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8 Cards in this Set

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Be able to trace the evolution of the internet.
Internet was created in the 1960s as an educational and governmental experiment.
Understand transmission control protocol/internet protocol and state how the internet uses it
TCP/IP organizes and controls the flow of data on the internet by dividing information into small packets that are easily sent, distributed, and reassembled. TCP/IP is vital to internetworking because it provides the basic communications protocol for transmitting and receiving internet data.
Understand how the client/server model functions on the Internet.
Internet users request data such as web pages, and e-mail mssgs. from servers by using clients.
Know the elements required to connect an Internet client to the internet.
6 elements: Computer, operating system w/ TCP/IP installed, client software to access web, internet connection, proper internet addresses.
Be able to identify and describe the function of Network Access Points (NAPs).
NAPs connect networks to other networks and form the primary backbone of the internet. The US has five NAPs: San Francisco, Chicago, Washington DC, New York, Miami.
Be able to identify and describe major Internet protocols.
HTTP: Hypertext transfer protocol is used to transfer web pages.
SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol sends e-mails.
POP3: Post Office Protocol 3 retrieves e-mails.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol is used to transfer files.
NNTP: Network News Transfer Protocol is used to post and retrieve newsgroup messages.
Telnet: Emulates a text-only terminal
Gopher: Retrieves text-based information.
Understand domain names and virtual domains.
Domain names are used as a substitute for the numeric IP addresses of servers. A virtual domain is a domain name that is mapped to an IP address or another server.
Understand the functions of ICANN.
Internet Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers accredits the domain name registrars and sets rules and standards for domain name assignment.