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30 Cards in this Set

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Relating to the ancient Greek and Roman world
Classical
Greek term for "city-state"
polis
form of government in which citizens choose the nation's leaders by voting for them
Democracy
term derived from Greek, meaning "love of wisdom"
philosophy
nation with a strong national government headed by elected leaders
republic
elected chief official of the Roman Republic
consul
legislative body of government; the supreme council of the ancient Roman Republic
Senate
absolute ruler of an empire
emperor
Official of the Catholic Church
Bishop
head of Roman Catholic Church
Pope
teacher of Christianity
missionary
place where monks live, pray, and study
monastery
place where nuns live, pray, and study
convent
unwritten set of laws based on local customs
common law
political and social system in which a lord gave land to a noble to work, govern, and defend, in return for the noble's loyalty
feudalism
noble in medieval society who swore loyalty to a lord in return for land
vassal
feudal estate made up of a manor house or castle and land
manor
farmer or other who pays rent to another for the use of land or property
tenant
peasant laborer
serf
medieval workers' organization
guild
young worker who learned a trade or skill from a master teacher
apprentice
written agreement guaranteeing privileges and freedoms
charter
pardons for sins, given or sold by the Catholic Church
indulgences
person who "protested" Catholic practices; today, a member of a non-Catholic Christian church
Protestant
reform
to improve by changing
process in which people, diseases,ides, and trade were distributed around the world from the Americas
Columbian Exchange
great and often violent change
revolution
belief that royalty ruled by the will of God
divine right of kings
supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and other countries
Parliament
formal agreement that establishes the basis for a country's laws
constitution