorder
What is cyclothymia ?
is the presence of numerous periods w hypomanic and depressive symptoms w/out major depressive disorder
NAME
this is when for at least 2 years, the presence of numerous periods w hypomanic symptoms and numerious periods w depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for major depressive epsiodes (NOTE the duration is 1 yr for children)
cyclothymia
What is the limiting criteria for cyclothymia? (6)
(1)during the 2 yr period (1 yr for children) the person has not been w/out symtpoms (2)there has been no major depressive, manic, or mixed episodes during the first 2 years (3)the symptoms are not better accounted for by schizoaffective disorder and are not superimposed by schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, delusional disorder, or psychotic disorder (4)the symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical conidtion (6)the symptoms cause clinically siginifcant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning
T or F
after the 2 years (1 year for children) of cyclothymic disorder, there may be superimposed manic or mixed episodes, then the diagnosis is bipolar I disorder and cyclothymic disorder
true
After 2 years ( 1 yr for children of (1),there may be (2)then the diagnosis is bipolar disorder I and cyclothyma
(1)cyclohtymic disorder (2)superimposed manic or mixed episodes
After 2 years (1 yr for children ) cyclothymic disorder, there may be superimposed manic or mixed episodes, the then the diagnosis is (1)
bipolar disorder I and cyclothymic disorder
After 2 years (1 yr for children) ofcyclothymic disorder, there may be major depressive epsodes then the diagnosis is (1)
bipolar II disorder and cyclothymic disorder
After the inital 2 year period of cyclothymic disorder, the person can have (1)episodes
superimposed manic or mixed episodes or major depressive episodes
After the inital 2 year period of cyclothymic disorder, can a person have a superimiposed manic or mixed episode or major depressive episodes?
yes
T or F
Before the inital 2 yr period of cyclothymic disorder, a person can have a superimposed manic or mixed episode or major depressiv e disorder
false
What kind of disorders are bipolar, mania, and cyclothymia?
cyclic disorders
What are some of the different type of cyclic disorders? (3)
(1)bipolar (2)mania (3)cyclothymia
NAME
examples of this type of disorder include bipolar, mania, and cyclothymia
cyclic disorder
What is cyclic disorder?
refers to moods that often cycle and are often indistinguishable
NAME
this refers to moods that are often cycle and are often indistinguishable
cyclic disorder
NAME
this is an illness and a disability and much more severe than hundreds that posses the diagnosis inaccurately
bipolar disorder
NAME
this is brain disorder
major depressive disorder
What kind of disorder is major depressive disorder?
brain disorder
Major depressiv disorder is a (1)
brain disorder
What does the SPECT scan show when looking at people w major depression?
decreased lefts perfrontal crotex activity and also excessive deep limbic system activity
NAME
when people w this disorder are veiwed w SPECT scan, its shows that decreased left prefrontal cortex activity and also ecvessive deep limbic system activity
major depression disorder
Why is major depressive disorder considered a brain disorder?
when people w this disorder are veiwed w SPECT scan, its shows that decreased left prefrontal cortex activity and also excessive deep limbic system
What is SPECT scan?
is scan that looks at the brain's activity and metabolic bloodflow
NAME
this is scan that looks at the brain's activity and metabolic bloodflow
SPECT flow
What is the left prefrontal cortex?
is the brain region responsible for regualting the limbic system
NAME
this is the brain region responsible for regulating the limbic system
left prefrontal cortex
What is the excessive deep limbic system?
is the area where negative thoughts, the fight or flight response, attachment as well as the sex drive, and disturbances in food intake as well as sleep disturbances
NAME
this is the area where negative thoughts, the fight or flight response, attachment as well as the sex drive, and disturbances in food intake as well as sleep disturbances
excessive deep limbic system
How must bipolar disorder be treated?
w psychtropic medications
How is major depressive disorder best treated?
w cogntive therapy and sometimes concomittant at the same time w pscyhotropic medications
T or F
usally inviduals w dysthemic disorder have the same types of symptomatology as those w major depression except major depressive disorder have more intances of sucidal ideations and attempts
true
usally inviduals w dysthemic disorder have the same types of symptomatology as those w major depression except major depressive disorder have more intances of (1)
sucidal ideations and attempts
NAME
this is a rapid cycling of hypomanic episodes w/ out meeting criterion for major depressive episodes
cyclothymia
NAME
this is schizophrenia coupled w bipolar disorder and or major depressive disorder
schizoaffective disorder
What is anxiety?
