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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rural
country, farm land
Agrarian
country, farm land
Urban
city
Industrial
industries
Secede
to formally separate from a union (south seceded from the north)
draft
selecting people/forcing (over 25) to join military
carpettbaggers
People who came from the North to the south with suitcases and intentions to take advantage of the southerners
scalawags
traitors – a southerner working for the Union during Reconstruction
Reactionary
someone who doesn’t want change
Sharecropping
wealthy land owners rent out land for profit ~ poor farmers do all the work and have to pay the owners 1/3 – 1/2 of their profit
Seward’s Folly
1867 when William Seward bought Alaska for 7.2 million dollars  important land to USA  provided oil and gold  1867
animosity
hatred or ill-feeling
black codes
laws made preventing blacks from their unalienable rights
radical
extreme
Nullify
to take away for ever
Poll Taxes
taxes paid to vote
Segregation
separation by race
Abraham Lincoln
- Great Leader of the Union (big advantage to union because they had him)
- Tried to get Robert E. Lee to join union – (refused)
- First republican to be elected president
- Elected in 1860
- Great President
- Won Civil War – shot 5 days after at the Ford Theatre by John Wilkes Booth and died
Robert E. Lee
- Great general for the South
- Refused to Lincoln to join Union
George McClellan
- general for union
- spent his time preparing his troops
- didn’t follow south when he had the chance
- fired by Lincoln
Ulysses S. Grant
- Elected president
- Honorable – nice guy
- NOT a good president
- Trusted everyone
- ^caused corruption
William Tecumseh Sheritan
- from north  furious about 13th, 14th and 15th amendmentsdidn’t like African Americans
Jefferson Davis
- President of confederacy
- Southerners blamed loss on him
John Wilkes Booth
- Part of group against Lincoln
- Assassinated Lincoln
- Fled
54th Massachusetts Infantry
- all black
- helped save fort Wagner, South Carolina
- half of regiment killed
Walt Whitman
- Wrote “O Captain, My Captain” honoring Lincoln
Freedmen’s Bureau
- Congress created it to help blacks/ former slaves get by with necessities food, shelter, clothing, opened schools
Andrew Johnson
- Vice President of Lincoln  became president when Lincoln died
- Horrible president
- Compared to a brick wall  didn’t bend at all and wouldn’t listen to what other’s had to say
- Almost impeached but one by one lost vote
- Democrat
Ku Klux Klan
- white Christian hate group
- created in 1866
- supremacists – think they are supreme
- secret – wear costumes robes and a mask  to hide identity and to create a sense of power and fear
- still exist in all 50 states
Jim Crow
- Symbol  caricature symbolizing freed slaves
 freed slaves are considered:
 barbaric
 uncivilized
 simple-minded
- represent system of segregation
 restaurants
 water fountains
 schools
 churches
 Etc.
Election of 1860
- Lincoln elected
- First republican president
- Elected without votes from south
Antietam
- considered the bloodiest war in US military history
- 26,000 men dead, wounded or missing
- Lee withdraws to Virginia
- Lincoln visits troops and leaders
Emancipation Proclamation
- January 1
- Lincoln officially frees slaves
- Emphasizes enlistment of black soldiers
- Shifts the war’s focus
 Originally to preserve Union
 Now to abolish slavery
Battle of Gettysburg/ Gettysburg Address
- Major turning point in war
- Confederates defeated
- (Pennsylvania)
- Address – extremely powerful 2 minute speech given by Abe Lincoln November 19
13th amendment
- January 31
- Slavery officially abolished
Sheritan’s March to the Sea
- Leaves 300 mile long, 60 mile wide path of destruction from Atlanta to coast
- Not considered a gentlemen-like way to fight
- Not nice guy
- Incredibly racist toward native Americans
- “The only good Indian is a dead Indian” –Sherman
Surrender at Appomattox (April 9, 1865)
- Robert E. Lee surrenders
Lincoln’s assassination
- took wife to the Ford theatre 5 days after civil war ends
- shot bye John Wilkes Booth
- died the next day
Reconstruction 1865 – 1877
- presidential reconstruction
 Freedom’s Bureau
 Black codes
 Radical Republicans created
 Civil Rights Act of 1866
- Congressional Reconstruction
 free rights to everyone in US
 16 blacks in congress
 Andrew Johnson almost impeached
- was a chance to rebuild the USA and make it actually equal – time with potential  lost it
Radical Republicans
- a group of people who believed in black’s rights and made laws to protect them
- against Johnson because he didn’t do anything to stop the black codes in the south