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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Barron v. Baltimore
Upheld that the Bill of Rights only applied to the national government.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
States cannot subsidize religious instruction.
Mitchell v. Helms
Public funds are allowed to be used for computers/internet in religious schools.
Aguilar v. Felton
Public funds cannot be used for disadvantaged students in religious schools.
Agostini v. Felton
Overturned Aguilar v. Felton.
Engel v. Vitale
New York Board of Regents' prayer declared unconstitutional.
Wallace v. Jaffree
Alabama minute of silence in public schools declared unconstitutional. Interpreted to mean that a moment of silence is constitutional as long as its intention is strictly secular.
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe
Student-led prayer may not utilize public-address system.
Stone v. Graham
Kentucky posting of Ten Commandments in classrooms is unconstitutional.
Epperson v. Arkansas
Law forbidding the teaching of evolution is declared unconstitutional.
Edwards v. Aguillard
Law requiring the teaching of biblical creationism is declared unconstitutional.
Rosenberger v. University of Virginia
University's refusal to fund Christian newsletter declared unconstitutional.
Good News Club v. Milford Central School
Milford School's refusal to allow the Good News Club to meet on campus while allowing other groups to associate declared unconstitutional.
City of Boerne v. Flores
Overturned the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, a law seen as overly-accommodating to religions acting contrary to state/local laws.
New York Times v. United States
Newspaper allowed to publish information on illegally obtained Pentagon papers.
Tinker v. Des Moines School District
Ban on black armbands, an anti-Vietnam War sign, declared unconstitutional.
Texas v. Johnson
Law prohibiting flag burning declared unconstitutional.
Virginia v. Black
Ban on cross burning with intent to intimidate upheld.
Nike v. Kasky
Any corporate statement is considered commercial speech.
Schenck v. United States
Established "clear and present danger" test.
Gitlow v. New York
Court upholds conviction of Gitlow, who distributed pamphlets advocating the violent overthrow of the government. Established "bad tendency" rule.
Dennis v. United States
Court upholds convictions of 12 Communists advocating the overthrow of the government. Established "grave and probable danger" rule.
Bradenburg v. Ohio
Court overturns KKK leader's conviction. Established incitement test.
Jacobellis v. Ohio
Supreme Court avoids defining obscenity.
Miller v. California
Established Miller test for obscenity.
Osborne v. Ohio
Bans child pornography.
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union
Overturns Communications Decency Act on the grounds that it is too encompassing.
Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth
Court upholds university using student activity fees to support all clubs, regardless of the beliefs of those paying as on the grounds that they provide for the free exchange of ideas, etc..
Doe v. University of Michigan
University prohibition of hate speech declared unconstitutional.
Yahoo! v. League Against Racism and Antisemitism
Foreign internet communication restriction laws cannot be enforced in the United States.
New York Times v. Sullivan
Protects newspaper from being sued for libel for making unintentional false statements about a public official. Established "actual malice" rule.
Richmond Newspaper v. Virginia
Court trials must be open to the public unless it is an exceptionally unusual case.
Smith v. Collin
Nazis given the right to assemble in a predominantly Jewish suburb of Skokie, Illinois.
City of Chicago v. Morales
Chicago anti-loitering ordinance declared unconstitutional on the grounds that it gave the police too much power to interpret loitering.
Olmstead v. United States
Justice Louis Bandeis's dissent introduces the idea of the right to privacy.
Griswold v. Connecticut
Establishes the right to privacy, saying it is found in the "penumbras" of other amendments.
Roe v. Wade
Establishes right to privacy in abortions as between a woman and her physician.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
One of many cases creating complex rules making it difficult for women to get abortions.
Cruzan v. Director of Missouri Department of Health
Life-sustaining treatment can be withdrawn by family members with "clear and convincing evidence".
Gideon v. Wainwright
Applied Sixth Amendment right to counsel to all accused criminals who could not afford an attorney.
Miranda v. Arizona
Established Miranda rights.
Mapp v. Ohio
Upholds exclusionary rule in state courts.
Nix v. Williams
Allows illegally obtained evidence to be used in court if it can be proved that it would have been obtained legally.
Massachusetts v. Sheppard
Establishes "good faith" exception to exclusionary rule.
Furman v. Georgia
Declares the Georgian system of imposing death sentences unconstitutional on the grounds that it is random and arbitrary. Precedent for the bifurcated system.
Ring v. Arizona
Juries, not the judge, are to impose the death penalty.