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31 Cards in this Set

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Talmud
a collection of writings that contains authorative traditions and practices of Judaism
Mishnah
oral traditions and interp. of scripture from the first and second century AD, before the Talmud
tractates
dvisions within the 6 "orders" of the talmud
Yeshivas
religious jewish schools
Shema
Deut 6:4
"Hear of Israel the Lord your God is one"
important in prayer ceremony
tefellin
boxes with leather straps that are bound to forehead to "bind word to forehead" as scripture says
zitzit
garment with fringes to remember God's commandments
Orthodox Judaism
most observant branch of Judaism
Reform Judaism
harmonization of Judaism with modern life
Conservative Judaism
middle ground b/t Orthodox & Reform
Haidism
branch of Judaism started by Baal Shem Tov
Baal Shem Tov
18th century rabbi and spiritual leader of Haisidic Judaism
Birkas HaMozon
a prayer consisting of 4 blessings that are said after any meal where bread is consumed
Chumash
shorthand for the first five books of the Bible
Kibud Ov
honor him (honor your parents)
Krias Shema
"declaration of shema" 3 times a day recitation of prayer
Matzos
unleavened bread
Mezuzah
small contatiner that holds a parchment scroll with Bible verses
Modeh ani
I give thanks. opening words of a morning prayer
Passover Sedorim
home ceremonies held on the first night of Passover
Pesach
hebrew word for passover
Purim
A Jewish festival celbrating the deliverance of the Jewish people as told in the book of Esther
Ribbono Shel Olam
Master of the Universe
Rosh Hashonoh
the first day of the Jewish holiday of New Year
Shofar
A ram's horn that is blown on special occasions
Simchas Torah
rejoicing in the law. a festival that celebrates the reading of the first 5 books of the Bible
Sitra Achre
"the other side". evil.
Succos
tabernacles or tents. holiday marks end of agricultural season. celebrated by eating all meals in a tent outside.
Yoh Ribbon Olam
Yiddish expression similar to the term "Master of the Universe"
Yom Kippur
"the day of atonement" most holy day of the Jewish year
Zemiros
"psalms or hymns" specifically sung for the songs sung during and after the sabboth meal