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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
country, farm land
country, farm land
to formally separate from a union (south seceded from the north)
selecting people/forcing (over 25) to join military
People who came from the North to the south with suitcases and intentions to take advantage of the southerners
traitors – a southerner working for the Union during Reconstruction
someone who doesn’t want change
wealthy land owners rent out land for profit ~ poor farmers do all the work and have to pay the owners 1/3 – 1/2 of their profit
Seward’s Folly
1867 when William Seward bought Alaska for 7.2 million dollars  important land to USA  provided oil and gold  1867
hatred or ill-feeling
black codes
laws made preventing blacks from their unalienable rights
to take away for ever
Poll Taxes
taxes paid to vote
separation by race
Abraham Lincoln
- Great Leader of the Union (big advantage to union because they had him)
- Tried to get Robert E. Lee to join union – (refused)
- First republican to be elected president
- Elected in 1860
- Great President
- Won Civil War – shot 5 days after at the Ford Theatre by John Wilkes Booth and died
Robert E. Lee
- Great general for the South
- Refused to Lincoln to join Union
George McClellan
- general for union
- spent his time preparing his troops
- didn’t follow south when he had the chance
- fired by Lincoln
Ulysses S. Grant
- Elected president
- Honorable – nice guy
- NOT a good president
- Trusted everyone
- ^caused corruption
William Tecumseh Sheritan
- from north  furious about 13th, 14th and 15th amendmentsdidn’t like African Americans
Jefferson Davis
- President of confederacy
- Southerners blamed loss on him
John Wilkes Booth
- Part of group against Lincoln
- Assassinated Lincoln
- Fled
54th Massachusetts Infantry
- all black
- helped save fort Wagner, South Carolina
- half of regiment killed
Walt Whitman
- Wrote “O Captain, My Captain” honoring Lincoln
Freedmen’s Bureau
- Congress created it to help blacks/ former slaves get by with necessities food, shelter, clothing, opened schools
Andrew Johnson
- Vice President of Lincoln  became president when Lincoln died
- Horrible president
- Compared to a brick wall  didn’t bend at all and wouldn’t listen to what other’s had to say
- Almost impeached but one by one lost vote
- Democrat
Ku Klux Klan
- white Christian hate group
- created in 1866
- supremacists – think they are supreme
- secret – wear costumes robes and a mask  to hide identity and to create a sense of power and fear
- still exist in all 50 states
Jim Crow
- Symbol  caricature symbolizing freed slaves
 freed slaves are considered:
 barbaric
 uncivilized
 simple-minded
- represent system of segregation
 restaurants
 water fountains
 schools
 churches
 Etc.
Election of 1860
- Lincoln elected
- First republican president
- Elected without votes from south
- considered the bloodiest war in US military history
- 26,000 men dead, wounded or missing
- Lee withdraws to Virginia
- Lincoln visits troops and leaders
Emancipation Proclamation
- January 1
- Lincoln officially frees slaves
- Emphasizes enlistment of black soldiers
- Shifts the war’s focus
 Originally to preserve Union
 Now to abolish slavery
Battle of Gettysburg/ Gettysburg Address
- Major turning point in war
- Confederates defeated
- (Pennsylvania)
- Address – extremely powerful 2 minute speech given by Abe Lincoln November 19
13th amendment
- January 31
- Slavery officially abolished
Sheritan’s March to the Sea
- Leaves 300 mile long, 60 mile wide path of destruction from Atlanta to coast
- Not considered a gentlemen-like way to fight
- Not nice guy
- Incredibly racist toward native Americans
- “The only good Indian is a dead Indian” –Sherman
Surrender at Appomattox (April 9, 1865)
- Robert E. Lee surrenders
Lincoln’s assassination
- took wife to the Ford theatre 5 days after civil war ends
- shot bye John Wilkes Booth
- died the next day
Reconstruction 1865 – 1877
- presidential reconstruction
 Freedom’s Bureau
 Black codes
 Radical Republicans created
 Civil Rights Act of 1866
- Congressional Reconstruction
 free rights to everyone in US
 16 blacks in congress
 Andrew Johnson almost impeached
- was a chance to rebuild the USA and make it actually equal – time with potential  lost it
Radical Republicans
- a group of people who believed in black’s rights and made laws to protect them
- against Johnson because he didn’t do anything to stop the black codes in the south