is an inaccurate appraisal of danger
NAME
this is an inaccurrate appraisal of dange
anxiety
What do PTSD, GAD, and OCD have in common?
they all have fear involved
NAME (3)
all of these anxiety disorder have on thing in common: fear
(1)PTSD (2)GAD (3)OCD
For PTSD, what is the fear?
is the fear of a past fear
NAME
there involves a fear about a past fear
PTSD
For GAD, what is the fear?
a fear about everything
NAME
this inovles are fear about everything
GAD
What does GAD stand for?
generalized anxiety disorder
What are (3) types of anxiety disorders?
(1)PTSD (2)GAD (3)OCD
NAME
some examples of this include PTSD, GAD, and OCD
anxiety disorders
For OCD, what is the fear?
the fear of not making things perfect
NAME
this involves a fear of not making things perfect
OCD
When refering to fear, what is it refering to in relation to anxiety disorders?
refer to more the overwheleming worry or the overwelming need to accommodate the anxiety by some bevhavior (flight, fight, cower, ingore etc)
NAME
this is more talking about the overwheleming worry or the overwelming need to accomdate the anxiety by some bevhavior such as fight, flight, cower, and ingore
fear
How are anxiety and depression releated?
by research shows most patients have both depression and anxiety together
Research shows that most patients have both (1)and (2)together
depression and anxiety
IF a person has depression the most likely also have (1)
anxiety
Research shows the people that have anxiety also have (1)
depression
SPECT scans reveal that certain brain regions are inovled in most (1)
anxiety disorders
What do SPECT scans reveal about anxiety disorders?
that certain brain regions are inovled in anxiety disorders
What are brain regions are involved in anxiety disorders? (3)
(1)anterior cingulate gyrus (2)basal gangila (3)deep limbic system
NAME
the brain regions inovled in this disorder are anterior cincgulate gyrus, basal gangila, and deep limbic system
anxiety disorders
What is the anterior cingulate gyrus?
is the brain's gear shifter meaning it allows one to be flexible in a cogntive way
NAME
this is the brain's gear shifter meaning it allows one to be flexible in a congnitive way
anterior cingulate gyrus
What are people with a overactive anterior cingulate gyrus like?
they tend be stuck in a negative, anixous, very oppositional, very rigid thoughts and arugmentative (2) do not feel they are wrong nor will they accept being wrong (3)have substance abuse problems and eating disorders
NAME
people with this tend to be stuck in a negative, anixous, very oppositional, very rigid thoughs and arugmentative, do not feel they are wrong nor will they accept being wrong, and have substance abuse problems and eating disorders
overactive anterior cingulate gyrus
What is basal gangilia?
are a set of large brain structures that coordinate thoughts and movements
NAME
these are a set of large brain structures that coordinate thoughts and movements
basal gangilia
NAME
people that have this are high strung people, people that bite thier nails, people that have racing thoughts etc
overactive basal gangila
What are people like w overactive basal gangila? (3)
idling level meaning high strung people (2)people that bite thier nails, (3) people that have racing thoughts
What are people that have a underactive basal gangila like?
lazy and slothful inviduals
NAME
people that are lazy and slothful inviduals may have this
a underactive basal gangila
NAME
the fight or flight response come from here
the deep limbic system
the deep limbic system is where the (1)comes from
fight or flight
What does the front of the hypothalamus do?
it activates parasympathetic nervous system
NAME
this activates the PNS
front of the hypothalamus?
What does the back of the hypothalamus do?
activates the arousal and fight or flight response
NAME
this activates the arousal and fight or flight reponse
back of the hyptholamus
What is the differ btwn the front and back of the hypothalamus?
(1)front activates the PNS (2)back actitavtes the arousal and fight or flight response
NAME
many primitiave kill or be killed thoughts and emotions are thought to come from this region and where the emotional bonding is
deep limbic systems
The deep limbic systems is thought to be where the (1)orginate from and where (2)is located
(1)primitive kill or be killed thought and emotions (2)emotional bonding
What is someone w a overactive deep limbic system? (2)
they tend to have a large automatic negative thought content (2)tend to interpret things in a hostile way or negative and pessimistic
NAME
people w this tend to have a large automatic negative thought content and tend to interpet things in a hostile way or negative and pesssimstic
a overactive deep limbic system
What does PTSD stand for?
