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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Government
the authority, or power, that rules on behalf of a group of people
Dictator (Dictatorship)
a form of government in which all power is in the hands of one person or group of persons
Monarchy
a form of government in which a king, queen, prince (a monarch) rules and sometimes is in charge of the government
Laws
All the rules of conduct of a nation that are enforced by government
Constitution
a written plan of government for a nation
Ideals
basic beliefs or standards of conduct that people attempt to live up to
Declaration of Independence
a key document of American freedom, adopted in July 4, 1776, declaring the 13 American colonies to be free and independent of Great Britain
Articles of Confederation
our nation's first written plan of government, in effect from 1781 to 1789
Delegates
representatives who were chosen to attend the COnstitution Convention
Constitutional Convention
the meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 at which the Constitution of the United States was written
Founding Fathers
the men who founded the U.S. by writing/ adopting the constitution
Parliament
the lawmaking body of Great Britian
Bicameral
a lawmaking body consisting of two houses
Unicameral
a lawmaking body consisting of one house
Great Compromise
the agreement reached by the constituational convention that all states should have equal representation in the senate and be represented according to the size of their population in the house
Amend (amendment)
to change: a written change or addition in the constitution
Ratification (ratify)
to approve; approval of the constitution in 1787 or of a constitutional amendment
Represenative
members of the house of representatives or a person who represents a group of people in the government
constitution of the united states
the plan of government approved in 1789 to be the "supreme law of the land"
federal government
the national government of our nation
legislative Branch
the branch of our federal, state, or local government that makes the laws
Executive Branch
the branch of our federal, state, or local government that carries out the laws
Judical Branch
the branch of the federal, state, or local government the decides if laws have been broken and the punishes lawbreakers
Bill
a proposed law being considered by a lawmaking body
Checks and Balances
the way in which the powers of government are balanced, or divided, among three branches, so that each branch may check, or limit, the other branches
Cabinet
the heads of the executive departments in the federal government, who also act as advisors to the president
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the constitution, which set forth the basic rights, or freedoms, guaranteed to all americans
Unwritten Constitution
the traditional ways of doing things in our federal government that are seldom written down or made into laws
Theocracy
Based on a theology or religious faith. it is a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler and the God's or deity's laws are beong interpreted by government officals
Anarchy
complete disorder that can result from having no government or laws
Divine Right
the doctrine the monarchs derive their right to rule directly from God and are accountable only to God
Socialism
under a socalist system the government has ownership over the countries basic goods and services, however some services are owned by private businessess
common sense
a set of pamphlets authored by thomas paine that encouraged separation from the crown
Mercantilism
the theory and system of politics of developing colonies to maintain a balance of trade
olive branch petition
a letter written to king george III from the members of the 2nd continental congress that appealed to the king to address colonial grievances to avoid war
communism
political system in which ownership of all product and land are in the hands of the people, and all goods are eqally shared
Age of Enlightenment
occurred in the 18th century, philosophers wrote new ideas on politics such as the role of the divine right of kings and the separation of church and state
English Bill of Rights
predecessor to the U.S Bill of Rights, outlined new rights for the English people such as "no taxation without representation"