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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Preamble
the opening section of the Constitution
Article I
Deals with Legislative Branch=Congress=Powers to pass laws
Article II
Deals with Executive Branch=President=Powers to enforce
Article III
Deals with Judicial Branch=Supreme Court=Powers to interpret laws
Article IV
Deals with how states deal with one another
Article V
Amendment Process
Article VI
National Supremecy (Federal law rules over all)
Article VII
Ratification
Amendment Process
1-Changes are proposed by a member of Congress
2-For passage in Congress, amendments require 2/3 vote of approval
3-Next step is presentation to State Legislatures
4-Requires 3/4 vote approval of the 50 state legislature
Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause)
This clause gives Congress the right to make all lawas "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses.
Popular Sovereignty
The notion that power lies with the people
Rule of Law
Principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
Separation of Powers
The 3 branches (legislative, executive, and judicial)
Checks and Balances
A system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others
Federalism
A form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Enumerated (Expressed/Delegated) Powers
Powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution
Reserved Powers
Powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Concurrent Powers
Powers shared by the state and federal governments
Supremacy Clause
***The clause that states that Federal laws overrule State laws***
Implied Powers
Powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution