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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Therapy is seen as a __________ process
Believe people are born with a potential for both
rational and irrational thinking
Believe we have the biological and cultural tendency to think
crookedly and to needlessly disturb ourselves
Believe that we learn and invent __________ __________ and keep ourselves disturbed through our _________
disturbing beliefs, self-talk
Believe we have the capacity to change
our cognitive, emotive, and behavioral processes
According to Albert Ellis, we are both
inherently rational and irrational, sensible and crazy
The only person who can make you happy or unhappy is

life is often unfair and unfortunate things do happen
Everyone occasionally uses irrational beliefs, but we differ in
the frequency with which we use them

our willingness to challenge them
Ellis's view of the therapist's role:

to change thought patterns
Ellis's view of the therapist's role:

openly acknowledge their expertise. provide a fair amount of direction
Ellis's view of the therapist's role:

must understand, but not accept beliefs
Ellis's view of the therapist's role:

Often very verbal (and very nonverbal) and challenging even in the first sessions
Ellis's view of the therapist's role:

thoughts, not events in present or past
How are these goals met in therapy?
1. Educate about this philosophy:
give them meta-awareness about how we think, come to approach the world

2. Heighten awareness of the consequence of their beliefs:
"On a scale from 1 to 100..."

3. Identify underlying themes and thought errors
ABC(DE)F analysis
activating event
dispute the irrational beliefs
effects of rational thinking (enjoy)
new feeling
Assumes that ______, _______, and ________, have a reciprocal cause-and-effect relationship
cognitions, emotions, and behaviors
Highly didactic, very directive, and concerned as much with _______ as with ________
thinking, feeling
Teaches that our __________ stem mainly from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations
Irrational ideas lead to
self-defeating behavior


"i must have love or approval from all the significant people in my life"

"I must perform important tasks competently and perfectly"

"If I don't get what I want, it's terrible and I can't stand it"