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16 Cards in this Set

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What is the Montreal Protocol?
is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion
What are the man-made halogens responsible for Ozone depletion?
Chemicals are man-made halogens largely used in flame retardants, fire extinguishants, refrigerants, propellants, solvents, and pharmaceuticals.
What the three major findings of the IPCC?
Emissions from human activities are changing atmospheric composition, especially by raising the concentrations of climate-warming gases;
These higher concentrations will intensify the natural greenhouse effect
changes in climate will persist for centuries
What are the six sources of heat trapping gas?
water vapor
carbon dioxide
methane
nitrous oxide
deforestation
other chemicals
What is the global warming potential?
measure of how much a given mass of greenhouse gas is estimated to contribute to global warming.
What has the highest global warming potential?
sulfur hexaflouride
What are the primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions (in order from least to most)
waste
industrial processes
agriculture
international transport
energy
What are four effects of climate change?
Heat
Storms (frequency and intensity)
Sea level rise (erosion, salt penetration)

Non-uniform, cumulative
What are some impacts of climate change on human health?
increase in vector-borne diseases?
increases in heat-related deaths
increase in urban air pollution; increase in respiratory illnesses
Sea Levels have risen ______ over the past 100 years
10-25 cm
What are some effects of climate change on agriculture?
Shorter growing seasons
Droughts
Floods
Water shortages
More Weeds
More Pests
What are 8 solutions to climate change?
Less carbon-intensive fuels
Renewables
Efficiency
Policy changes
Incentives
Carbon sequestration
Global development
Adaptation
What is activity data?
Activity data quantifies an activity in a specific unit related to the activity
What are some examples of energy data?
Therms or cubic meters of natural gas
Gallons or liters of heating oil
Kilowatt hours of electricity
Business miles or kilometers traveled
How does one calculate emissions?
Activity data x Emissions factor = GHG emissions
An emissions factor is
An emissions factor converts activity data to emissions values