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150 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What canal separates the continent of Africa from Asia?
The Suez Canal
The Suez Canal joins the Mediterranean Sea with what other sea?
The Red Sea
Which country was instrumental in constructing the Suez Canal?
France
In what country is the Suez Canal located?
Egypt
In the 1800's, Britain became the worlds banker by....
investing capital overseas and earning high profits
What is the name given to the policy whereby a country conquers other countries then uses their resources for their own benefit?
imperialism
In which African country was the Boer war fought?
South Africa
The Boers were descendants of settlers from what European country?
Netherlands
Who was the famous British author who "pushed" the idea of a British empire, especially in India?
Rudyard Kipling
What was one of the Main products of South Africa?
Diamonds
Excluding Great Britain, Germany, France, Spain, and Italy, which two other European countries had colonies in Africa during the age of imperialism?
Portugal and Belgium
What was the major source of power for factories and transportation during the Age of Imperialism?
Steam
Who was the famous explorer/philanthropist who brought "modern" medical knowledge and Christianity to central Africa (he also discovered/named Victoria Falls)?
David Livingstone
At the end of Europe's land grab in Africa during the age of imperialism, name one of two Africa countries which managed to remain independent?
Ethiopia and Liberia
A country whose foreign policy is controlled by an outside government is called a ______
protectorate
When a country established a mini version of itself in an overseas location, it was called a _______
Colony
A situation wherein two countries help each other to control another country or region is called a _________
Condominium
Name the group of people that controlled most of the Middle East during the Age of Imperialism?
Ottoman Turks
TRUE OR FALSE: During the Age of Imperialism, the Ottoman Turks had modernized their country and had a very efficient , honest, well run government.
FALSE
Against whom did the Ottoman Turks perpetrate a genocide?
The Armenians
In what country was there a challenge to British power/control by a group of Islamic fanatics led by "The Mahdi"?
Sudan
Which organization, founded in 1906, was dedicated to establishing an Islamic state separate from independent India?
The Muslim Leauge
TRUE OR FALSE: the begin with, the British East India Company controlled India for its own purposes, with little or no regulation from England.
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE: The Indians in India were discriminated against by the English colonial government during the age of imperialism.
TRUE
What was a Sepoy?
An Indian soldier
What European country posed a threat to British interests in northwest India during the age of imperialism?
Russia
The idea of countries controlling "spheres of influence" during the age of imperialism was most applicable in which country?
China
Although the East India Company improved roads, railroads, and communications in India, its main goal was to do what?
make money
What did Indian exposure to European ideas result in during the age of imperialism?
A move towards nationalism
What was the goal of the :righteous Harmonious Fists" ("Boxers")?
to drive foreigners out of China
As a consequence of the treaty of Nanjing (nanking), British citizens in China had the right to live in China under british laws and be tried in British courts (even for offenses against Chinese law) This right was known as _________
extraterritoriality
As a consequence of the treaty of Nanjing (nanking), the Chinese government had to reimburse Great Britain for the costs that Britain incurred while fighting China during the Opium wars. This requirement to pay back money is known as what?
an indemnity.
What colony was called the brightest jewel in the crown of the British empire"?
India
TRUE OR FALSE: prior to European activity in Japan, it carried on a considerable amount of trade with both China and Southeast Asia.
TRUE
What country was first to conclude an agreement with Japan to stop murdering shipwrecked sailors?
United States
TRUE OR FALSE: After developing relations with outside nations, like China, Japan resisted modernization.
FALSE
Which area did Japan secure from China after winning the Sino- Japanese war?
Formosa (Taiwan)
Which European country did the Japanese unexpectedly defeat in the early twentieth century?
Russia
After Japan defeated Russia in the early twentieth century, what was one specific area which Japan gained control over?
Korea
Which European country was the first to extensively develop trading interests in Southeast Asia?
Holland
Which European country took control of Burma, Malaya, and Singapore in the early twentieth century?
Great Britain.
Which European country was associated with control of Indochina during the age of imperialism?
France (thus, the name French indo-china)
What was the only southeast Asian country to remain independent during the age of imperialism?
Thailand (Siam)
What were two island groups which the U.S. gained control over during the late 19th century?
Philippines and Hawaii.
Australia was first discovered by the Dutch, but which European country turned it into a colony?
Great Britain
For what purpose was Australia first used by the British?
As a penal colony where they sent convicts.
What is the name given to the indigenous people of Australia?
Aborigines
TRUE OR FALSE: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand had to fight for their independence.
FALSE
what is the name given to the indigenous people of New Zealand?
Maoris
Which European country was the first to develop Canada?
France
Which country won control of Canada at the end of the seven years war?