Post Traumatic stress disorder
For PSTD, what brain regions are affected (3)
(1)overactive anterior cingualte gyrus (2) overactive basal gangila, (3) overactive deep limibic system
NAME
this refers to inviduals who tend to have overactive anterior cingulate gyrus, overactive basal gangila, and finally in overactive deep limbic system
PTSD
What is like for people who have PTSD? (3)
these inviduals often get stuck in interpreting danger as if it were continually happening (2)thier physical startle reponse is elevated (3)they are constantly reminided of the trauma because of the negative associations to the stimuli
NAME
these inviduals often get stuck in interpeting danger as if it were continually happening and thier physical startle reponse is elevated, and they are constantly reminded of the trauma because of the negative assoaction to the stimuli
PTSD
What does OCD stand for?
obessive compulisive disorder
OCD can also be called (10
obsessive compulsive personaility disorder
(1)can also be called obessive comupulsive personaility disorder
OCD
What brain region is affected by OCD and how?
they have both overactivity in the anterior cingulate gyrus
NAME
people w this have both overactivity in the anterior cingulate gyrus
OCD
Disorders of people totally free from (1)
anxiety and remorse
People that are (1) and (2)may have over active basal gangial
Type A personailtiy or that are very driven have over active basal ganglia
NAME
people who have type A personaility or that are very driven may have this
over active basal gangilia
How can you tell if someone is anxious ?
by checking thier finger temperature when an invidual is in fight or flight mode blood rushes from the extermeites such as the fingertips toward the larger muscles in order to prepare the invidual to fight or runaway
NAME
you tell if some one is this by looking at thier fingertips
anxious
Why can you use a person finger temperature to tell if someone is anxisous?
by when in invivdual is in a fight or flight mode blood rushes from the exetermies such as the the fingertips toward the larger muscles to prepare the invivdual to fight or runaway
Why do inviduals pupils often dilate?
so they can see better
What are (2)things important to notice about people that are anixous?
(1)there pupils are dilates so that they can see better (2)the breathing rate tends to increase as to get more oxygen to the body
NAME
people that are this have dialted pupils so they can see better and their breathing rate tends to increase to get more oxygen to the body
anxious
What is body dysmorphic disorder?
the preoccupation w a real or imagined defect body appeareance
Body dysmorphic disorder is a (1)disorder
Somatoform disorder
(1)this is a example of a somatoform disorder
body dysmorphic disorder
NAME
this is the preoccupation w a real or imagined defect body appearance
bodu Dysmorphic disorder
What is the diagnostic criteria for body dysmorphic disorder? (3)
(1)the preoccupation w an imagined defect in appearnce or if a slight physical anomaly is present, the peron's concern is markedly excessive (2)the preoccupation causes clinically significant distres or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning (3)the preoccupation is not better accounted for by another mental disorder such as anoerexia nervosa
Conversion disorder is a example of (1)
somatoform disorder
What is conversion disorder be confused w ?
a physciall ilness that affects the sensory such as anethesia, blindness, or voluntary motor functioning such astasia-abasia paralysis
NAME
this can be easily confused w a phyiscal illness that affects the sensory such as anethesia, blindness, or voluntary motor functioning such as aastasia-abasia paraylsis
conversion disorder
What is conversion disorder? (2)
(1)one ore more sysmtpoms or deficts voluntary motor or sensory function that suggests a neurological or other general medical condition
NAME
this is (1)one ore more sysmtpoms or deficts voluntary motor or sensory function that suggests a neurological or other general medical condition
conversion disorder
What are the limiting diagnostic criteria for conversion disorder? (5)
(1)psychological factors that are judged to be assocaited w the symptom or defecit bc the intiation or exacerbation of the symptom or deficit is preceded by the conflicts or other stressers (2)the symptom or defcit is not intentionally produced or feigned (3)the symptom or deficit cannot, after appropriate investigation, be fully explained by a general medical condition or by the direct effects of a substance or as culturally sanctioned bevahvior or expereince (4)the symptom or defict causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning or warrents medical evaluation (5)the symptom or deficit is not limited to pain or sexual dysfunction, does not occur exclusivly during the course of somatixation disorder and is not better accounted for by another mental disorder