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238 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
before, in forward part of
anter-
tail, lower end of body
caud-
head
CEPHAL-
right, on the right side
dextr-
remote, distant, farther from the attached end
dist-
back, back surface
dors-
outside
extern-
below, in the lower part of
infer-
inside, within
intern-
side
later-
middle, midline
medi-
middle,midline
MES-
behind, in the back part of
poster-
next to, nearer to the attaches end
proxim-
left, the left side
sinistr-
above, the upper part of
super-
belly, front surface
ventr-
in the direction of, toward
-ad Adverbs
possessing (ex. having or possessing a tail), having the quality of, characterized by
-ate ADJ (describes the noun)
to perform an action, to bring about an effect
-ate VERB (is the action, what is being taken place)
pertaining to, located at
(The most common general adj-forming suffix).
-al (ADJ), the (e)al is added with certain bases.
pertaining to, located at
-an (ADJ)
pertaining to, capable of being
-ile (ADJ)
away from
ab-
before, in front of (in time or place)
ante-
with, together; very, thoroughly
co-, con-
opposite, agaisnt
contra-
in, into, not, very, completely
in-
beneath, below
infra-
between
inter-
near,next to
juxta-
through; very, completely
per-
back, again
re-
backward, in back, behind
retro-
over, above
supra-, super-
bone the the upper arm
humer-
pubic bone
os pubis
the superior portion of the hip bone
ilium
the posteroinferior part of teh pelvis- also known as your butt bone
ischium
name the general adjective-forming suffixes
-al, -ar, -ic, -ac, -an, -ary.
what term is defined as the predictable rocess by which the sounds of two consonants placed next to one another chage to facilitate ease of pronunciation,
assimilation
con + r =
rr
con- + l =
ll
in- + m =
mm
con- + b =
mb
con- + p =
mp
ad- + c =
cc
ad- + q =
cq
ad- + g =
gg
ad- + f =
ff
ad- + l =
ll
ad- + p =
pp
ad- + n =
nn
ad- + r =
rr
dis- + f =
ff
ex- + f =
ff
sub- + c =
cc
sub- + p =
pp
sub- + g =
gg
sub- + r =
rr
acromion, the extremity of the shoulder
acromi-
wing, any wing-like structure
al-
joint
articul-
ankle, bones of the ankle joint
astragal-
heel bone
calcane-
wrist, bones of the wrist
carp-
clavicle, collar bone
clavicul-
rib
cost-
hip bone, the hip joint (in general)
cox-
skull
crani-
thigh bone
femor-
outer bone of the leg
fibul-
bone of the upper arm; shoulder
humer-
uppermost portion of the hip bone
ili-
lowermost portion of the hig bone, "seat bone"
ischi-
kneecap
patell-
basin-like structure
pelv-
any bone of the finer
phalang-
pubic bone
pub-
outer bone of the forearm
radi-
shoulder blade
scapul-
breastbone
stern-
instep of the foot, bones of the instep
tars-
ankle, bone of the ankle joint
tal-
shinbone, inner bone of the leg
tibi-
elbow, medial bone of the forearm
uln-
pertaing to (most often used with bases of greek origin
-IC
pertaining to; located at (rare, ..indicating a person who suffers from a condition)
-AC
pertaining to (used instead of al when there is a base with an "l" ending)
-ar
pertaining to (forms nouns meaning "a place for" )
-ary
act of
-ion
act of, process of, result of, condition of
-ation
agent or instrument (a thing that causes(
-or
to, toward, near
ad-
away, apart from, removed
dis- (DIF, if before an f;)
out of, away from
e- , ex- (e, before some consonants,; ex- before all vowels; ef- (before f)
within
intra-
after, behind
post-
before, in the front of (in space or time)
pre-
beyond, excess
ultra-
under, below
sub-
modifys the essential meaning of a base, usually appear at the beginning of a word.
prefix
gives the essential meaning of the term, tell what the term is about, many refer to parts of the body, comes from the classical nouns, adj, and verbs
base
one or more appears at the end of every word, determines the part of speech, forms nouns and adj, adds meaning to a term
suffix
Anatomy is a science of naming. T or F
true
"what case is can always be translated by placing words "of the" of "for the" in front of the meaning of the noun.
genetive
In doing nominative singular, it is important to remove the the endings -a, -us, -um. IF you do this then the words fibula, tarsus, and ilium become what?
Genitive singlar
fibulae (f), tarsi (m), ilii (n)
neck
cervic-
to lead, bring, convey
duct-
face, surface
faci-
to bend
flect-, flex-
forehead; (sometimes) frontal bone, sinus, or lobe of brain
front-
lower back, flank
lumb-
lower jaw bone, mandible
mandibul-
upper jaw bone
maxilla-
chin
ment-
nose, nasal cavity, nasal bone
nas-
tooth
dent-
cavity, space
sin- , sinus-
posterior portion of skull; occipital bone
occipit-
wall, posterolateral portion of the skull; corresponding lobe of brain
pariet-
chest, breast
pector-
bone of caudal vertebral column
sacr-
spine, spinal column, spinal process of projection
spin-
temples; anterolateral portion of skull
tempor-
chest
THORAC-
to draw, drag
tract-
to turn
vers-,vert-
bone of the spinal column
vertebr-
the latin Nom. for cervic
cervix (f)
Latin Nom. for faci-
facies, -ei (gen)
Latin Nom. for lumb-
lumbus, -i (gen)
latin nom. for mandibul-
mandibula, -ae (gen)
latin nom. for maxilla-
maxilla, -ae (gen)
latin nom. for ment-
mentum, -i (gen)
latin nom. for nas-
nasus, -i (gen)
latin nom. for dent-
dens, (m)
lation nom. for sin-, sinus-
sinus-, -us (gen)
latin nom. for pector-
pectus, neuter
latin nom. for sacr-
(os) sacrum, -i
latin nom. for THORAC
thorax
latin nom. for vertebr-
vertebra, -ae
state of, condition of
ia/IA or y
stte of, condition of; usually appears -ity or -ety.