Great Britain
TRUE OR FALSE: when a country achieved "dominion status" it means that it had achieved complete independence.
FALSE
TRUE OR FALSE: whe the Latin American countries secured independence from Spain, most of them set up democracies where all citizens enjoyed equal rights.
FALSE
Other than Texas, name one other specific area/state that the U.S. won from Mexico in the Mexican War (which ended in 1848)
California (there are other answers, but this is the one I had)
TRUE OR FALSE: despite having lost the Mexican war, the Mexican government was relatively stable for the next 50+ years.
FALSE
What island did the Americans gain from the Spanish when the United States won the Spanish American war in 1898?
The Philippines
TRUE OR FALSE: the Monroe Doctrine stated the United States would not tolerate Asian interference in Latin America.
FALSE
TRUE OR FALSE: the only reason that the Monroe doctrine achieved a certain level of success in the Western hemisphere was owing to the fact that Great Britain did not oppose it.
TRUE
What was the name of the president who modified the Monroe Doctrine?
Roosevelt
Who first began the Panama canal project?
France
Who completed the Panama canal project?
The U.S.
TRUE OR FALSE: For the most part, no good came out of the European/American Age of Imperialism.
TRUE.
What was the name for the countries that fought against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey during WWI?
Allied Powers
The name for acts or talk which encourages rebellion.
Sedition
What was the name for President Wilson's program for peace?
The Fourteen Points
What was the name for payment from one country to another for economic injury suffered during a war?
reparations
Germans used this new technology to change the rules of naval warfare during WWI....
The U-Boat
In what document did Germany propose an alliance with Mexico?
The Zimmerman Telegram.
The United States sold these during WWI to help finance the war.
Liberty Bonds.
Which document was signed by the European Powers which ended WWI?
The Treaty of Versailles
What is the name for the organized killing of an entire people?
genocide
What was the weapon that was best suited to help fight a defensive war during WWI?
The machine gun
Which machine was initially used as a surveillance platform, not as a battlefield weapon during WWI?
The Airplane
Which incident triggered WWI?
the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
What was the underlying cause of WWI?
The web of alliances European nations created for their defense.
The U.S. decided to enter WWI in response to.....
Germany's return to unrestricted submarine warfare.
What was the Selective Service Acts a means of?
drafting young men for the military forces during WWI.
What happened as a result of Vladimir Lenin seizing control in Russia in 1917?
Russia withdrew from WWI
The Government increased control of the economy during WWI by doing what?
enacting price controls and rationing.
What did president Wilson convince the Allies to do?
Accept his plan for the League of Nations
TRUE OR FALSE: for the first few years of WWI, both sides were locked in a stalemate.
TRUE
During WWI, which country actively encouraged anti-german feeling in the U.S.?
Great Britian
Which allied power was on the side of the U.S in WWI, but Against the U.S. in WWII?
Japan
TRUE OR FALSE: Black American troops were segregated and rarely allowed to fight during WWI.
TRUE
Who was the famous British officer that helped the Arabs and British defeat the Turks in the Middle East?
Lawrence of Arabia
TRUE OR FALSE: It was the United States entry in WWI that helped the turn the tied of the war in favor of the countries that opposed Germany.
TRUE
In what country is Versailles located?
France
Match the following people with the countries they represented at the Treaty of Versailles:
1. Lloyd-George a. Italy
2. Orlando b. France
3. Clemenceau c. Britain
Lloyd-George- Britain
Orlando- Italy
Clemenceau- France
In the treaty of Versailles, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bosnia, Croatia, and Slovenia were all combined to form which new country?
Yugoslavia
Name two Middle Eastern countries that were created at the end of WWI.
Saudi Arabia and Iraq (there are other answers)
What northern European country had existed on the map at one time, but was "re-created" at the end of WWI?
Poland
TRUE OR FALSE: all the powers that helped defeat Germany after WWI were in agreement as to how to deal with Germany after the war.
FALSE
TRUE OR FALSE: there were many people who believed the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles made it likely another war would happen.
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE: Trench warfare fought along the Western Front during WWI was an example of an offensive military campaign.
FALSE
Name some of the new weapons that were used during WWI
the zeppelin, poison gas, airplanes, tanks, etc...
In the 1800's/early1900's, what was the occupation of about 90 percent of the Russian people?
Farming
Which of the following countries was NOT an ally of Russia during WWI?
a. England b. Germany
c. United States d. France e. Japan
b. Germany
Who was the leader of the Bolsheviks in Russia?
Lenin
TRUE OR FALSE: Lenin believed that Russia had to industrialize before a revolution could succeed.
