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42 Cards in this Set

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CRIME
BEHAVIOR IN VIOLATION OF THE CRIMINAL LAWS OF A STATE, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, OR A LOCAL JURISDICTION, WHICH HAS THE POWER TO MAKE SUCH LAWS
DEVIANCE
A VIOLATION OF SOCIAL NORMS DEFINING APPROPRIATE OR PROPER BEHAVIOR UNDER A PARTICULAR SET OF CIRCUMSTANCES
FELONIES
CRIMINAL OFFENSES PUNISHED BY DEATH OR BY INCARCERATION IN A PRISON FACILITY FOR AT LEAST A YEAR
MISDEMEANORS
CRIMINAL OFFENSES PUNISHED BY INCARCERATION, USUALLY IN A LOCAL CONDINEMENT FACILITY; FOR A PERIOD OF ONE YEAR OR LESS.
SHERRIFF
ELECTED CHIEF OFFICER OF A COUNTY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY; RESPONSIBLE FOR ENFORCEMENT IN UNINCORPORATED AREAS AND OPERATION OF THE COUNTY JAIL
PRIVATE PROTECTIVE SERVICES
INDEPENDENT OR PROPRIETARY COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS THAT PROVIDE PROTECTIVE SERVICES ON A CONTRACTUAL BASIS
PRIVATE PROTECTIVE SERVICES
INDEPENDENT OR PROPRIETARY COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS THAT PROVIDE PROTECTIVE SERVICES ON A CONTRACTUAL BASIS.
TEAM POLICING
THE REORGANIZATION OF CONVENTIONAL PATROL STRATEGIES INTO "AN INTEGRATED AND VERSATILE POLICE TEAM ASSIGNED TO A FIXED DISTINCT."
COMMUNITY POLICING
A COLLABORATIVE EFFORT BETWEEEN THE POLICE AND THE COMMUNITY THAT IDENTIFIES PROBLEMS OF CRIME AND DISORDER AND INVOLVES ALL ELEMENTS OF THE COMMUNITY IN THE SEARCH FOR SOLUTIONS TO THESE PROBLEMS.

PROBLEM-SOLVING
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
THE AGGREGATE OF ALL OPERATING AND ADMINISTRATIVE OR TECHNICAL SUPPORT AGENCIES THAT PERFORM CRIMINAL JUSTICE FUNCTIONS.
DIVISIONS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
1. LAW ENFORCEMENT
2. COURTS
3. CORRECTIONS
JUSTICE AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

SOCIAL CONTROL
THE USE OF SANCTIONS AND REWARDS AVAILABLE THROUGH A GROUP TO INFLUENCE AND SHAPE THE BAHVIOR OF INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS OF THAT GROUP.
*PRIMARY CONCERN OF SOCAIL GROUPS AND COMMUNITIES
INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS VS PUBLIC RIGHTS
A NEED TO BALANCE:

THE RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUALS FACED WITH CRIMINAL PROSECUTION

AGAINST

VALID INTERSTS OF SOCIETY IN PREVENTING FUTURE CRIMES AND IN REDUCING THE HARM CAUSED BY CRIMINAL ACTIVITY.
INDIVIDUAL-RIGHTS ADVOCATES
THOSE WHO SEK TO PROTECT PERSONAL FREEDOM WITHIN THE PROCESS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
PUBLIC-ORDER ADVOCATES
THOSE WHO SUGGEST THAT, UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES INVOLVING CRIMINAL THREATS TO PUBLIC SAFETY, THE INTERESTS OF SOCIETY SHOULD TAKE PRECEDENCE OVER INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS.
INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
THOSE RIGHTS GUARANTEED BY THE U.S. CONSTITUTION TO CRIMINAL DEFENDANTS FACING FORMAL PROCESSING BY THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS.
SOCIAL JUSTICE
AN IDEAL THAT EMBRACES ALL ASPECTS OF CIVILIZED LIFE AND WHICH IS LINKED TO FUNDAMENTAL NOTIONS OF FAIRNESS AND TO CULTURAL BELIEFS ABOUT RIGHT AND WRONG.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE
THE CRIMINAL LAW, THE LAW OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, AND THAT ARRAY OF PROCEDURES AND ACTIVITIES HAVING TO DO WITH THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE CRIMINAL LAW.
CRIMINAL JUCTICE V. SOCIAL JUSTICE
CRIMINAL JUSTICE CANNOT BE SEPARATED FROM SOCIAL JUSTICE BECAUSE THE KIND OF JUSTICE WE HAVE IS REFLECTED IN RIGHT AND WRONG.
JUSTICE
THE PRINCIPLE OF FAIRNESS; THE IDEAL OF MORAL EQUITY
CRIMINOLOGY
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF CRIME CAUSATION, PREVENTION, AND TEH REHABILITATION AND PUNISHEMENT OF OFFENDERS.
UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING
SINCE 1930, THE FBI HAS BEEN COMPILING STATISTICS ON CRIMES KNOWN TO THE POLICE.
CRIME INDEX
AN INCLUSIVE MEASURE OF THE VIOLENT AND PROPERTY CRIME CATEGORIES OF THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORT

