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8 Cards in this Set

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latin verb defined as

"to hand down"

myths belong to the more general class of traditional tale.
they are not told in isolation but told in relation to culture and society.
does not have to always explain but can be used to categorize difficult human actions.
Historically connected to their place of origin but also relevant in todays world
TRADO
greek word for MYTH.
Homer's time - archaic - an authorative speech or exhortation often before an audience.
by Plato's time - classical era - a story of fiction vs logos which is a reasonable or truthful account.
MUTHOS
8th - 6th c. bce.
Homer, Hesiod, authors of Homeric Hymns.
Great flourishing in epic & lyric poetry, art, commerce, science.
Period of colinization in s. italy & sicily
Alphabet introduced to greece -> beginnings of literacy
Emergence of greek Polis (city -state)
the ARCHAIC PERIOD
The style of poetry THEOGONY is written in.
Long poem always in hexameter verse (6 beats per line)
Flourished in ARCHAIC period (Homer Hesiod HH authors)

Earliest surviving greek literature.
Began orally but later written down.
EPIC poem
greek EPIC written by HESIOD during the ARCHAIC period.
title means "Birth of the Gods"
creation story of the cosmos/world and how the gods and everything came into existence.
Deals w/ religion but not a sacred religious text (like bible)
Other versions of Greek theogony also exist.
THEOGONY
The 9 Daughters of Mnemosyne (Memory) & Zeus.
Give us our myths and stories.
Appear in Theogony and many of the Homeric Hymns.
Invoked by the EPIC poets to help them begin and remember songs.
MUSES
The very first gods to populate the cosmos in HESIOD's THEOGONY from which come the rest of the Gods. They include Chaos, Gaia, Tartarous, Eros.
Chaos->Erebos(Darkness)Nyx(night)->Aither(Heavens/Sky)Hemera(goddess of Daytime)
Gaia ->Ouranos(Sky)Ourea(Mtns)Pontos(Sea) are also considered primordial
the PRIMORDIAL GODS
The children of the PRIMORDIAL GODS OURANOS(sky) and GAIA(earth)
12 in all
Ruled during the GOLDEN AGE
They live forever but described as "the gods that came before"(the current OLYMPIANS) by HESIOD in THEOGONY.
father OURANOS confines them as they are born within GAIA in fear of being overthrown.
At the urging of mother GAIA, KRONOS the youngest, castrates OURANOS, from which blood and GAIAearth->giants,furies,nymphs
PENIS&sea->aphrodite
TITANS