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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Keeper of the winds
Phaiakian King
Food for non-bread-eaters
Storyteller in the Palace of Phaiakia
Fell from Circe's Roof
the "Loyal Swineherd"
Ithacan giver of oracles
Time God of the Sun
Provides Magic Herb
Reunited with son in an Orchard
Betrays her mistress
Athena in Disguise
"No Pain"
Recieves Telemachos in Pylos
"Return" or "Homecoming"
"Giver and Taker of Pain"
Weaves While She Waits
Storyteller in the Palace of Ithaca
"Man of Many Turnings"
The "Earth-Shaker"
The "Old Man Of The Sea"
Bewitching Birdlike Singers
Prophet in the Underworld
"No Place," a perfect society
Hospitality to Strangers
keeps Odysseus trapped on her island
death; gathering of souls
"Tell me Muse of the man of many ways, who was driven far journeys, after he had sacked Troy's sacred citadel. Many were they whose cities he saw, whose minds he learned of, many the pains he suffered in his spirit on the wide sea, Struggling for his own life and the homecoming of his companions."
This is the invocation of the muse that the book begins with. It is asking for the story of Odysseus and all his sufferings, hardships, adventures, and homecoming.
"Thereafter, in the daytime, she would weave at her great loom but in the night she would have torches set by, and undo it. So, for three years, she was secret in her design."
This is talking about Penelope and how she refused to take a new husband until she finished a burial shroud for Laertes. She would weave during the day and undo her work at night.
"Poor man, no longer mourn here beside me nor let your lifetime fade away, since now i will send you on, with a good will. So come, cut long timbers with a bronze axe and join them to make a wide raft, and fashion decks that will be on the upper side, to carry you over the misty face of the water."
This is after Zeus orders Calypso to release Odysseus from her island. She finds him on the shores and tells him to cut down trees to make a raft to carry him back to Ithaca.
"Glorious Odysseus, happy with the wind, spread sails and taking his seat artfully with the steering oar, he held her on her course, nor did sleep ever descend on his eyelids as he kept his eye on the Pleiades and late-setting Bootes, and the Bear, to whom men give also the name of the Wagon, who turns about in a fixed place and looks at Orion."
This is when Odysseus first parts from Calypso's island and is sailing happily in search of his homeland. This is before he encounters any hardships.
"Ino took pity on Odysseus as he drifted and suffered hardships, and, likening herself to a winged gannet, she came up out of the water and perched on the raft andspoke a word to him... And here, take this veil, it is immortal, and fasten it under your chest, and there is no need for you to die, nor suffer."
This occurs after Poseidon wrecks Odysseus' ship and the God Ino takes pity on him. She orders Odysseus to strip and gives him a veil to wear to protect him from danger. She also says he must release it back into the water when he reaches land.
"As when a man buries a burning log in the black ash heap in a remote place in the country, where non live near as neighbors, and saves the seed of fire, having no other place to get a light from, so Odysseus buried himself in the leaves."
This is when Odysseus sees life in the leaves after finally making it on to the island of the Phaiakians. He has respect for them and says ow they have "life." He sleeps the night there under the leaves.
"But since this is some poor wanderer who has come to us, we must now take care of him, since all strangers and wanderers are sacred in the sight of Zeus, and the gift is a light and a dear one. So, my attendants, give some food and drink to the stranger, and bathe him, where there is shelter from the wind, in the river."
This is when Nausicaa embraces Odysseus as a stranger and tells her women to bathe, clothe, and feed him because all strangers and wanderers are sacred in the eyes of Zeus. This occurs when Odysseus is walking through the Phaiakian forest looking for town.
"Now he sat down and milked his sheep and his bleating goats, each of them in order, and put lamb or kid under each one to suck, and then drew off half of the white milk pails so as to have it to help himself to and drink from, and it would serve for his supper."
This is what Odysseus notices and sees while in the cave of the Cyclops, Polyphemos (son of Poseidon) when he was trapped as a prisoner. He will later blind him and escape from the island of Polyphemos.
