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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1900-1700
Patriarchal Age, time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
(Genesis 12-36)
1280
Exodus, out of Egypt.
(Exodus)
1225-1020
Period of Judges of Deborah, Gideon, Jepthath, and Samson.
(Judges)
1020
Kingdom of Israel request a king. God choses Saul.
1000
David appears as Saul's sucessor again chosen by God.
961
Solomon (david's son) is king.
922
Divided Israel Kingdom
869-850
Ahab marries Jezebel (worshipper of Baal). Created altar for Baal in Samaria, angered God more than any other. Also sacrifices his own child for a building.
Elijiah v. Ahab
(I Kings 16-19)
612
Fall of Ninevah. King of Media and Babylon destroy Nineveh. Assyrian Empire falls, begins rise of Babylonian Empire.
587/586
Revolt of Zedekiah.
Babylonians punish revolters by destruction of Jerusalem: temples and exhile.
586 Jerusalem destroyed.
547
Cyrus combines Media and Persia (Iran).
683
3 Archons
621
Drakon's law code - made law accessible to ppl. Punishment death.
594
Solon's Reform
546-527
Tyranny of Perisistratos
508
Reforms of Kleisthenes.
Radical Athenian Democracy.
490
Battle of Marathon.
hero Militiades v. Darios, King of Persia.
480
Battle of Salamis.
hero Themistokles v. Xerxes, King of Persia
479
Battle of Plataia.
Spartan victory.
Walls rebuilt and Delian confederacy by Themistokles.
480-479
Persian invasion ended.
454
Delian treasury transferred to Athens. Delian League now a part of the Athenian Empire.
431
King Archidamus invades Attica w/ Peloponnesian League; Pericle's "Funeral Oration".
427
Revolt of Mytilene:
"Debate of Cleon and Diodotus"
416
Destruction of Melos:
"Melian Dialogue"
415-413
Sicilian Expedition.
(Alicibades, Lamachos, Nicias)
Defeat of Athenians at Syracuse.
404
Defeat of Athens. Spartan victory.
431-404
Peloponnesian War
Aetological
giving a reason why.
Ex: Genesis and creation story.
Agora
ancient Greek place of congregation
Arete
Greek term for virtue. Reaching highest potential by any means.
Argumentum a fortiori
arguement that suggests in comparision one thing to another is either greater or the other is greater than it.
Hebrew Bible.
Baal
Ancient semetic god characterized by golden calf.
Barak
Israelite commander led by Deborah in Judges 4 but given more credit in Judges 5.
Boule
Part of Kleisthenes Reforms.
Athenian council.
500 members/10 tribes
50 ppl from each tribe a yr.
Rotate tribes head of Boule.
Deborah
Female prophet/judge. She convinces Israelites to defeat the Caananites, but in Judges 5 her contribution is minimized for sake of poetry.
Deme
Part of Kleisthenes reforms.
Voting districts (174).
Born into district and kept it for life.
Do ut des
I give that you may give.
Reciprocal agreement.
Ekklesia
Part of Kleisthenes reforms.
Athenian assembly.
6,000-10,000 all business passed through here.
Ephor
Part of Lycurgus.
5 checked on Spartan kings.
From apella.
Gerousia
Part of Lycurgus.
Old men assemby
(28 men over 60)
part of Aristocracy.
Gomer
Hosea's unfaithful wife.
Their relationship mirrors God's relationship w/ Israel.
Helot
Person in servitude (a serf) in Ancient Sparta.
Hill-Coast-Plain
3 factions caused Athenian strife.
Hill - aristocratic landowner
Coast - rising merchants
Plain - endebted farmers
Kleisthenes reforms solved problems.
Hoplite
Infantry type of warfare.
Most be able to afford own spear, cuirass, greaves and shield.
Tight lines.
Hyksos
Semitic ppl who invaded Egypt and ruled 16th/17th BC
JEDP
"Documentary Hypothesis".
Pentateuch written by 4 separate sources.
J- uses God's proper name Jahweh
E- uses God's name Elohim
D- Deutronomy, instructional
P- Priestly
Jeroboam II
Israelite ruler who worshipped Baal.
Critiqued by Hosea.
Krypetia
secret organization of elite who controlled serf population.
Lycurgus
system of Spartan Government.
Named after legendary Spartan.
Divided power btw king, Spartan citizenship, gerousia, and ephors.
Can also be seen as a monarchy (king), aristocracy (Gerousia), and democracy (apella).
Nebucadrezzar
king who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exhiled the Isralites to Babylon.
Omri
Israel's king.
Moved capital to Samaria and son (Ahab) succeeded him.
Phalanx
type of Macedonian warfare (256 men)
Similar to hoplite.
Philistines
Aegean ppl who settled ancient Philistia 12th BC.
Opponents to Saul and David.
Rhetra
laws of Spartan Lycurgus supposed to be Delphi oracles words. Favors gerousia.
Samaria
"City of Omri"
Samuel
Judge who annointed Israel's 1st king.
Theodicy
defend God's goodness w/ the existence of evil.
Ex: Job
To dikaion
Thucydide's "the just"
To sympheron
Thucydide's "the expedient"
Torah
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Trireme
Greek warship.
3 tiers of rowers.
Crew of 200=170 rowers+30 crewman and marines.