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110 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The plasma membrane of a cell is a lipid XXXXXXX.
Bilayer
What is the term used to define proteins loosly attached to the inner or outer surface of the membrane?
Peripheral Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins that are extend into the membrane?
Integral Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins that span to both sides of the plasma membrane?
Transmembrane proteins
The phospholipid membrane is XXXXXXXX permeable
Selectively
What is the term used to define proteins which provide open passageways through the membrane for certain hydrophilic substances to pass?
Channel Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins that allow the passage of ions though the cell membrane?
Ion Channels
What is the term used to define a protein that dramatically increases the rate of passage of water through the plasma membrane?
Aquaporins
What is the term used to define a protein that binds to a specific molecule and allows passage of that molecule across the cell membrane?
Carrier Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins which use energy to direct a substance across the plasma membrane against its concentration gradient?
Active Transport Proteins
What is the term used to define a protein which give each cell type a unique identification?
Recognition Proteins
What is the term used to define a protein that allows cells to attach to neighboring cells?
Adhesion Proteins
What is the term used to define a protein that provides binding sites for hormone or other triggering molecules?
Receptor Proteins
What is the term used to define an oraganelle which contains genetic information for the cell?
Nucleus
Ribosomes consist of XXXXX and XXXXXX.
RNA & Protein
What is the term used to define a molecule that assist in the assembly of amino acids into proteins?
Ribosomes
Does the Smooth ER contain ribosomes?
No
What is the term used to define an organelle responsible for the synthesis of lipids, and hormones?
Smooth ER
What is the term used to define an organelle that modify and package proteins and lipids into vesicles?
Golgi Apparatus
What is the term used to define vesicles from the golgi apparatus that contain digestive enzymes?
Lysosomes
Do lysosomes occur in plant cells?
No
What is the term used to define an organelle that breaks down various substances including hydrogen peroxide, fatty acids, and amino acids?
Peroxisomes
What is the term used to define an organelle that carries out aerobic respiration?
Mitochondria
What is the term used to define an organelle that carries out photosynthesis?
Chloroplasts
What is the term used to define a protein fiber made of tubulin that provides support and motility for cellular activities?
Microtubules
What is the term used to define a protein fiber used to provide support for maintaining cell shape?
Intermediate Filaments
What is the term used to define a protein fiber that is made up of actin that is involved in cell motility?
Microfilaments
What is the most pronounced difference between flagella and cilia?
Flagella are long and cilia are short
Do plants cells have centrioles?
No, but they contain a microtubule organizing center.
What is the term used to define a vesicle that moves materials between organelles?
Transport Vesicles
What is the term used to define a vesicle that is a temporary recepticle for nutrients?
Food Vacuole
What is the term used to define a vesicle in plants that stores starch, pigments, and toxic substances?
Storage Vesicles
What is the term used to define a vesicle that is responsible for maintaining the rigidity of a cell?
Central Vacuoles
What is the term used to define a vesicle in single-celled organisms that collect and pump excess water out of the cell?
Contractile Vacuole
The cell walls of plants are usually composed of XXXXXXX?
Cellulose
The cell walls of Fungi are usually composed of XXXXXXX?
Chitin
What is the term used to define a cell junction that consists of proteins that bind adjacent cells together, that do NOT prevent the passage of materials between cells?
Desmosomes
What is the term used to define a cell junction that is a tightly stiched seam between animal cells that do not allow for passage of materials between cells?
Tight Junctions
What is the term used to define a cell junction that connects the cytoplasm of a cell with the neighboring cell?
Gap Junctions
What is the term used to define a cell junction which is a narrow channel between plant cells?
Plasmodesmata
Which type of cells contain cell walls, chloroplasts, and central vacuoles?
Plant Cells
Which type of cells contain lysosomes, centrioles, and cholesterol?
Animal Cells
XXXXXXXX do not have a nucleus.
Prokaryotes
Do prokaryotes have any type of proteins such as histones associated with their DNA?
No
What are the size of the subunits of prkaryotes' ribosomes?
30S and 50S
Are prokaryotes flagella constructed of microtubules?
No
What is the term used to define the collective movement of substances in the same direction in response to a force or pressure?
Bulk Flow
XXXXXXX XXXXXXXX is the movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration using a carrier protein.
Passive Transport
What is the term used to define the movement of water from a region of lower solute concentration to a region of higher solute concentration?
Osmosis
What is the term used to define the diffusion of solutes across a selectively permeable membrane?
Dialysis
What is the term used to define the movement of water out of the cell that results in collapse of a cell?
Plasmolysis
What is the term used to define diffusion of substances between two regions in which the substances are moving by bulk flow in opposite direction?
Countercurrent Exchange
What is the term used to define the process of vesicles fusing with the plasma membrane and releasing their contents to the outside of the cell?
Exocytosis
What is the term used to define the capture of a substance outside the cell when the plasma membrane merges to engulf it?
Endocytosis
What are the three types of endocytosis?
Phagocytosis/Pinocytosis/Receptor-Mediated
The plasma membrane of a cell is a lipid XXXXXXX.
