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31 Cards in this Set

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SOCIAL WORKERS
deal with family matters and makes home visits to improve parent-child interactions. They can also arrange for other service agency support.
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS
school professional who conducts psychoeducational assessments such as determining present levels of performance and academic, social-emotional, and adaptive functioning of students with disabilities
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS (PT)
Evaluates, plans and develops interventions to improve posture and balance; and to prevent bodily misformations; and to improve walking ability and other gross motor skills
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS (OT)
Has knowledge and skills that are oriented toward purposeful activities or tasks that require fine motor skills such as handwriting, cutting, shoe tying, feeding, dressing and other self help skills that enable a student to be independent
SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PATHOLOGISTS (SLP)
Evaluates a student’s speech and language abilities and develops appropriate goals in this area if necessary. Also may work with student’s with more severe disabilities to develop alternate or augmentative communication systems
SCHOOL GUIDANCE COUNSELORS
Can help provide direction for academic or behavioral improvements, social skills groups, lunch buddies, etc.
PACING
special ed requires that the pacing of instruction match the individual student's ability to learn what is taught
INTENSITY
special ed involves adjusting this by altering the time devoted to direct instruction and practice
RELENTLESSNESS
rather than adhering to a fixed timetable, special ed requires tenacity and persevearance to try a variety of approaches
STRUCTURE
special ed provides students with learning conditions that are more direct, organized, explicity and predictable
REINFORCEMENT
students require high rates of positive and tangible reinforcers to facilitate early aquisition of skills and behaviors
PUPIL-TEACHER RATIO
because special ed requires specific structures and relentless instruction, smaller ratios between teachers and students are necessary for success
CURRICULUM
for students with special needs this must be modified and adapted with specialized supports and/or instruction
COLLABORATION
the input and participation that is REQUIRED under IDEA
MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
special ed law requires specific procedures be followed in documenting student progress and performance
ART THERAPISTS
particular speciality is to help identified students express their emotions through art
MUSIC THERAPISTS
particular specialty is to help identified students express themselves through music and movement related to music
RECREATIONAL THERAPISTS
particular specialty is to help identified students learn to initiate and maintain play with other students and even animals
PARA EDUCATOR
supervising small groups, assisting in preparing materials, collecting student performance data, and helping with clerical tasks
SPECIAL EDUCATION RESOURCE ROOM TEACHER
responsible for monitoring students outside the classroom, meeting with parents, writing teaching plans, and conducting end-of-the-year assessments
No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
Strong accountability for results, increased flexibility and local control of schools, research-based teaching methods, options for parents, highly qualified teachers
Individuals with Disabilities Act 2004 (IDEA)
1. Nondiscriminatory identification
2. Assessment & evaluation
3. least restrictive environment
4. individual education plans
5. procedural safeguards
Section 504
Provides protections for those with disabilities who do not fit the definitions under IDEA
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Civil Rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and requires accessibility to buildings and their physical facilities.
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
When the preferred placement of general education classroom is not successful for a student and the school uses an alternative on the continuum of services, this is called
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
A program developed for a student with special needs that includes the present level of performance, annual goals, extent of participation in general education, and evaluation methods is called
Free and Appropriate Education (FAPE)
Individual students must be provided with a full range of appropriate direct and related education services at no cost to the student or their families
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
The court case that determined that African American students who were required to attend segregated schools were not receiving an equal education is __________________
Mills v. Board of Education
The court case that provides students with disabilities with access to a free appropriate public education and due process regardless of the school district’s financial status is ____________
Board of Education v. Rowley
The court case that requires programs of individualized education and enables a student to benefit from an education is ___________________
PARC v. the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
The court case that assured that a free appropriate education would be provided to all students and that there would be no exclusion of students with mental retardation is _____________