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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Hear the word of the Lord, O people of Israel, for the Lord has a grievance against the inhabitans of the land: There is no fidelity, no mercy, no knowledge of God in the land. Fals swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultry! in their lawlessness, bloodshed follows bloodshed. Therefore the land mourns, and everything tha dwells in it languishes: The beasts of the field, the birds of the air, and even the fish of the sea perish.
Hosea 4:1-3
Then afterward I will pour out my spirit upon all mankind. Your sons and daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions; Even upon the servants and the handmaids, in those days, I will pour out my spirit. And I will work wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood, fire, and columns of smoke; The sun will be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, At the coming of the day of the Lord, the great and terrible day. THen everyone shall be rescued who calls on the name of the Lord. For on Mount Zion there shall be a remnant, as the Lord has said, And in Jerusalem survivors whom the Lord shall call.
Joel 2: 28-32 (in my bible 3:1-5)
But if you would offer me holocausts, then let justice surge like water, and goodness like an unfailing stream.
Amos 5:24
And saviors shall ascend Mount Zion to rule the mount of Esau, and the kingship shall be the Lord's
Obadiah 21
When God saw by their actions how they turned from their evil way, he repented of the evil that he had threatened to do to them; he did not carry it out.
Jonah 3:10
You have been told, O man, what is good, and what the Lord requires of you; Only to do the right and to love goodness, and to walk hunbly with your God.
Micah 6:8
The Lord is good, a refuge on the day of distress; He takes care of those who have recourse to him, when the flood rages; He makes an end of his opponents, and his enemies he pursues with darkness.
Nahum 1: 7-8
The rash man has no integrity; but the just man, because of his faith, shall live. Wealth, too, is treacherous; the proud, unstable man-
Habakkuk 2:4
At that time I will bring you home, and at that time I will gather you; For I will give you renown and praise, among all the peoples of the earth, When I bring about your restoration before your very eyes, says the Lord.
Zephaniah 3:20
For thus says the Lord of hosts: One moment yet, a little while, and I will shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land. I will shake all the nations, and the treasures of all the nations will come in, And I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. Mine is the silver and mine the gold, says the Lord of hosts. Greater will be the future glory of this house than the former, says the Lord of hosts; And in this place I will give peace, says the Lord of hosts!
Haggai 2:6-9 build the temple!
Then he said to me, "this is the Lord's message to Zerubbabel: Not by an army, nor by might, but by my spirit, says the Lord of hosts.
Zechariah 4:6
See, the day is coming, burning like an oven, when all the arrogant and all evil-doers will be stubble; the day that comes shall burn them up, says the Lord of hosts, so that it will elave them neither root nor branch. But for you who revere my name the sun of righteousness shall rise, with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall. And you shall tread down the wicked, for they will be ashes under the soles of your feet, on the day when I act, says the Lord of hosts. Remember the teaching of my servant Moses, the statutes and ordinances that I commanded him at Horeb for all Israel. Lo, I will send you the prophet Elijah before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of parents to their children and the hearts of children to their parents, so that I will not come and strike the land with a curse.
Malachi 4:1-5
Jewish holiday in Ester?
The WORD (theme) in Ecclesiates and what it means...
Hebel - meaningless, vanity, smoke, vapor
Secondary History has which books?
Chronicles 1-2, Ezra, Nehemiah
Date: Fall of Jerusalem to Babylonians
Date: Israel falls to Assyria
Date: Cyrus decree (Jews could rebuild temple)
Date: lay temple foundation
Date: renew work on temple
Date: temple complete
Date: Ezra returns to Jerusalem
Date: Nehemiah comes to Jerusalem
What did the secondary books emphasize?

What did they use as a source?
emphasize faithfulness and salvation, hope in Davidic dynasty, Hope in proper temple worship, Need to keep identity

Used primary history as a source.
Why study Ezra and Nehemiah together?
Same author, Same time period, One book in Tanak
What is synonymous parallelism?
Synonymous parallelism is the rhetorical use of synonyms or near synonyms to refer to the same entity or action. Synonymous parallelism is one of the most frequent Hebraic poetic structures.
Some people refers to instances of synonymous parallelism as doublets.

Psalm 119:105 illustrates synonymous parallelism: "Your word is a lamp to my feet
And a light to my path." (NASB)

In this poetic couplet, lamp and light both refer to the same entity, the figurative illumination of the word of God.

Synonymous parallelism is a subtype of rhetorical parallelism.
What is antithetic parallelism?
Antithetical parallelism is a kind of rhetorical parallelism in which the repeated terms of a poetic couplete are opposite in meaning.
Antithetical parallelism contrasts with synonymous parallelism.

Proverbs 12:5 exemplifies antithetical parallelism:

The thoughts of the righteous are right,
But the counsels of the wicked are deceitful. (NKJV)

In this couplet "thoughts" and "counsels" are synonymously parallel, but "righteous" and "wicked" are antithetically parallel, so the couplet, as a whole, is an example of antithetical parallelism.
What are the two forms of Wisdom?

Which book(s) belong to each of the forms?
Practical - Proverbs

Speculative - Job and Ecclesiastes
What is the message at the end of Job?
teach about Wisdom; God can't be contained by wisdom
What are the two different ways to read Song of Solomon?
Allegorically or literally
What is the key message in Isaiah?
trust Yahweh alone.
History and Dates: First part of Isaiah (1-39)

721 Israel falls to Assyria (Northern Kingdom conquered)

Message: Judgement on Israel (N) and Judah (S)
History and Dates: 2nd part of Isaiah (40-55)

587 Babylonians conquered Judah and Jerusalum

message: comfort and hope, punishment is over, New Exodus
History and Dates: 3rd Part of Isiah (56-66)

538 Decree of Cyrus; Persians!

message: encouragement, a "new creation"
What is the Hebrew word for prophet?
How many prophetic books are there in the Tanak? And which are they?
1) Isaiah
2) Jeremiah
3) Ezekial
4) The Twelve
What is the imagery that starts of Jeremiah?
Marriage image between Israel and Yahweh.
The good news of Jeremiah is...
return to the land, New Covenant!
Message in Ezekial is...
Glory of Yahweh has left Jerusalem
Daniel is written in what language(s) and in what style(s)?

What are the major themes?
Language - Hebrew and Aramaic

Style - Narrative and Apocalyptic

Themes - Time is soon; Sovereignty of God
What are the characteristics of most Apocalyptic books?
- cosmic language
- violence
- dualism
- God's intervention (catastropic judgement)
- God's sovereignty
- time is soon
What are the five ancient Jewish sects?
Pharisees, Sadducess, Essenes, Scribes, Zealots
Define a Pharisee
A member of an ancient Jewish sect that emphasized strict interpretation and observance of the Mosaic law in both its oral and written form
Define a Sadducee
A member of a priestly, aristocratic Jewish sect founded in the second century B.C. that accepted only the written Mosaic law and that ceased to exist after the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70.

polar opposite of a Pharisees
Define a Essene
A member of an ascetic Jewish sect that existed in ancient Palestine from the second century B.C. to the second century A.D.

"holy ones" - believe in immortality of the soul, but not necessariloy the resurrection of the body
Define Scribes
anciently held various important offices in the public affairs of the nation.
The Hebrew word so rendered (sopher) is first used to designate the holder of
some military office
Define Zealots
A member of a Jewish movement of the first century A.D. that fought against Roman rule in Palestine as incompatible with strict monotheism.

"Simon the Zealot"
Septuagint is called such because...
(LXX) 70 translators
Define Apocrypha
Define Hannukah
an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC
What did Ephiphanes do?
basically outlawed Judaism

name aka. Antiochus IV