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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A democracy is a form of government that is run by the people. The United States is a very well known democracy
A republic is a nation that is not led by monarch, usually a president. A republican nation is one that’s power is in the hands of its citizens. These citizens are responsible for electing representatives trough the act of voting.
Constitutional monarchy
A constitutional monarchy is a nation that is ruled by a monarch. The laws set forth in the constitution limit said monarch’s power. Ion modern times, the monarchy type is almost always mixed with a representative democracy, a branch led by the Prime Minister
Theocracy is a form of government in which the laws and/or rulers are very close those of the national religion. All governmental decisions are based on, in favor of, or guided by a religious aspect. Some types include ones that are ruled by a monarch and a religious leader, ones ruled completely by clergy, and ones indirectly run by clergy.
Oligarchy is a form of government in which the political power is in the hands of a small sect of the nation’s society. The wealthy, military, or families lead these political parties. However, not always ruled by the wealthy, that is the normal group of power
Totalitarianism is a political system in which the government controls every aspect of day-to-day life. Often confused with dictatorship, totalitarianism goes much farther in controlling its citizens. Totalitarianistic governments often are known for using propaganda to control a population.
A fascist government is one in which the ruler and the ruler’s political party have complete control over a country. The dictator often uses fear to control any opposition to the government.
Feudalism was a medieval system in which people were given land and protection by the landlord in exchange for working the land and fighting for the landlord. The feudalism ideology was based on social status
A matriarchy is mostly considered a tradition by many, but a form of government by some as well. In a matriarchal society, women are the dominant force. Almost all governmental decisions and power is in the hands of women
Three branches of government
The three branches of the US’s government are the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The executive branch is the branch that the president is considered part of. The legislative branch houses Congress. The Judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court.
Three levels of government
There are three levels of government in our country. Most powerful is the federal government. The federal government is in charge of national issues. The next most powerful level of government is the state. This level is only in charge of people and issues between the state lines. The least powerful is the local government, which usually controls cities, counties or towns
Checks and balances
Checks and balances system is one where any one branch of our government limits the power of another branch of government
Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence is a document signed by the founding fathers of our nation on July 4th, 1776. This document declared that the thirteen colonies were an independent nation from England
The Preamble to the US Constitution is the preface to the US Constitution. This selection states what the founding fathers set out to provide and do to make a democratic nation in the United States
The Constitution is the document declaring basic rights, laws, and activities to be followed by the government and people
Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the US Constitution. These amendments declare basic rules/rights of US citizens
is a written motion adopted by a deliberative body
A referendum is a vote by the people on a public measure. A referendum is also called a preposition or a ballot measure
A petition is a letter signed by people requesting a policy or law to be changed
A term (in civics) is a period of time, or limited service
A president can veto a bill that comes through his office. This means he can decline to support the bill’s becoming a law
Civil disobedience
refusing to follow civil law in an effort to change the legislative policy or law
Civil Rights
A civil right is one that is promised by virtue of citizenship under the guarantee of the US Constitution
Electoral College
The Electoral College is a group of electors from all of the states, chosen to formally vote for the President and Vice President
A platform in the political world is the set of principles that a party follows in order to appeal to the general public
A Democrat is a person who belongs to the Democratic party. This is considered the more Liberal political party of the two
A Republican is a member of the Republican party. The Republican party is the more conservative party
Presidential Election 2004
The Presidential Election of 2004 is an upcoming event happening on November 2nd, 2004. That is the day on which the nation will vote for our new president