Bilayer
What is the term used to define proteins loosly attached to the inner or outer surface of the membrane?
Peripheral Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins that are extend into the membrane?
Integral Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins that span to both sides of the plasma membrane?
Transmembrane proteins
The phospholipid membrane is XXXXXXXX permeable
Selectively
What is the term used to define proteins which provide open passageways through the membrane for certain hydrophilic substances to pass?
Channel Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins that allow the passage of ions though the cell membrane?
Ion Channels
What is the term used to define a protein that dramatically increases the rate of passage of water through the plasma membrane?
Aquaporins
What is the term used to define a protein that binds to a specific molecule and allows passage of that molecule across the cell membrane?
Carrier Proteins
What is the term used to define proteins which use energy to direct a substance across the plasma membrane against its concentration gradient?
Active Transport Proteins
What is the term used to define a protein which give each cell type a unique identification?
Recognition Proteins
What is the term used to define a protein that allows cells to attach to neighboring cells?
Adhesion Proteins
What is the term used to define a protein that provides binding sites for hormone or other triggering molecules?
Receptor Proteins
What is the term used to define an oraganelle which contains genetic information for the cell?
Nucleus
Ribosomes consist of XXXXX and XXXXXX.
RNA & Protein
What is the term used to define a molecule that assist in the assembly of amino acids into proteins?
Ribosomes
Does the Smooth ER contain ribosomes?
No
What is the term used to define an organelle responsible for the synthesis of lipids, and hormones?
Smooth ER
What is the term used to define an organelle that modify and package proteins and lipids into vesicles?
Golgi Apparatus
What is the term used to define vesicles from the golgi apparatus that contain digestive enzymes?
Lysosomes
Do lysosomes occur in plant cells?
No
What is the term used to define an organelle that breaks down various substances including hydrogen peroxide, fatty acids, and amino acids?
Peroxisomes
What is the term used to define an organelle that carries out aerobic respiration?
Mitochondria
What is the term used to define an organelle that carries out photosynthesis?
Chloroplasts
What is the term used to define a protein fiber made of tubulin that provides support and motility for cellular activities?
Microtubules
What is the term used to define a protein fiber used to provide support for maintaining cell shape?
Intermediate Filaments
What is the term used to define a protein fiber that is made up of actin that is involved in cell motility?
Microfilaments
What is the most pronounced difference between flagella and cilia?
Flagella are long and cilia are short
Do plants cells have centrioles?
No, but they contain a microtubule organizing center.
What is the term used to define a vesicle that moves materials between organelles?
Transport Vesicles
What is the term used to define a vesicle that is a temporary recepticle for nutrients?
Food Vacuole
What is the term used to define a vesicle in plants that stores starch, pigments, and toxic substances?
Storage Vesicles
What is the term used to define a vesicle that is responsible for maintaining the rigidity of a cell?
Central Vacuoles
What is the term used to define a vesicle in single-celled organisms that collect and pump excess water out of the cell?
Contractile Vacuole
The cell walls of plants are usually composed of XXXXXXX?
Cellulose
The cell walls of Fungi are usually composed of XXXXXXX?
Chitin
What is the term used to define a cell junction that consists of proteins that bind adjacent cells together, that do NOT prevent the passage of materials between cells?
Desmosomes
What is the term used to define a cell junction that is a tightly stiched seam between animal cells that do not allow for passage of materials between cells?
Tight Junctions
What is the term used to define a cell junction that connects the cytoplasm of a cell with the neighboring cell?
Gap Junctions
What is the term used to define a cell junction which is a narrow channel between plant cells?
Plasmodesmata
Which type of cells contain cell walls, chloroplasts, and central vacuoles?
Plant Cells
Which type of cells contain lysosomes, centrioles, and cholesterol?
Animal Cells
XXXXXXXX do not have a nucleus.
Prokaryotes
Do prokaryotes have any type of proteins such as histones associated with their DNA?
No
What are the size of the subunits of prkaryotes' ribosomes?
30S and 50S
Are prokaryotes flagella constructed of microtubules?
No
What is the term used to define the collective movement of substances in the same direction in response to a force or pressure?
Bulk Flow
XXXXXXX XXXXXXXX is the movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration using a carrier protein.
Passive Transport
What is the term used to define the movement of water from a region of lower solute concentration to a region of higher solute concentration?
Osmosis
What is the term used to define the diffusion of solutes across a selectively permeable membrane?
Dialysis
What is the term used to define the movement of water out of the cell that results in collapse of a cell?
Plasmolysis
What is the term used to define diffusion of substances between two regions in which the substances are moving by bulk flow in opposite direction?
Countercurrent Exchange
What is the term used to define the process of vesicles fusing with the plasma membrane and releasing their contents to the outside of the cell?
Exocytosis
What is the term used to define the capture of a substance outside the cell when the plasma membrane merges to engulf it?
Endocytosis
What are the three types of endocytosis?
Phagocytosis/Pinocytosis/Receptor-Mediated