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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is best to confirm cervical radiculopathy (disc herniation)?
MRI or CT with intrathecal contrast
what is spurling's test?
extending and rotating the neck to the side of pain and then applying downward pressure on the head
this may cause limp pain or paresthesia because neck extension causes posterior disk bulging
what will lateral neck flextion and rotation cause?
narrowing of the neural foramina
when will spurling's test be positive?
is limb pain or paresthesias are produced,not if the test just causes neck pain
what will be affected by a C4-5 disk herniation?
C5 nerve root
deltoid and biceps
what will be affected by a C5-6 disk herniation?
C6 nerve root
biceps, brachioradialis
what will be affected by a C6-7
C7 nerve root
triceps
what is contraindicated in cervical radiculopathy?
narcotics and manipulaton
what is cervical spondylosis?
cervical arthritis
what causes alanto-occipital dislocation?
flexion involving the C1-C2 complex
what causes an odontoid fracture?
flexion with shearing
what is jefferson's fracture?
highly unstable
occurs when vertical compression force is transmitted through the occipital condyles to the lateral masses of the atlas
what is hangman's fracture?
unstable
traumatic spondylolysis of C2 that occurs when the cervicocranium is thrown into extreme hyperextension as a result of abrupt deceleration
doesn't commonly damage the spinal cord
what is a philadelphia collar used for? (2)
brace for control of cervical rotation
for transport and immobilization of the patient with suspected cervical fracture
what is the halo brace used for?
immobilizes the cervical spine by inserting screws into the skull, bars, and a plastic vest
what is a short term collar used for?
cervical sprains and alleviating pain in patients with cervical spondylosis