-ty
pertaining to ; usually with verbal bases
-ive
capable of (being); able; usually with verbal bases
-able, -ible
both
ambi-
around, enveloping
circum-
down, away from, absent
de-
on the outside of, beyond, not relationg to,
extra-
Latin Nom. for faci-
facies, -ei (gen)
Latin Nom. for lumb-
lumbus, -i (gen)
latin nom. for mandibul-
mandibula, -ae (gen)
latin nom. for maxilla-
maxilla, -ae (gen)
latin nom. for ment-
mentum, -i (gen)
latin nom. for nas-
nasus, -i (gen)
latin nom. for dent-
dens, (m)
lation nom. for sin-, sinus-
sinus-, -us (gen)
latin nom. for pector-
pectus, neuter
latin nom. for sacr-
(os) sacrum, -i
within (prefix)
intra-
before, in front of, forward; precursor
pro-
across, through
trans-
the four verbal bases include
duct-, flect-, tract-, vert-
groups of latin nouns which use the same pattern of case endings are called
declensions
nouns ending in -a belong in which declension?
first
nouns ending in -us and -um belong in which declension
second
name the three genders
masculine, feminine, neuter
feminine, first declension end in...
a
masculine, in second declension end in...
-us
neuter in the second declension ends in
- um
when two vowels occur one after the other, one of two things happen...
they form a diphthong
vowels that blend into each other when pronounced and count as one long vowel sound are called
diphthong ex.ae
when vowels are not part of a diphthong, but are pronounced seperately, the pause which marks the syllable break between them is called
hiatus ex. infraulnar (which is not the way to go). Therefore, use a different prfix or base. you could say "subulnar" instead. since they mean the same thing. If you can then a hyphen should be used. ex. intra-articular. Try to avoid hypens and hiatus!
joint
ARTHR-
arm
BRACHI-
(L.brachium, -i)
fluid-filled sac, bursa
burs-
(L.bursa, -ae)
hand
CHEIR, CHIR
cartilage; costal cartilage
CHONDR-
clavicle
CLEID-
finger
DACTYL-
cheek, chin, jaw
GENI-, GENY-
jaw
GNATH-
knee
GON-, GONAT-, GONY-
blood
HEM-, HEMAT-
bone marrow; spinal cord
MYEL-
straight
ORTH-
bone
oss, osse- (L. os, ossis, n.)
bone
OSTE-, OST-
disease, suffering
PATH-
to form, develop
PLAS-, PLAST-
passage, opening, proe
POR-
droop, fall, sag
PT-
spine
RACHI-, RACHID-
hard
SCLER-
twisted, crooked, curved
SCOLI-
vertebra
SPONDYL-
growth, nourishment
TROPH-
not, deficient, absence of
A-, AN-
painful,difficult, defective, abnormal (prefix)
DYS-
over, excessive, above, beyond normal
HYPER- (prefix)
under, deficient, below normal (prefix)
HYPO-
swelling; hernia (in obsolete terms) tumor
-CELE (suffix)
inflammation
-ITIS
(abnormal) suffering
-MALACIA
(abnormal) enlargement
-MEGALY
abnormal or diseased condition
-OSIS
tumor, neoplasm
-OMA
any disease of
-PATHY
formation, development (esp. of cells)
-PLASIA
falling, drooping, prolapse, downward displacement
-PTOSIS
growth, nourishment
-TROPHY
a condition of blood
(H)EMIA
sternocostal means...
pertaining to the sternum and the rib
maxillofacial means...
pertaining to the face and upper jaw
anterosuperior means...
located toward the front and above
top, tip
apex, apicis
arch
arcus, -us
area, region, space
area, -ae
head; head of a bone
caput; capitis
body; any body or mass; shaft or main part of a bone
corpus, corporis
muscle that extends or straightens a joint
extensor, extensoris
band/sheet of fibrous tissue
fascia, -ae
fissure, cleft, groove
fissura, -ae
muscle that bends a joint
flexor, flexoris
opening
foramen, foraminis
depression, indented area (NOT IN A SENSE OF EMOTIONAL STATE)
fossa, -ae
pit
fovea, -ae
ligament
ligamentum, -i
lobe
lobus, i
nerve
nervus, -i
nucleus
nucleus, i
process, prominence
processus, -us
root, beginning part of a structure
radix, radicis
net; mesh, network (esp. of blood vessels)
rete, retis
holding band or ligament, retinaculum
retinaculum, - i
furrow, groove
sulcus, -i
region, tract, path
tractus, -us