FALSE
Lenin's main objectives upon returning to Russia included all of the following EXCEPT: A. to end the war against Germany B. to reform the Russian economy C. to hold free elections D. to establish soviets/collectives throughout Russia
C. to hold free elections
The Bolsheviks accomplished all of the following EXCEPT: A. ending the war B. acting immediately on land reform C. preventing civil war D. establishing a new socialist order
C. preventing civil war.
What year did the Russian communist revolution take place?
1917
After the beginning of the revolution, which Russian leader attempted to keep Russia in the war and have its government move down the path towards democracy?
Kerensky
What was the name of the Russian religious mystic who had such a controlling influence over the Romanov's?
Rasputin
Under the communist system, who controlled industry in Russia?
The State
Who was the man whom Stalin defeated/destroyed in the power struggle to succeed Lenin?
Trotsky
Under Stalin's Five Year plan, which industries were developed?
railroads, energy, and natural resources. NOT consumer goods.
Who was the last Czar of all the Russians?
Nicholas II
TRUE OR FALSE: Stain murdered tens of millions of Russians in order to achieve personal political power.
TRUE
In what city were post WWII held dealing with the issue of "crimes against humanity"?
Nuremberg
What were the four allied powers that occupied Germany after WWII?
France, USSR (russia) U.S., and U.K.
What German city was occupied by the four allied powers after WWII?
Berlin
In 1945, what American City hosted the conference that created the United Nations?
San Francisco
What component of the United Nations allows for each member country to have a seat in the body so that they can discuss/vote on certain issues facing the U.N.?
The General Assembly
What component of the United Nations has only limited membership and is tasked with discussing/voting on major issues ?
The Security Council
In the Security Council of the United Nations, there are only five PERMANENT members. Which five countries?
China, France, U.S., U.K., and Russia
The five permanent members of the Security Council have a particular type of power concerning decisions within the U.N. What is this power?
Veto Power
Which U.S. president instituted the policy of containment with regards to communism in the post WWII world?
Truman
TRUE OR FALSE: the cold war was largely a shooting war between the US and the Soviet Union.
False.
Which UN organization is largely responsible for trying to help out countries that are experiencing financial/economic difficulties?
IMF (international monetary fund)
Which UN organization is largely responsible for tracking diseases, promoting prevention methods, and researching cures for diseases?
WHO (world health organization)
Which UN organization is attempting to promote understanding between countries by sponsoring cultural exchanges?
UNESCO
Which UN organization is largely responsible for trying to assist countries with regards to issues involving children (particularly disadvantaged children)?
UNICEF
What is the primary issue involved in the NATO alliance?
defense
Name the two North American countries in NATO.
Canada and US
Name three European countries in NATO
France, U.K., and Poland (there are other acceptable answers.)
What European city did the Soviet Union try to "strangle" by imposing a blockade on goods coming overland to the city?
Berlin
What was the name of the program wherein the US infused huge sums of money into the rebuilding of war torn Europe (especially in Germany)?
The Marshall Plan
TRUE OR FALSE: After WWII, the US backed out/exited Japan.
FALSE
What was the name of the Soviet Union's counterpart to NATO?
The Warsaw Pact
TRUE OR FALSE: Ghandi believed the Indian people had the right to respond with violence if the British were unreasonable towards Indian demands for self rule.
FALSE
TRUE OR FALSE: the Indutrial Revolutionary Party (PRI) is still one of the most powerful political parties in Mexico.
TRUE
Who was the leader who engineered the modernization of Turkey?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Who was the leader who ordered the massacre of Chinese communists?
Jiang Jieshi
Who was Hirohito
The Emperor of Japan
Who was Pancho Villa?
A rebel Mexican leader
What is it called when the government takes over control of a country's natural resources, businesses, or industries?
Nationalization
What is a system under which races are separated called?
apartheid
Who was the nationalist leader who modernized Iran?
Reza Khan
Who was the leader of the Muslim league in India who supported the idea o a separate state for Muslims?
Muhammed Ali Jinnah
Who was the leader of the first Chinese Republic?
Sun Yixian
At the end of WWI, what did many Indians expect?
greater self government
What tactic did Gandhi use to to fight British Rule?
Passive resistance
What did Mao Zedong and Jiang Jieshi disagree over?
the political future of China
The Balfour Declaration was a document signed by which country's government?
Great Britain
Who was the Balfour Declaration designed to help?
The Jews
The system of apartheid was developed in which country?
South Africa
Which US president indirectly influenced many nations around the world to throw off the chains of colonization and try to achieve self government, if not complete independence?
Woodrow Wilson
which was one of the first areas in China that the Japanese invaded as part of their expansion policies?
Manchuria
What is the name given to the Japanese legislative branch of government?
The diet