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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study of citizenship and government
a group of people who make laws for a state or a country
Popular Sovereignty
The idea that the people should have the right to rule themselves
Civil Rights
The rights guanteed to the U.S. citizens
The authority of a court to hear and decide a case
economic system in which individuals invest money in businesses in hopes of a profit
control of supply of a particular product or service by one company or a small group of people
National Debt
total amount the gov. owes on money it has borrowed
process of conducting relations with foreign gov.
use of tariffs to protect a nations economy
two house legislator
group appointed by the president to act as advisors & be in charge of various gov. departments
writ of habeas corpus
cpurt order that guarentees a person arrested the right to appear before a judge in a court of law
Executive Order
rule issued by the president that has the force of law
Primary election
election held among party members to nominate candidates to run for office
an areas system of roads, bridges, water, and sewers
word meaning "openess" that refers to a policy introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev in Soviet Union
something purchase with hopes of a profit
Plea Bargin
agreement in which defendent pleads guilty to a lesser charge so the case doesn't have to go to trial
Penal Code
document that defines what acts are considered crimes within a state
Ruled that a police officer must inform suspects of their rights at the time of arrest.
Miranda V. Arizona
One of the descriptions the colonist used for King George III.
Absolute ruler with the right to unlimited control over the rule of its people.
Landmark case established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review.
Marbury V. Madison
Established the tradition of direct democracy that still common in New England.
Mayflower Compact
Agreement that created the U.S. bicameral legislator, proposed by the Connecticut Delegates
Great Compromise
Supreme court landmark case that establiishe seperate but equal policy permitted segregation
Plessy V. Ferguson
Nobles forced King James to sign this document that said "no man is above the law"
Magna Carta
Any change in the constitution.
A type of election that is limited to vote for a particular political party only
General Election