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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Five Benefits of Knowing Bible Prophecy
1. Bible prophecy reminds us that God is sovereign
2. Bible prophecy reminds us that God is good
3. Bible prophecy motivates us to Holy Living
4. Bible prophecy helps us establish proper priorities
5. Bible prophecy gives us hope
Four principles of sound interpretation
1. Interpret the Prophetic passage literally
2. Interpret by comparing prophecy with prophecy
3. Interpret in light of possible time intervals
4. Interpret figurative language scripturally
Three elements of the biblical idea of the kingdom of God
1. A sovereign, authoritative ruler
2. A realm to rule
3. The exercising of authority
The Seven reasons that cause hope
1. Death is gain. Paul had no fear of death
2. Jesus nullified Satan’s power of death. Through Jesus death and resurrection He has destroyed the power of death
3. Jesus conquered death. Through his death and resurrection, Christ indeed has conquered death
4. Our tent is taken down. The imagery of death in scripture is the collapsing of the tent
5. Our anchor is lifted. Another picture of death is lifting the anchor of a ship
6. Christ welcomes us. When the Sanhedrin had Stephen stoned to death, Stephen gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.
7. Believers will be with Christ. Jesus promised the thief on the cross, Truly I say to you, today you shall be with me in paradise, his words are potent.
Heaven is used in three ways
1. The atmospheric heaven
2. The celestial heaven
3. The dwelling place of God
3 major millennial systems and their definitions
1. Amillenialism- means that there will not be a literal, future millennium. Amillennialists do not deny the literal return of Jesus Christ, but they reject a literal thousand-year reign of Christ on the earth. According to Amillennialism, the kingdom of God is present in the church age, and at the consummation of the present age, the eternal state is inaugurated without any intervening millennium. For this reason some amillenialists suggest a term such as realized millennialism to indicate theat they do not deny a millennium but believe it is fulfilled entirely in the present age.

2. Postmillennialism- defined as that view of the last things which holds that the kingdom of God is now being extended in the world through the preaching of the Gospel and the saving work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of individuals, that the world eventually is to be Christianized, and that the return of Christ is to occur at the close of a long period of righteousness and peace commonly called the millennium. The term postmillennialism means that Christ will return after the millennium. The present age will develop morally and spiritually until it issues in the millennial age, with Christ returning to earth at the conclusion of the Millennium.

3. Premillennialism- Historic- Means that Christ will return before the millennium to establish His earthly reign of one thousand years. There are, however, two distinct forms of premillennialism, one known as “historic” premill, while the other is known as dispensational premill. Dispensational premill- can be identified through two basic features: 1. A distinction is made between God’s program for Israel and His program for the church. 2. A consistently literal interpretation of the scriptures is maintained.
Explain covenant Theo and the four problems within the system
A. Covenant Theo- Teaches that God initially made a covenant of works with Adam, promising eternal life for obedience and death for disobedience. Adam failed, and death entered the human race. God, however, moved to resolve man’s dilemma by entering a covenant of grace through which the problem of sin and death would be overcome. Christ is the ultimate mediator of God’s covenant of grace.
B. 4 Problems
1. Covenant theo uses the spiritualizing approach to Scripture
2. Covenant theo does not adequately deal with the distinctions found in the Bible
3. The biblical covenants (abrahamic, Palestinian, Davidic, and new) are not simply progressive relations of the covenant of grace.
4. The goal of history in covenant theo is not broad enough
Explain Dispensational Theo and it’s three elements
A. Dispensationialism theo- Views the world as a household run by God. In this household-world God is dispensing or administering its affairs according to His own will and in various stages of revelation in the passage of time. These various stages mark off the distinguishably different economies in the outworking of His total purpose, and these different economies constitute the dispensations. The understanding of God’s differing economies is essential to a proper interpretation of His revelation within those various economies.
B. 3 Elements
1. consistent literal approach to interpreting the scriptures
2. a clear distinction between the church and the nation of Israel in God’s dealings
3. the glory of God as God’s ultimate purpose of history
Five objections to dispensational premillennialism
1. Only revelation 20 supports an earthly millennium
2. A literal interpretation is too rigid
3. It is not theologically necessary
4. Jesus’ kingdom is not of this world
5. Israel displaces the church
Two major reasons for existence of tribulation period
1. It is the purpose of God to judge wicked, unbelieving men and nations for their sinfulness. The creature will be held responsible to the creator for violating His laws and standards. During the days of the tribulation, God will deal with all the nations of the world.
2. Purpose of God in the tribulation is to bring salvation to the nation of Israel, preparing them for the messianic kingdom. The scriptures indicate that the tribulation has a definite Jewish character
Explain the concept of Annihilationism and four basic issues to refute the concept
A. Annihilationism- The position of Annihilationism probably comes primarily from a desire to defend the character and actions of a God who is loving and gracious. It is felt by annihilationists that God would have to be viewed as cruel and vindictive if He allowed people to suffer in torment forever and ever. In the opinion of some, God would be some sort of monster akin to Satan. With this as a basis, they attempt to modify the traditional view of eternal punishment with Greek Philosophy.
B. Four Issues to refute the concept of annihilationism
1. Logically, annihilation is not a punishment at all but something that could be quite desirable to the wicked. Nonexistence is certainly not an adequate punishment for sin, and the wicked would not feel constrained to cease sinning if that is all they faced. Boetnner writes, “it implies a termination of consciousness and therefore of all pain and all sense of guilt or ill-desert.. For those who have an accusing conscience .. it would in reality be a blessing.
2. Annihilationists rely heavily on the position of conditional immortality- that people receive immortality from God only at salvation. Thus, the unbeliever who has not responded to God’s offer of salvation does not possess immortality and is eventually annihilated. Annihilationists often point out that people do not automatically possess immortality for it is said that only God possesses immortality.
3. The teachings of scripture point to an eternal punishment. As we have already observed in Matthew 25:46, The Lord Jesus used the same word to describe the eternal blessings of the righteous and the eternal punishment of the wicked. If the penalty of the wicked is not everlasting, then there is no reason to believe that the blessings of the righteous are everlasting either. The word aionion is used more than seventy times in the N.T. and always denotes indefinite, unbounded, eternal duration. In matthew 25:46 there is no reason to see anything but the continued existence of both the righteous and the wicked.
4. Annihilationists commonly interpret words that speak of the destruction and punishment of the wicked as meaning the cessation of their being. For example, one key word for “destroy” used by annihilationists in that way is apollymi. However, apollymi does not mean annihilation but rather, “loss” or “ruin”. For example, it means “lost” in the parables of Luke 15. It can be applied to that which has become “useless”, as in the case of the wineskins in Jesus parable or the idea of Judas Iscariot having already “perished” in John 17:12. In none of these passages would the idea of annihilation be appropriate, and it is questionable that it is ever used that way.