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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Singular Subject Pronouns:
yo

usted (Ud.)
él/ella
nosotros/nosotras
vosotros/vosotras
ustedes (Uds.)
ellos/ellas
Singular Subject Pronouns:
I
you (familiar, singular)
you (formal, singular)
he/she
we
you (plural formal)
they
tener:
tengo
tienes
tiene
tenemos
tenéis
tienen
to have:
I have
you have (informal)
he/she/it has
we have
you all have
they have
ser:
soy
eres
es
somos
sois
son
to be:
I am
you are (informal)
he/she/it is
we are
you all are
they are
estar:
estoy
estás
está
estamos
estáis
están
to be:
I am
you are (informal)
he/she/it is
we are
you all are
they are
gustar/gustan:
me gusta
te gusta
le gusta
nos gustan
os gustan
les gustan
to like:
i like
you like (informal)
he/she/it likes
we like
you all like
they like
Possessive adjectives
mi/mis
tu/tus
su/sus
nuestro/nustra/nustros/nuestras
vuestro/vuestra/vuestros/vuestras
su/sus
Possesive Adjectives
my
your (informal)
his/her/its
our
all your
your/their (formal & informal)
Definite Articles:
el/los
la/las
Definite Articles:
the (masc. sing./pl.)
the (fem. sing./pl.)
Indefinite Articles:
un/unos
una/unas
Indefinite Articles:
a (masc. sing./pl.)
a (fem. sing./pl.)
ir:
voy
vas
va
vamos
vais
van
to go:
I am going
you are going (informal)
he/she/it is going
we are going
you all are going (informal)
they are going/you (formal) are going
How does the verb ending change after an "ir a" statement? For example:
Voy a estudi___ mañana.
The verb ending does not change after any "to go" clause. That is:
I am going to study tomorrow.
How does the verb ending change after a "tener que" statement? For example:
Tengo que estudi___ mañana.
The verb ending does not change after any "have to" clause. That is:
I have to study tomorrow.
-ar verbs:
-o
-as
-a
-amos
-áis
-an
-ar verbs:
I
you (informal)
he/she/it/you (formal)
we
you
they & you (formal)
-er verbs:
-o
-es
-e
-emos
-éis
-en
-er verbs:
I
you (informal)
he/she/it/you (formal)
we
you
they & you (formal)
-ir verbs:
-o
-es
-e
-imos
-ís
-en
-ir verbs:
I
you (informal)
he/she/it/you (formal)
we
you
they & you (formal)
Do "gustar" verbs need articles? For example:
Me gusta (el) arte.
"gustar" verbs need articles, as in:
Me gusta EL arte.
Do "ser" verbs need articles? For example:
Tengo (el) arte.
"ser" verbs do not need articles, as in:
Tengo arte. (no el)
What is the difference between "ir a + place" and "ester en + place"?
"ir a" refers to a destination, or some place you're going TO.
"estar en" refers to a place where you ARE.
How would one indicate one's city or country?
"Ser de ... (cityt/country)"
How would one indicate one's nationality?
"Ser ... (nationality)"
How would one indicate one's name?
"Ser ... (name)"
How would one indicate what one does for a living?
"Ser ... (occupation)"
When would one use "ser" instead of "estar"?
Description (inherited characteristic)
Identification
Hour and time
Location of an event
The material something is made of
National origen
Posession
Profession
When would one use "estar" instead of "ser"
Description (temporary)
Description as a result of a change
Location of a person/place/thing
Before "bien" or "mal"
Before a gerund
To define a developing action