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54 Cards in this Set

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Missouri Compromise
Admitted Maine as a free state. Admitted Missouria as a slave state.
36-30' line
Free-soil Movement
Didn't want to end slavery everywhere. Didn't want slaves or free blacks moving to the West.
Didn't want to compete with cheap/slave labor
Know-Nothing Party
Popular reaction to fears that major cities were being overwhelmed by Irish Catholic immigrants.
Protestants feared takeover
To focus on one section and not the whole country.
North, South, West
Ordinance of Nullification
declared the tariff of 1828 and 1832 null and void within South Carolina.
Began nullification crisis
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Slave rebellion in Virgina in 1831.
50+ peopled killed
Northern religious leaders hoping to end slavery.
Uncle Tom's Cabin, Stowe
William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist who found the Liberator.
published weekly issues for 35 years
Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist and author of North Star
most prominent figures of African-American history during this time
Crittenden Compromise
Proposal by John Crittenden to resolve US cession crisis of 1860-1861
house of representatives and senate rejected it
Fugitive Slave Act
Part of the Compromise of 1850 that required the return of runaway slaves
between southern slaveholders and northern free-soldier
Underground Railroad
network of undergronud routes where slaves tried to escape. estimated 30,000-100,000 people escaped
one leader was Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
African-American abolitionist. personally guided about 70 slaves to freedom.
Stephen Douglas
Nominee for President in 1860. lost to Abraham Lincoln.
helped shape 3rd party system
Wilmot Proviso
free and soil parties formed in support of this. would have outlawed slavery in any territory.
named for congressman david _____
Compromise of 1850
laws to regulate the spread of slavery in territories acquired from Mexico
was repealed with Kansas-Nebraska Act
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Settlers in Kansas and Nebraska could decide whether to be a free or slave state
popular sovereignty granted
Mason-Dixon Line
Part of the borders of Pennsylvania, Deleware, and Maryland
name for border between slave and free states
Uncle Tom's Cabin
novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Had profound effect on the North's view of slavery.
treats slavery as a central theme
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin".
wrote more than 13 books
John Brown
First white abolitionist to advocate the abolition of slavery.
Hanged in virgina for treason
Raid on Harper's Ferry
Led by John Brown hoping to initiate a slave uprising.
Captured weapons and resulted in hanging.
Bleeding Kansas
Attempt to influence whether Kansas would be a free or slave state
Directly presaged Civil War
Popular Sovereignty
People of the state have all political power
Gave the decision of free or slave state to settlers
Dred Scott vs Stanford
Ruled that African-Americans had no rights in America.
Supreme Court case in 1857
Roger B. Taney
Residing judge for the Dred Scott Case.
accused of carrying out "slave power"
Lecompton Controversy
Supported slavery in the proposed state. Prime topics of the Lincoln-Douglas debate.
Rejected by the Constitution
Election of 1860
Political System split 4 ways. Immediate result was the secession of 7 southern states.
Set the stage for the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln
16th presiden and 1st from Republican Party. Ended slavery and preserved the Union.
Secured passage of 13th amendment
South Carolina secedes
1st state to secede from the US. Part of the CSA.
Part of the southern secession
Fort Sumter
First shots of civil war fired here. Confederate batteries fired on the fort for 36 hours.
Began civil war
Confederate States of America
Formed by eleven states. US refused to recognize them.
US said this secession was illegal
Jefferson Davis
President of teh Confederate States of America
advocate for states' rights
Border States
Deleware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and Western Virgina
Divided free states and slave states
Democrats who opposed the civil war. Wanted immediate peace settlement with Confederates.
Name given by Republicans
Organized that army of the Potomac and briefly served as general-in-chief
Union Army
Led Union general i nthe civil war
18th President of the US
Received recognition for outstanding command. Most celebrated forces during civil war.
Two people
Famous for his Valley Campaign of 1862.
Army of Northern Virginia
Anaconda Plan
Proposed in 1861 by General Scott to win the war with minimal deaths.
Blockade the Confederacy
Sherman's March to the Sea
Conducted in late 1864 by Major General Sherman. Captured Atlanta then Savannah.
Savannah Campaign
"Total War"
General Sherman destroyed the south's resources required to make war.
war tactic
Draft Riots
Result of discontent with new laws passed to draft men into the civil war.
Predominently Irish
Confiscation Act
Any property used by Confederates during the civil war could be confiscated.
Permitting the seizure of slaves after the war
Site of prisoner-of-war camp. Camp Sumter.
Resembled Holocaust camp
Battle of the Monitor
First fight between two powered iron-covered warships. USS Monitor was the first ironclad warship.
Naval Battle
USS Merrimack
The hulk upon which CSS Virginia was built. Launched by the Boston Navy in 1855.
Screw Frigate if the US Navy
Appomattox Courthouse
Civil war ended here. Battle of Appomattox Court House.
House of Wilmer McLean
Gettysburg Address
Most Famous speech by Lincoln. Dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery.
"Four score and seven years ago..."
Emancipation Proclamation
Declared the freedom of all slaves in the areas of the Confederate States of America.
Created by President Lincoln
John Wilkes Booth
Assassinated Presiden Lincoln. Confederate sympathizer who was dissatisfied with the civil war outcome.
Ford's Theater
Site of the Lincoln assassination.
Lincol shot here.
13th Amendment
officially abolished slavery
Result of Emancipation Proclamation
Northerners who moved to the South
during Reconstruction