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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ways to Teach New Behaviors
Ways to Increase Behavior
Conditioned Reinforcement
Token reinforcement
Ways to Decrease Behavior
- Extinction
- Punishment procedures
What's DRL?
Differential Reinforcement of Low Rate of Response
-- A reinforcer is delivered if the rate of an inappropriate behavior is at or below a stated level. The level can be gradually reduced.
What's DRO?
Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior
-- A reinforcer is delivered if an inappropriate behavior does not occur for stated period of time. Whenever the time period is reached without the inappropriate behavior occurring, the reinforcer is delivered and a new time cycle begins. If the inappropriate behavior occurs, a new time cycle begins immediately.
What is DRI?
Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior
-- A reinforcer is delivered if an appropriate behavior, which is incompatible with the inappropriate behavior occurs.

e.g. Keep them occupied, such as with:
- Choral responding
- response cards
What are the conditions of a Three-Term Contingency
1st term: teacher asks a question
2nd term: students respond
3rd term: teacher gives feedback
Give an example of three-term contingency scenario
Question: Who won the World Series in 2008?
(Give hand signal to indicate all students to wait until another signal is issued.)
All students (or most) then respond.
Gives student who don't usually participate a chance to speak out.
What is Extinction?
The termination of reinforcer that has previously followed a behavior. When the behavior decreases to low levels, extinction has taken place.
What are three disadvantages of the Extinction process?
1. It works slowly.
2. There can be an extinction burst.
3. Spontaneous recovery can occur.
Seven Problem with Extinction.
1. It must be carried out with great consistency.
2. It is not easy to determine what is reinforcing some behaviors.
3. The behavior you wish to eliminate might be automatically reinforcing.
4. Other students might imitate the behavior you are trying to extinguish in the student of concern.
5. It might be embarrassing to carry out.
6. It might be dangerous to ignore some behaviors.
7. Extinction can lead to unpleasant side effects.
5 Reasons to Pair a Reinforcement Program w/a Punishment program.
1. Teaches correct behavior
2. Produces a quicker effect
3. Produces a greater reduction in an inappropriate behavior.
4. You can use a less intense punisher.
5. Reduces punishment side-effects.
Define an Unconditioned Punisher, and give an example of one.
Reduces behavior independently of an association (pairing) with other punishers.

e.g. A hot pot: punishes "touching it" automatically by burning.
Define: Conditioned Punisher, and give an example.
Reduce behavior due to an association (pairing) with other punishers.
e.g. warning: "If you don't sit down, you're going to get a time-out."