"So spoke Hermes. And he gave me the medicine, which he picked out of the ground, and he explained the nature of it to me. It was black at the root, but with a milky flower. The gods call it moly. It is hard for mortal men to dig up, but the gods have power to do all things"
This is when Odysseus and his men travel to the island of Circe. She drugs all of his men and turns them into pigs. Hermes then comes in disguise and gives him this medicine called moly which will protect him from Circe's drug. He then tells him to kill Circe. Circe is impressed with Odysseus and they become lovers for a year.
"O shining Odysseus, never try to console me for dying. I would rather follow the plow as thrall (servant) to another with no land allotted him and not much to live on, than be king over all the perished dead."
This is when Odysseus encounters Achilles on his trip to Hades to see the prophet Tiresias. Although Achilles thought that he would like to die gloriously in battle and have his name live on for ever, he now says that he would rather be a slave than worshiped as a king among the dead.
"They stepped from the strong-beached ship out onto dry land, and first they lifted and carried Odysseus out of the hollow hull, along with his bed linen and shining coverlet, and set him down on the sand. He was still bound fast in sleep."
This is when the Phaiakians bring Odysseus home back to Ithaca. Poseidon turns their ship to stone on their way back to Phaiakia because they helped Odysseus who blinded Poseidon's son, Polyphemos.
"There the dog Argos lay in the dung, all covered with dog ticks. Now, as perceived that Odysseus had come close to him, he wagged his tail and laid both his ears back, only he no longer had the strength to move any close to his master, who, watching him from a distance, without Eumaios noticing, secretly wiped away a tear."
This occurs after Odysseus' arrival to the hut of Eumaios just after he returned to Ithaca. When they are outside, Odysseus sees his loyal dog Argos. It has been 30 years since the dog has seen him, but he still recognizes his master who sheds a tear of sorrow for his beloved dog that is near death.
"The old woman, bathing him is the palm of her hands, recognized this scar as she handled it. She let his foot go, so that his leg, which was in the basin, fell free, and the bronze echoed."
This is inside the palace of Penelope when Eurykleia, the woman who nursed Odysseus, is washing his feet and notices the scar on his foot that he got when he was younger. She agrees not to tell anyone that he is Odysseus so that he can kill the suitors and reunite with Penelope.
"Then, she went up to the high platform, where there were standing chests, and in these were stored fragrant pieces of clothing. From there, she reached, and took the bow from the peg, where it hung, in its own case, a shining thins that covered it. Thereupon, she sat down, and laid it on her dear knees."
This is when Penelope goes and gets Odysseus' great bow for the contest to see who will be her next husband. The first suitor to successfully string the bow and shoot it through 12 axes wins. All the suitors fail and Odysseus succeeds. After this, he slays all of the suitors.
"There is one particular feature in the bed's construction. I myself, no other man, made it. There was a hole of an olive tree with long leaves growing strongly in the courtyard, and it was thick, like a column. I laid down my chamber around this, and built it, until I finished it, with close-set stones, and roofed it well over."
This is when Penelope asks Eurykleia to move her bed and Odysseus proves that he is who he says he is by revealing that he knows that it can't be moved because he built it around a strong olive tree. This proves to Penelope that he really is Odysseus.
Phaiakian Queen, virtue or excellence
Favorite son of Alkinoos
peaceful people/depend on the sea
One of the two leading suitors, first to be killed by Odysseus
leader of the expedition to Troy
cocky suitor
Nestor's Son, greets Telemachos and Athena, accompanies Telemachos to Sparta
Odysseus' son
loyal swineherd
oxherd who stayed loyal to Odysseus
description word or phrase
Wife of Meneloas and cause of the Trojan War
goatherd who sided with the suitors and insulted Odysseus
Calypso's island; "navel of all the waters"
Husband of Helen
the city of Nestor
Rhododactylos Eos
rosy-fingered dawn
the land of the Phaiakians
whirlpool monster
Odysseus' dead mother; can't embrace her in Hades
Island homeland of Odysseus
Hermes Commission
Zeus & Athena talk about Odysseus and how Poseidon keeps him from getting home, and the send Hermes to see if there is word of Odysseus.
"Your father and I claim to be guest-friends by heredity from far back, as you would know if you went to the aged hero Laertes"
Athena disguised as Mentes in Ithaca