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60 Cards in this Set

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Etruria
north region, settled by Etruscans
Latium
Central Region, settled by Sabines
Palatine Hill
The hill in which king Romulus started to built Rome.
Livy
wrote History of Rome, from the begining to the reign of Augustus
Aeneas
Main character in The Aeneid, founded Rome. Son to Anchises and Venus
Lavinia
daugher of king Latinus, city of Lavinium named after her. Wife of Aeneas
Ascanius
son of Aeneas. Founded city of Alba Longa
Rhea Silvia
daughter of Numitor. Raped by mars gave birth to Remus and Romulus.
Romulus
First king of Rome, son of Mars. Planned the rape of the sabine women. killed his brother
Remus
brother to Romulus. settled in Aventine Hill.
Paterfamilias
head of the household. Owner of the slaves, children, women, and property
Gens
Family clan, larger unit or clan of family. elite ruled
Julia Gens
family of Julius Ceasar
Antonia Gens
family of Mark Anthony
Praenomen
Before the name, the first name. 15 personal names.
Nomen
The Second name, family name, these names end in IUS
Cognomen
Nickname, used to identify a branch in the family. Important people were known to have three names
Patronus/cliens
patron and client relationship. part of the social order
Patrician
Served in the council of elders, later became the first senators
Plebeians
The People without rights
Numa Pompilius
Second king of Rome. Solar Calendar, Organization of state religion, establishment of peace, temple of Janis
Flamen
15 priests supervised cults of individual Gods. Heavy wooden cloaks. Flamen Dialis, Flamen of Jupiter
Augur
1. Observation of sky
2. Observation of birds
3. examination of insides of sacrificed animals
Pontifex Maximus
Chief Pontiff, supreme ruler of all religous and civil laws.
Vestal Virgins
Attendants of the cult of Goddess Vesta. Married to Pontifex Maximus. Keepers of wills.
Genius
male guardian, ancestor spirit of the family; snake
Penates
household gods, divine spirit who guarded family wealth
Lares
represented as a pair of younge men, twins.
Atrium
entrance to the house. large central place to a house.
Forum Boarium
Early market besides the Tiber River
Roman Forum
small flat land, on palatine hill, site for public trials, small houses around it
Curia
original senate house
Comitium
sacred place inagurated for citizens to assemble when summoned
Campus Martius
area where soldiers concentrated to the God of War
Janus
two faced God of thresholds, month of January
753 BC
founding of Rome
Roman Calendar
months are sept, oct, nov, dec.

8day week
Robigalia
Robigo-God of mildew

Pray to God and sacrifice a Dog
Lubercalia
Wolf, purification ceremony and fertility rite
Saturnalia
family celebrations and reversal of social role
Cloaca Maxima
major sewage system
Lictors
Attendants to the king
Fasces
Bundles of rods and axes, symbols of power
509 BC
end of the monarchy, transition to the republic
390 BC
sack of Rome
Gauls
inhabitants of modern day France, sacked Rome
Camillus
Roman General who saved city from the Gauls
Veii
Etruscan city conquered by Camillus in a ten year siege
Carthage
Former allies of Rome, later enemies, Destroyed when Cato the Elder requested
First Punic War
Regulus was a symbol of Roman Loyalty. Failed invasion of Carthage
Second Punic War
Hannibal, hates Rome, most feared by Rome. Establishes a face in Spain
Battle of Cannae
Defeat of 60,000 Romans
Fabius Maximus
tactics were let them wear themselves out. Don't attack let them run out of energy.
Scipio Africanus
Defeated Hannibal, Conquered Africa
Cato the Elder
national identity, pro-Roman, main advocate for the destruction of Carthage.
Carthago delenda est
Carthage must be destroyed. the city is destroyed in a three year siege.
Servus
The one that has been served
Peculium
Money paid to the gifts often used to purchase freedom
Obsequium
Social obligations and responsibilities of freed slaves to their formal masters
Pileus
the cap of freedman