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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a political community that occupies a definate territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enfore laws without approval from any higher authority
state
group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes religion
nation
a country in which the territory of both the nation and the state coincide
nation-state
an agreement about basic beliefs
consensus
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
sovereignty
the institution through which the state maintains socail order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
government
theory that by contract, people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens
social contract
a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
unitary system
a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial govenments
federal system
a loose union of independant states
confederacy
a plan that provides the rules for government
constitution
a government in which a constitution has authority to place cleary recognized limits on the powers of those who govern
constitutional government
a statement in a constitution that sets forth the goals and purposes of government
preamble
law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. constitution
constitutional law
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
politics
a nation with large industries and advanced technology that provides a more comfortable way of life than developing nations
industrialized nation
a nation only beginning to develop industrially
developing nation
a system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
autocracy
autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises supreme powers of government
monarchy
a system of government in which a small group holds powers
oligarchy
government in which the people rule
democracy
a government in which voters hold soveign power
republic
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
political party
the opportunity to control one's own economic decisions
free enterprise
the study of human efforts to satisfy seemingly unlimited wants through the use of limited resources
economics
an economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises
capitalism
economic system in which buyers and sellers make free choices in the marketplace
free market
the philosophy that government should keep its hands off the economy
laissez-faire
an economic system in which the government owns the basic means of production and wages, and provides social services
socialism
capitalists who own the means of production
bourgeoisie
workers who produce the goods
proletariat
pean economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
communism
an economic system in which the government controls the factors of production
command economy
a system in which the power of the government is limited, not absolute
limited government
a system of government in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct governments
representative government
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
separation of powers
the money a government collects from taxes or other sources
revenue
an agreement prohibiting trade
embargo
to approve
ratify
a single-chamber legislature
unicameral
to yeild
cede
a law
ordinance
trade among the states
interstate commerce
not sanctioned by law
extralegal
political disorder
anarchy