AKA: PART I OFFENSES
PART I OFFENSE: CRIME CATEGORY
"MAJOR CRIMES"
1. MURDER
2. FORCIBLE RAPE
3. ROBBERY
4. AGGREVATED ASSAULT
5. BURLARY
6. LARCENY
7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT
8. ARSON
PART II OFFENSES:
"VICTIMLESS"
RECORDED ARRESTS, NOT CRIMES
1. SIMPLE ASSAULTS
2. FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING
3. FRAUD
4. EMBEZZLEMENT
5. STOLEN PROPERTY (RECEIVING)
6. VANDALISM
7. WEAPONS
8. PROSTITUTION
9. SEX OFFENSES
10. DRUG LAW VIOLATIONS
11. GAMBLING
12. OFFENSES AGAINST FAMILY
13. DRIVING UNDER INFLUENCE
NIBRS
(ACCRONYM STANDS FOR)
NATIONAL INCIDENTS-BASED REPORTING SYSTEM
(ACCRONYM)
NIBRS
WHAT IS IT?
AN INCIDENT DRIVEN SYSTEM WAS SUMMARY BASED
NIBRS
WHAT WAS THE OLD SYSTEM?
AN OLD SYSTEM DEPENDED UPON STATISTICAL TABULATIONS OF CRIME DATA WHICH WERE OFTEN LITTLE MORE THAN FREQUENCY COUNTS.
POLICE PROFESSIONALISM
THE INCREASING FORMALIZATION OF POLICE WORK AND THE RISE IN PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE OF THE POLICE WHICH ACCOMPANIES IT.
POLICE ETHICS
THE SPECIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR ADHERENCE TO MORAL DUTY AND OBLIGATION INHERENT IN POLICE WORK.
SOURCES OF DATA TO VIEW CRIME
USED AS A TOOL TO MAKE SOCIAL POLICY DECISIONS TO PROVIDE A PICTURE OF CRIME IN SOCIETY
4 PROBLEMS OF RELYING ON DATA
1. DIFFICULT TO INTERPRET.
2. CITIZENS DON'T ALWAYS REPORT CRIMES THAT OCCUR.
3. CERTAIN CRIMES ARE RARELY REPORTED AND DIFFICULT TO DETECT.
4. STATISTICS CAN'T CAPTURE THE HUMAN SUFFERING CAUSED BY CRIME.
UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING
SINCE 1930, THE FBI HAS BEEN COMPILING STATISTICS ON CRIMES KNOWN TO THE POLICE.
CRIME INDEX
AN INCLUSIVE MEASURE OF THE VIOLENT AND PROPERTY CRIME CATEGORIES OF THE UCR, KNOWN AS PART I OFFENSES
PART I OFFENSE:
CRIME CATEGORY
"MAJOR CRIMES"
1. MURDER
2. FORCIBLE
3. ROBBERY
4. AGGREVATED ASSAULT
5. BURGLARY
6. LARCENY
7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT
8. ARSON
PART II OFFENSES - "VICTIMLESS"
RECORDED ARRESTS, NOT CRIMES
1. SIMPLE ASAULTS
2. FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING
3. FRAUD
4. EMBEZZLEMENT
5. STOLEN PROPERTY (RECEIVING)
6. VANDALISM
7. WEAPONS
8. PROSTITUTION
9. SEX OFFENSES
10. DRUG LAW VIOLATIONS
11. GAMBLING
12. OFFENSES AGAINST FAMILY
13. DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCEQ
NIBRS
NATIONAL INCIDENTS-BASED REPORTING SYSTEM
AN INCIDENT DRIVEN SYSTEM WAS SUMMARY BASED.
NIBRS
THE OLD SYSTEM DEPENDED UPON STATISTICAL TABULATION OF CRIME DATA WHICH WERE OFTEN LITTLE MORE THAN FREQUENCY COUNTS.
NCVS
NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY
NCVS
ANNUAL SURVEY OF SELECTED AMERICAN HOUSEHOLDS CONDUCTED BY THE BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS (BJS) IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION THROUGHOUT THE U.S. - ESPECIALLY UNREPORTED VICTIMIZATION
HATE CRIMES
OFFFENSES IN WHICH THE DEFENDANT'S CONDUCT WAS MOTIVATED BY HATRED, BIAS, OR PREJUDICE, BASED ON THE ACTUAL OR PERCEIVED RACE, COLOR, RELIGION, NATIONAL ORIGIN, ETHNICITY, GENDER, OR SEXUAL ORIENTATION OF ANOTHER INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP OF INDIVIDUALS.
COMMUNITY POLICING
A COLLABORATIVE EFFORT BETWEEN THE POLICE AND THE COMMUNITY THAT IDENTIFIES PROBLEMS OF CRIME AND DISORDER AND INVOLVES ALL ELEMENTS OF THE COMMUNITY IN THE SEARCH FOR SOLUTIONS TO THESE PROBLEMS.