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107 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hist/o
tissue
epitheli/o
epithelium
dors/o
back of body
dist/o
away from
cyt/o
cell
crani/o
skull
chondr/o
cartilage
cephal/o
head
caud/o
tail
anter/o
front
adip/o
fat
abdomin/o
abdomen
trans-
through or across
supra-
above
sub-
below or under
retro-
behind or backward
post-
behind or after
peri-
around or about
intra-
within
inter-
between
epi-
above
viscer/o
internal organs
ventr/o
belly
thorac/o
chest
system/o
system
super/o
above
spin/o
spine
somat/o
body
proxim/o
near to
poster/o
back
pelv/o
pelvis
oste/o
bone
neur/o
nerve
organ/o
organ
muscul/o
muscle
medi/o
middle
build up of body
cell, tissue, organs, system
cytology
study of cell
cell membrane
outside
cytoplasm
body of cell
nucleus
middle of cell
chromosomes
within nucleus
genes
hereditary characteristics
DNA
activity of the cell
karyotype
picture of nucleus
xx
female
xy
male
downs syndrome
47 chromosomes
normal # of chormosomes
46/23 pairs
histology
study of tissue
muscle tissue
movement
nervous tissue
sends message back & forth from brain
connective tissue
bone,blood,fat,cartilage
morbidity
sickness or illness
epithelial
skin, surronds internal organs
mortality
death
febrile
fever
inflammation
how body protects you
sagittal
right and left
coronal/frontal
front & back
transverse
top,bottom
RUQ
intestines,pancreas,liver,
gallbladder
LUQ
intestines,pancreas,liver,
stomach,spleen
RLQ
intestines,ureter,appendix,
ovary,fallopian tube
LLQ
intestines,ureter,ovary,
fallopian tube
signs
what health care worker can see
symptoms
what patient says is wrong
clinical findings
help determine whats wrong:
x-rays,lab results
homeostasis
eveything is working good
etiology
study of cause
diagnosis
name of whats wrong with you
prognosis
prediction on how you will recover
idiopathic
unknown disease
extension
to straighten
flexion
to bend
afferent
toward
efferent
away from
unilateral
one side
bilateral
two sides
oblique
angle
internal
inside
external
outside
central
middle
supine position
laying face up
anatomical position
facing forward with palms out
prone position
laying on belly
dorsal cavity
cranial, spinal
Ventral cavity
thoracic,abdominal,pelvic,
abdominopelvic,diaphragm
medical words are mostly
greek or latin
eponyms
something named after someones last name
acronyms
word made of letters
word root
base word, tell body system or part. maybe more than one
prefix
beginning of word, tells location of organ,number of parts, of time (frequency)
suffix
ending of word, condition, disease, or procedure
combining vowel
used to link on word root to another root or suffix, it is not used when suffix begins with a vowel
combining form
created by the word root and combining vowel
superior or cephalic
more toward the head, or above another structure
inferior or caudal
more toward the feet or tail, or below another structure
anterior or ventral
more toward the front or belly-side of body
posterior or dorsal
more toward the back or spinal cord side of body
lateral
refers to the side
apex
tip or summit of an organ
base
bottom or lower part of an organ
proximal
located nearer to the point of attachment to the body
distal
located farther away from the point of attachment to the body
superfical
more toward the surface of the body
deep
further away from the surface of the body