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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an electronic device, operating under the control of instuctions stored in it's own memory
computer
conveys meaning and is useful to one or more people
information
anyone who communicates with a computer or utilizes the information it generates
user
series of input, process, output, and storage activities
information processing cycle
electric, electronic, and mechanical components
hardware
any hardware component that allows you to enter data or instructions into the computer
input device
video camera

input or output?
input device
printer

input of output?
output device
mouse

input or output?
input device
keyboard

input or output?
input device
monitor

input or output?
output device
speakers

input or output?
output device
microphone

input or output?
input device
scanner

input or output?
input device
digital camera

input or output?
input device
any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people
output device
box-like case that contains the electronic components of the computer
system unit
electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer
processor/central processing unit (CPU)
circuitry of the system unit, usually is part of or is connected to a circuit board called this
motherboard
consists of the electronic components that store instructionswaiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions
memory
where computer keeps data, instructions, and information
storage media
DVD, memory cards, and USB flash drives are all types of?
storage media
records/writes and/or retrieves(reads) items to and from storage media
storage device
disk drive, USB flash drive, system unit are all?
storage devices
card reader/writer, CD/DVD drive, floppy/hard disk drive are all?
storage devices
a hardware component that enables a computer to send (tranmit) and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers
communications device
modem is a type of?
communications device
collection of computers and devices connected together via communications devices and transmission media
network
when a computer connects to it's network
online
can contain text, graphics, audio, and video
web page
series of instructions that tell the computer what to do and how to do it
software/program
interact with software using text, graphics, and visual images (icons)
graphical user interface (GUI)
consists of the programs that control or maintain the operations of the computer and it's devices
system software
operating system and utility program are types of?
system software
set of programs that coordinates all the activities among the computer hardware devices
operating system
allows a user to perform maintenance type tasks usually related to managing a computer, it's devices or it's programs
utility program
consists of programs that perform specific tasks for users
application software
web browser is an example of?
application software
spreadsheet software and database software are examples of?
application software
word processing and presentation graphics software are examples of?
application software
develops application or system software, writes instructions that direct the computer to process data into information
programmer
can perform all of it's input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself
personal computer
desktop and laptop computers are examples of?
personal computers
has one possibly more connected users to a network, usually costs several hundred to several thousand dollars
personal computer
computing device small enough to hold in your hand
mobile device
usually one computer connected to a network, usually costs one to several thousand dollars
mobile device
A handheld computer is an example of?
mobile device
PDA is a type of?
mobile device
smartphone is a type of?
mobile device
web enabled telephone
smart phone
computer size of a small cabinet, used to be called a mini computer
midrange server
computer that fills up a partial-full room of equipment, and usually costs $300,000-several million dollars
mainframe computers
This type of computer usually networks hundreds- thousands of users, and is used by banks and airlines
mainframe computers
This type of computer usually connects two- thousands to a network, and usually costs $5000-$850,000
midrange server
fastest most powerful computer, 100 trillion instructions per second
super computer
full room of equipment, hundreds- thousands of users connected to a network
super computer
computer costs $500,000-85 million
super computer
companies that use this type of computer- online banking, aerospace, mediciene and nuclear
super computer
any company with fewer than 50 employees
small ofice/home office (SOHO)
work on computer while away from main office or school
mobile user
large business network of computers
enterprise computing/large business user
requires capabilities of a powerful desktop computer called a workstation
power user
engineers, scientists, architects are examples of?
power users
health care proffesionals in seperate locations can conduct live conferences because of?
telemediciene
use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)
oil drilling and auto manufacturing are examples of?
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)
can connect to the web wirelessly
web enabled