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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Advantages of the South
1. Only had to fight defensively
2. outstanding generals and brave soldiers
3. draw with the North would mean victory for the South
Advantages of the North
1. Superior industrial infrastructure that supported its large industries and manufacturing plants
2. Superior navy and larger fighting power than South
Border States
These were states that allowed slavery but did not secede with the other 11 slave states. These states were Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and the newly formed state of West Virginia.
Anaconda Plan
Tatic north used to strangle the South's economy and to end the Civil War. The plan was to block Southern shipping, cut off Louisiana and Texas from the rest of the South at the Mississippi River, and divide the remaining southern states in half.
Continuous Voyage (Ultimate Destination)
This doctrine allowed the seizure of war supplies on British ships because these supplies were 'ultimately' destined for the Confederacy.
Fort Sumter
1861: US fort in Charleston, South Carolina. After South Carolina seceded, the North laid siege to Fort Sumter and began the Civil War.
First Bull Run
1861: First battle of the Civil War. Union soldiers commanded by Irwin McDowell were decisively defeated by Confederate soldiers under PGT Beauregard.
Clara Barton
Greatly aided Union medical effort by effcient methods of sending medical supplies to sick and wounded soliders. Later, she established the American National Red Cross in 1881.
Charles F. Adams
Ambassador to England and was instrumental in keeping England out of the US Civil War.
1861: British ship carrying two Confederate ambassadors to England. These ambassadors were captured by the US in neutral waters, but later released on a British threat of war.
English-made warship that the Confederacy purchased. After the war, the Union demanded compensation from the British for sale of warships to the Confederates because it had resulted in the destruction of hundreds of Union ships.
Laird Rams
Two identical iron-clad ships being constructed in Great Britain for the Confederacy. After the war, British government bought the two ships to ease tensions between the US and England.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate General and was the nation's most skilled strategist. Was a Virginian, a West Point graduate, and led the Confederates to many victories during civil war.
Thomas J. Jackson
Confederate commander who helped South win Bull Run. Nickname "Stonewall" came from unwillingness to yield an inch against the enemy. Soldiers under him command were called "foot calvary" because Jackson moved with speed and determination.
Ulysses S. Grant
Grant was in command of the western theater at the beginning of the war until he was defeated at Shiloh. He was later assigned by Lincoln to the eastern theater. Grant was an improvisor who would not follow traditional war tactics.
George McClellan
Commanded the Eastern theater of the war for the North. Also commanded the Peninsula Campaign but was fired after being too cautious in battle and allowing Lee's troops to escape after the Battle of Antietam.
William T. Sherman
Sherman commanded western theater after Grant was reassigned. His famous campaign was the "march to the sea." This campaign left a trail of destruction and ruin in the South.
George Meade
General of the Union army that forced General Robert E. Lee to retreat at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1862: Battle at Antietam was the bloodiest day during the Civil War and was the first Union victory in the eastern theater.
Emancipation Proclamation
1863: After Battle of Antietam, President Lincoln proposed a proclamation to free slaves in rebellious states while allowing slavery in the Border States. It was an attempt to curry British support for the Union.
1863: Grant and his armies laid siege to Vicksburg, Mississippi, for 7 weeks. This Union victory here and the victory at Gettysburg were turning points of the war.
1863: A little town in Pennsylvania, Gettysburg was the site of the greatest battle in North America (casualties totalled 55,000). The Union forces were commanded by George Meade and the Confederate forces by Robert E. Lee. Meade forced Lee to retreat after 3 days of heavy fighting. Gettysburg was the turning point for the Union army.
Appomattox Courthouse
1865: Site of the Confederate Surrender. First time Generals Lee and Grant sat down to discuss peace arrangements.
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederacy during Civil War. He was also an able military man who graduated from West Point.