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35 Cards in this Set

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anterior
situated at or directed toward the front; opposite of posterier
posterior
directed toward or situated at the back; opposite of anterior
cephalic
pertaining to the head, or head end of the body
caudal
situated toward the tail
coccygeal area
decubitous
the act of lying down; the position assumed in lying down
eversion
a turning inside out; a turning outward
flexion
the act of bending or the condition of being bent
Fowler's
the head of the patient's bed is raised 18 to 20 inches above level
internal
situated or occuring within or the inside
external
situated or occuring on the outside
knee-chest
the patient rests on his or her knees and chest. The head is turned to one side, and the arms are extended on the bed, the elbows flexed and resting so that they partially bear the weight of the patient
lateral
midline of the body; pertaining to the side
bilateral
having two sides; pertaining to both sides
lithotomy
to make an incision into an organ BLADDER to remove a stone

THERE IS A MISTAKE IN THE BOOK
medial
situated toward the midline
oblique
slanting; incline
peripheral
an outward structure or surface; the portion of a system outside the central region
proximal
toward the center or median line; the point of attachment or origin
distal
remote; farther from any point of reference
quadrant
one of four corresponding parts, or quarters, as of the surface of the abdomen or of the field of vision
recumbent
lying down
rotation
the process of turning around an axis
Sims
the patient lies on his left side and chest; the right knee and thigh drawn up, the left arm along the back left; left side
sinistro-
left; left side
dextro-
right; right side
superior
situated above, or directed upward
inferior
situated below, or directed downward
supine
lying with the face upward or on the dorsal surface
supination
the act of placing or lying on the back
prone
lying face downward or on the ventral surface
pronation
the act of assuming the prone position
trans-
through; across; beyond
Trendelenburg's
the patient is supine on a surface inclined 45%, the head lower than the legs
upright
perpendicular vertical erect in carriage or posture
extension
the movement bringing the members of a limb into or toward a straight condition