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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
conditioning of one culture to the traits, values, social patterns of another
automatic thoughts
-reflect ind appraisal of sit
-arise spont. to stim/sit
- may be healthy or dysfunctional
beh'l rehearsal
-in session pract of a desired beh'r
-eg. assertiveness train, stress inoculation, beck ct
-structural fam ther (Munchin)
-ind, family mem, or fam substances demarcations
-dysfunction = rigid/permeable
-rule that governs beh'r limits in families
-associated w/ homostatis
-neg feedback recallibrates syst and restores balance
closed fam syst
-honest self expression viewed as deviant
-all membs have same opinions,feelings, desires
-unable to receive energy fr env and therefore become disorganized
cognitive triad
-depression = neg beliefs about self, future, world
-membs bonded together by shared goals,expectation, values, exp
-FT outcome + cohesiveness
defense mech
-habitual beh'r
-compromise between unconscious drive and prohibitions/inhibitions fr society
-keep unacceptable drives unconscious
-eg. repression, projection,reaction formation, displacement
differentiation of selfq
-degree of independence fr others in a relationshipq
-psychologiocal isolation
-boundary probs
double bind
-communications therory
-conflict fr 2 conflicting messages at dif levels of abstraction
-one mess is disqualified by other
-psychic structure
-mediates reality
-self preservation capacities
-therapists w/ a modified version of psychoanalysis
- emphasis on role of ego in personality functioning
ego states
-parent, child, adult
-distinct and independent levels of psychological funct
-dysfunctional = when an interaction designed to evoke a particular ego state evokes dif one
-culture is studied from the perspective of the culture itself
-culture-sensitve approach
empirical criterion keying
-test construction
-selecting test items on the basis of their empirically demo ability to distinquish betw criteron grps
=eg Strong-campbell Interest Inventory
-structural ft
-sim transaction of a fam structure
-osberve, then attempt to alter
enmeshed boundaries
-structural ft
-diffused boundaries bet subsyts and ind
-loss of autononmy
-high degree of resonance/reactivity
-gen syst theo
-no matter where one enters the syst, the patterning is same
-therapist study inter/beh pats not ind topics
-gen syst theo
-single cause may produce dif results
-dif cultures are studied using universally accepted criteria
healty cultural paranoia
- normal response of ethnic minorities to oppression/racism
-restore status quo
humanistic psy
-aka third force
-distinquished from cbt, psychoanaltic
-emphasizes ind inherent capacity for growth, creativity, and self-actualization
-focus on feeling state
-aware of feelings then freeing
inferiority complex
-feeling a person wishes to overcome
-orginates in childhood
-dev character formation in attempt to overcome feelings
interest inventories
-assessments of ind interests
-compare responses to others functioning well and happy in occupations
-career counselling
-eg strong and kuder inventories
-object relations theo
-id that takes in aspects of others wch become pt of self-image
-gestalt ther accept of info fr env w/out true assimilation
-min grp does not id strongly w/ minority of mainstream cult
-research analsyis
-large body of research on one dimension by combo'g studies and comparing to the outcomes of the summed cont grps.
-implicit and nonverbal mess commenting on the intent of a verbal statement
-may support or contradict the primary statement
-structural ft
-accommodate to a fam's style, tempo, affect
mutligenerational transmission processq
-extended fam syst ther
-emo process in a fam whereby varying levels of immaturity are prjected to dif children
-produces dif levels of differentiation
=escalation of fam dysfunction over generations
object-relation therapy
-object-relations theo
-modes of relating to others are due to introjects/internalized mental images or sig others
-formed in childhood
parallel process
-in clinical supervision
-intern behs toward sup in ways that mirror how the client behaves to them
paratoxic distortions
-cog distortions that occur when a person deals w/ others as if they were sig persons fr early life
-primary cause of maladaptive beh
primary process thinkingq
-thinking typical of dreams, small children, slips of tongue
-little of no rationality
-opposed to secondary process thinking which is rational
projective tests
-psychodynmic prinicples
-ind project aspects of their characters onto neutral stim
-eg rorshach and tat
rational-emotive ther
-notion that maladaptive beh is based on irrational beliefs
-alter beliefs
-cog and beh interventions
-structural ft
-defining sym in interpersonal terms not ind ones as presented by fam
-usually change neg to pos
-a life plan dev in early life
-includes one's character manner of giving and recieving strokes
stress innoculation
-improve coping skills
-eg education, rehearsal, imaginal and in-vivo exposure
-recognition fr others
-can be pos or neg
style of life
-ind's pat of beh as manifested by their goals, attitude towards others, manner of coping
-eg. mistaken style of life is char by a lack of soc'l int
symmetrica/complementary communication
-symm = equlity bet partners
-can be competitive and conflict
-complimentary = inequality, one partner has dominant role; other is subordinate
-psychic structure
-parental and soc'l stands or right and wrong
systematic desensitization
- reduce anx
-pair anx response w/ incompatible feelings of relaxation
-imaginally exposed to stim and trained to relax at same time
-stim presented in order fr least to mst anxty-evoking
therapuetic alliance
-sum total of pos feelings client has toward the work of therapy
-+ success
-case of pos transference
undiffentiated ego mass
-bowen ft
-egos of ind fam mems share a common ego boundary
-ego fusion = mst intense in less mature fams
defense mech
repression= reject painful stim

denial= disavoed feelings, thoughts, anx

reaction formation= anx-evoking impulse denied and its opposite is substitued

reationalization= giving a socially acceptable reason to explain
defense mech
projection= attributing unacceptable wishes to another

displacement- transferring an emotion fr orignal to a more safer/acceptable one (phobias)
defense mecha
fixation = stuck in stage of dev't that has been successfully attained

sublimation = transformation of libidinal urges into socially-acceptable interests/activities
Jung's analytical psy
-personal, unconscious contains repressed material,while the collective unconscious consists of archtypes
collective unconscious
-universially inherited neural patterns
-predispositions to perception and emos that we all share
alder's ind psy
-pathological beh reps a maladaptive/defensive attempt to overcome compensatory beh pats
-above leads to socially-maladaptive style of life
-goal = replase mistaken style of life
horney, stack, sullivan, frohm
- social and cult deterimants of personality
-horney = relats thruout the life span; parental behs = anx in child; mvt to or away
frohm = societal structures and personality dynamics
sullivan = role of cog in personality whch dev sequnetially infants =protaxic mode discrete, unconnected momentary states, parataxic private/autistic symbols, syntaxic symbols, shared meaning; parataxic distortions = neurotic beh fr arrest in parataxic mode
-anna freud, hartmann
-focused on nondefensive functions of ego
existential anx
aka normal anx
-is proportional to cause
- not need repression
-can be catalyst to id/confront dilemma
neurotic anx
-evade normal anx
- manifests as a loss of sub sense of free will & inability to resp
here and now
-focus on present
success/failure id
-5 basic needs = survival, power, belonging, freedom, fun
success= needs met in resp meet needs
failure= opposite
-complementary = comm met w/ appropriate resp
-crossed= resp fr an inappropriate ego state
-unlterior = dual mess, two dif ego states

games- orderly series of ulterior trans repeated over time = specific bad feelings for both
James-Lange theory
physiological responses to a situation, and only then do we use those responses to formulate an experience of emotion.
Cannon-Bard theory.
They suggested that there are neural paths from our senses that go in two directions. One goes to the cortex, where we have a subjective experience, and one goes to the hypothalamus, where the physiological processes begin. In other words, the experience of an emotion, and the physiological responses occur together.
-- the Papez circuit
the limbic system,