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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
common sense
a set of pamphlets authored by Thomas Paine that encouraged separation from the Crown.
the theory and system of politics of developing colonies to maintane a balance of trade
olive branch petition
a letter written to King George III from the members of the 2nd continential congress that appealed to the King to address colonial grievances to avoid war
political system in which ownership of all product and land are in the hands of the people, and all goods are equally shared
Age of Enlightenment
philosophers wrote new ideas on polotics such as the role of the divine right of kings and the seperation of church and state
english bill of rights
outlined new rights for the English people such as no taxation without representation
government by the people
Representative Democracy
Government where the people elect leaders to carry out the rules and ideals that they want
Direct Democracy
a system of government in which all citizens participate in politics and decision making
John Locke
Influential English philosophers who inspired Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independance
Thomas Jefferson
authored the Declaration of Independance
James Madison
Father of the Constitution
violation of allegiance
a person who betrays his country
Constitutional Monarchy
which means that the king shares power with a group of advisors or a democratic body
colonists loyal to the united states
Colonists loyal to the british
Thomas Paine
author of "common sense"
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Intolerable Acts
Acts of law passed by England to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party
a group of nations or states united for a common cause
American Revolution
War fought to gain American independance from England
1st continental congress
a body of 55 representative appointed by colonial legislatures who met to plan a response to Englands intolerable acts
Boston Tea Party
an act of protest of the stamp act by the American Colonists against England
2nd Continental Congress
a body of representatives who met and approved the Declaration of Independance
armed civilians fighting during the Revolutionary War
a company or group having exclusive control over commercial activity
John Adams
a drving force calling for independance from England
Three - fifths Compromise
a compromise reached by the Northern states and southern states over how to count the slave population
people who supported the constitution
Anti - Federalists
People who were against the constitution
Virginia Plan
Large states plan for a bicameral congress with representation to be based on population
New Jersey Plan
Small states plan for a unicameral congress with equal representaion