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61 Cards in this Set

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Characteristics:
Sneezing
Rhinorrhea
Nasal Congestion
Conjunctival, Nasal, Pharyngeal Itching
Lacrimation
Allergic Rhinitis
Pale and Boggy Nasal Mucosa
Allergic Rhinitis
Nasal Polyps with Eosinophils
Allergic Rhinits
Is the majority of URI's viral or bacterial
Viral
Major Cause of the Common Cold
Rhinovirus
Incubation of Rhinovirus
1-2 Days
Treatments for Common Cold
Water
Antihistamines
Tylenol, ASA, or NSAIDS(be careful of dehydration)
Decongestants?
Rest
This virus causes is the SARS virus
Coronavirus
Prevalent time of year for Coronavirus
Late fall through Early Spring
Virus that has been recovered in lower respiratory tract of military recruits and infants
Coronavirus
Foremost cause of lower respiratory disease in infants
RSV
Causese Severe Bronchiolitis in infants
RSV
Chest X-Ray results with RSV
Infiltrates
Test to detect virus types
ELISA or immunoflourescence
Symptoms of RSV in adults
Common Cold, URI
Metapneumovirus
Similiar Symptoms to RSV
Most common Viral Infections in Infants
RSV and Parainfluenza
Most frequent cause of croup
Parainfluenza Virus
Which Virus's cause an acute mild fever?
Parainfluenza and Adenovirus
Year-round infection rates
Adenovirus
Causes Whooping Cough
Adenovirus
Virus seen often in people living in close quarters (Military Recruits etc.)
Adenovirus
This virus must be differentiated from Atypical Pneumonia
Adenovirus
List (in order) the most common sinuses for infection
1. Maxillary
2. Ethmoid
3. Frontal
4. Sphenoid
What usually results from a previous URI?
Acute Sinusitis
List some Symptoms of Acute Sinusitis
Pain or pressure in sinuses
Headache
Nasal Drainage
Indications of Bacterial Sinusitis
Toothache
Halitosis
How long does a sinusitis have to last to be considered chronic?
12 weeks
What group of people is Chronic Sinusitis associated with?
Smokers
What should you think of Fungal Sinusitis?
Immunocompromised patient
What is Auricular Cellulitis
Infection of Skin Overlying External Ear
What is Perichondritis and a Common Cause?
Infection of perichondrium which could be caused by upper ear cartilage piercing.
Necrotizing otitis externa is most common in these patients.
Elderly diabetics and immunocompromised
This ear infection is more common in children due to the layout of the eustachian tubes.
Otitis Media
Symptoms of Mastoiditis
Pain, erythema, and swelling of mastoid
What is a Hordoleum (Sty)
Staph infection of superficial glands in eyelid margin
What is a chalazion?
Pealike nodule within the eyelid
Most common cause of conjunuctivitis?
Adenovirus
Classic finding in allergic conjunctivitis
Cobblestone papillae
Dry Eye is called what?
Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca
This eye problem also has shingles?
Herpes Zoster
This eye disorder has inflammatory cells floating in the aqueous humor?
Anterior Uveitis
Eye disorder with a red, painful eye with shallow anterior chamber.
Acute-angle closure glaucoma
What is amarosis Fugax and its most common symptom?
TIA of retina with curtain descending effect
Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy is...
Insufficient blood supply to optic disc with painless monocular vision loss.
Sign of Papilledema..
Edges of optic disc look obscured and swollen.
Annoying flashing of lights in elderly patients with photopsia.
Vitreous degeneration and attachment.
Flashing lights and scotoma in peripheral vision
Retinal Detachment
What is a Hordoleum (Sty)
Staph infection of superficial glands in eyelid margin
What is a chalazion?
Pealike nodule within the eyelid
Most common cause of conjunuctivitis?
Adenovirus
Classic finding in allergic conjunctivitis
Cobblestone papillae
Dry Eye is called what?
Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca
This eye problem also has shingles?
Herpes Zoster
This eye disorder has inflammatory cells floating in the aqueous humor?
Anterior Uveitis
Eye disorder with a red, painful eye with shallow anterior chamber.
Acute-angle closure glaucoma
What is amarosis Fugax and its most common symptom?
TIA of retina with curtain descending effect
Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy is...
Insufficient blood supply to optic disc with painless monocular vision loss.
Sign of Papilledema..
Edges of optic disc look obscured and swollen.
Annoying flashing of lights in elderly patients with photopsia.
Vitreous degeneration and attachment.
Flashing lights and scotoma in peripheral vision
Retinal Detachment