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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
One of the largest causes in sea levels rising is...
thermal expansion
The proportion of radiation that is reflected away from the surface is known as...
Albedo.
How much does the planet reflect of incoming solar radiation back into space?
31 percent
Lighter colors______ more where as darker colors absorb more radiation.
reflect more radiation(albedo)
Some part of the Arctic reflect up to ___ of incoming solar radiation.
ninety percent.
Change in ocean temperatures could effect the course and speed of what?
ocean currents, habitats of sea organisms, and it can affect rainfall.
How is the rainfall affected?
OCEAN TEMPERATURES CAN ALTER THE RATE OF EVAPORATION OF SEAWATER.
Melting snow or ice could lead to a warmer surface which contributes to initiation of.....
positive feedback loop of a warming trend.
what period of time does albedo reduction effect?
The Cretaceous Period(120-65 million years ago.
How much higher were the global temperatures?
eight to ten degrees celsius.
What are drifting photosynthetic microorganisms called?
phytoplankton
Photosynthesis is reffered to as a "sink" for what?
for around 60 billion tons of carbon every year.
What is the strongest mechanism for the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
photosynthesis.
The "greening hypothesis" has led to the exploration of the connections between what?
global climate and the earth's biological systems.
Which sphere is the source of aerosols, such as pollen and spores?
the biosphere
what is anthropogenic?
Human
what does the NOAA stand for?
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
As the evaporation of and condensation of water and the exchange of mineral occurs what happens to the elements of the earth's planetary system?
they adjust their immediate physical states.
Name two factors that influence climate...
heights of mountain ranges, slowly changing locations of oceans and continents, the ocean currents, clouds in the atmosphere, extent of polar ice caps, density of vegetation, and more...
what are some of the crucial properties of the atmosphere?
pressure and temperature
Name all the earths surface regions in order...
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere,and the thermosphere.
name the climate regions boundaries.
tropopause, stratopause, and the mesopause.
what is the pedosphere?
the solid portion of earth's surface.
what are cosmic rays responsible for?
they are responsible for the production of both natural radioactivity and nitric oxide in earth's upper atmosphere.
what is anthropogenic?
Human
what does the NOAA stand for?
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
As the evaporation of and condensation of water and the exchange of mineral occurs what happens to the elements of the earth's planetary system?
they adjust their immediate physical states.
Name two factors that influence climate...
heights of mountain ranges, slowly changing locations of oceans and continents, the ocean currents, clouds in the atmosphere, extent of polar ice caps, density of vegetation, and more...
what are some of the crucial properties of the atmosphere?
pressure and temperature
Name all the earths surface regions in order...
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere,and the thermosphere.
name the climate regions boundaries.
tropopause, stratopause, and the mesopause.
what is the pedosphere?
the solid portion of earth's surface.
what are cosmic rays responsible for?
they are responsible for the production of both natural radioactivity and nitric oxide in earth's upper atmosphere.