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22 Cards in this Set

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windpipe; the bube extending from the larynx to the bronchi
Trachea
the 2 branches of the trachea that enter the lungs
primary bronchi
when the primary bronchi enters the lung on it's respective side and immediatly splits into smaller bronchioles
secondary bronchi
small branch of bronchus
bronchiole
the trachea, 2 primary bronchi, and their many branches
bronchial tree
airway the branches from the smalles bronchioles; alveolar sacs arise from alveolar ducts
alveolar duct
literally, a small cavity; alveoli of lungs are microscopic saclike dialations of terminal bronchioles' gas exchange in the lungs occurs across the membranes of the alveoli
alveolus
single layer of cells that makes up the wall of the alveoli
Respiratory Membrane
substance covering the surface of the respiratory membrane insie the alveolus; it reduces surface tension and prevents the alveoli from collapsing
Surfactant
chest
thorax
processes that result in the absorbtion, transport, and utilization or exchange of respiratory gasses between an organism and its environment
respiration
respiratory organs that are not contained within the thorax; includes nasal cavity, pharynx, and associated structures
Upper respiratory tract
facial deformity that is an x-linked inhereted condition; when the palatine bone fails to unite completely
cleft palate
perforated portion of the ethmoid bone that separates the nasal and cranial cavities
Cribriform Plate
Mucus covered membrane that lines tubes of the respiratory tree
Respiratory Mucosa
uppermost portion of the tube just behind the nasal cavities
Nasopharynx
portion of the pharynx that is located behind the mouth
Oropharynx
Lowest part of the pharynx
Laryngopharynx
Masses of lymphoid tissue; protect against bacteria
Tonsils
Voice box located just below the pharynx
Larynx
Largest cartilage of the larynx; adams apple
Thyroid Cartilage
Lidlike cartilage overhanging the entrance to the larynx
Epiglottis