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23 Cards in this Set

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CHOLINERGIC AGONIST

WHAT ARE CHOLINE ESTERS DRUGS?
BETHANECHOL (DUVOID)
TREATMENT OF BLADDER & GI HYPOTONIA
CHOLINERGIC AGONIST

WHAT ARE THE NEW M3 SPECIFIC AGONISTS DRUGS?
CEVIMELINE (EVOXAC)

TREATMENT OF DRY MOUTH IN PTS WITH SJOGRENS SYNDROME
CHOLINERGIC AGONIST

WHAT ARE THE NATURAL ALKALOID DRUGS?
PILOCARPINE (OCUSERT) (PILOCAR)

TREATMENT OF GLAUCOMA, TREAT DRY MOUTH (XEROSTOMIA)
In what areas of the body can AChE Inhibitors function on?
All Autonomic Ganglia, Neuromuscular Junction, Eye, GI, Urinary Bladder, & effector organs innervated by PSNS.
TYPES OF AChE INHIBITORS

What are the Reversible/Short drugs?
EDROPHONIUM
TYPES OF AChE INHIBITORS

What are the Reversible/Intermediate drugs?
PHYSOSTIGMINE
NEOSTIGMINE
PYRIDOSTIGMINE
RIVASTIGMINE
AMBENONIUM
DONEPREZIL
TACRINE
TYPES OF AChE INHIBITORS

What are the Irreversible/Synthetic Organophosphate drugs?
ECOTHIOPHATE
ISOFLUOROPHATE

(ECOTHIO- ISOFLUORO-)
TYPES OF AChE INHIBITORS

What are the Irreversible/Nerve Gases?
SARIN
SOMA

(SS)
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES OF AChE INHIBITORS?
TREATMENT OF:
-MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
-HYPOTONIA OF BLADDER & GI
-GLAUCOMA
ALZHEIMERS
WHAT IS THE AChE INHIBITOR FIRST LINE OF DRUG AGAINST CHRONIC CASES/MYASTHENIA GRAVIS?
NEOSTIGMINE
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES OF PHYSOSTIGMINE?
-ANTIDOTE FOR OVERDOSES OF ATROPINE & ANTICHOLINERGIC DRUGS TO REVERSE CNS SIDE EFFECTS
-REDUCE IOP IN GLAUCOMA
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS FOR ORGANOPHOSPHATE/NERVE GAS POISONING?
-PYRIDOSTIGMINE: PROPHYLACTICALLY IN CHEMICAL WARFARE
-POST EXPOSURE, HIGH DOSES OF MUSCARINIC ANTAGONIST ATROPINE OR SCOPOLAMINE FOLLOWED BY PRALIDOXIME (BEFORE AGING HAS OCCURRED)
MUSCARINIC RECEPTOR ANATAGONISTS
WHAT ARE THE BELLADONA ALKALOID DRUGS?
-ATROPINE
-SCOPOLAMINE

A.S.
MUSCARINIC RECEPTOR ANATAGONISTS

WHAT ARE THE SYNTHETIC & SEMI-SYNTHETIC DERIVATIVE DRUGS?
-IPRATROPIUM
-TIOTROPIUM
-TOLTERODINE

T.I.T.
WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS OF ATROPINE?
-DRY MOUTH
-CONSTIPATION
-CYCLOPLEGIA (BLURRED VISION)
-MYDRIASIS (DILATED PUPILS)
-HOT, DRY FLUSHED SKIN
-TACHYCARDIA
-FEVER
-CNS DISTURBANCES

(ALL DOSAGE DEPENDANT)
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES FOR SCOPOLAMINE?
-PROPHYLACTIC FOR MOTION SICKNESS
-OPTHALMIC USE
-ADJUNCT DRUG IN ANESTHESIA TO PRODUCE SEDATION & AMNESIA
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES OF IPRATROPIUM BROMIDE (ATROVENT)?
-CAUSE BRONCHODILATION AS AN ADJUNCT TO ALBUTEROL FOR ASTHMA & COPD PTS.
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES FOR TIOTROPIUM BROMIDE (SPIRIVA)?
TREATMENT FOR COPD & ASTHMA
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES OF TOLTERODINE (DETROL)?
TREATMENT OF OVERACTIVE BLADDER BY BLOCKING M3 RECEPTORS ON DETRUSOR MUSCLE REDUCING PSNS CONTRACTION OF BLADDER & DIMINISH URGE INCONTINENCE DURING FILLING
NAME THE M3 ANTAGONISTS THAT ARE SIMILAR TO TOLTERODINE?
-FESOTERODINE
-SOLIFENACIN
-DARIFENACIN
-OXYBUTYNIN
WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL USES FOR NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION BLOCKERS?
SKELETAL MUSCLE RELAXANTS, USED IN SURGERY AS ADJUNCTS TO ANESTHESIA
NMJ BLOCKERS

WHAT ARE THE NON-DEPOLORIZING BLOCKER DRUGS
-ATRACURIUM
-CISTRACURIUM
-VECURONIUM
-ROCURONIUM
-PANCURONIUM
-TUBOCURARINE
NMJ BLOCKERS

WHAT ARE THE DEPOLARIZING DRUGS?
SUCCINYL CHOLINE